Drug Control Strategies

Topics: Rape, Sexual assault, War rape Pages: 2 (717 words) Published: June 18, 2013
Forcible rape, as defined in the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, is “the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.  Attempts or assaults to commit rape by force or threat of force are also included; however, statutory rape (without force) and other sex offenses are excluded.” (FBI, 2011). Most states have refined and broadened the definition of rape so that marriage, gender, and the fact that they have previously been intimate are not relevant. The victim's lack of consent is the crucial element. A lack of consent can include the victim's inability to say "no" to intercourse, due to the effects of drugs or alcohol. Rape can occur when the offender and victim have a pre-existing relationship (sometimes called date rape), or even when the offender is the victim's spouse. (Siegel, 2012). There are three main personality typologies of forcible rape. These are anger rape, power rape and sadistic rape. Anger rape happens when the rapist uses sex to get rid of pent up anger and rage. His goal is to hurt the victim as much as possible and sex may be only an afterthought to the violence. Power rape occurs in those who want to sexually possess someone. This type of rapist wants to dominate the victim and uses force only if necessary. Sadistic rape involves sex and aggression. Sadistic rapists are often ritualistic and torture the victim. Victims of sadistic rape are often related. (Siegel, 2012). Furthermore, failure to report rape may limit needed medical and/or psychological care after the sexual assault. College is a high-risk time frame for sexual victimization, with studies reporting that one in every four college women have been raped or experienced an attempted rape. Furthermore, one study found that half of college men surveyed report having engaged in some form of sexual aggression on a date. Despite the alarming prevalence of rape victimization among college women, there is a...

References: FBI — Forcible rape. (2011). FBI — Homepage. Retrieved June 14, 2013, from http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2011/crime-in-the-u.s.-2011/violent-crime/forcible-rape
Reporting of sexual violence incidents | National Institute of Justice. (2010, October 26). National Institute of Justice: Criminal Justice Research, Development and Evaluation. Retrieved June 14, 2013, from http://www.nij.gov/topics/crime/rape-sexual-violence/rape-notification.htm
Siegel, L. J. (2012). Criminology (11th Addition ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.
Wolitzky-Taylor, K. B., Resnick, H. S., Amstadter, A. B., McCauley, J. L., Ruggiero, K. J., & Kilpatrick, D. G. (2011). Reporting Rape in a National Sample of College Women. Journal Of American College Health, 59(7), 582-587. doi:10.1080/07448481.2010.515634
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