A drug addiction is an ongoing need to use drugs. It is also called substance dependence, because the person may depend on drugs to continue functioning normally. Like any addiction, it involves a craving, or strong want, that is very hard to control. When the addict is no longer able to use the drug, they will suffer from withdrawal. A person usually become addicted to specific kinds of drugs, the use of which may or may not be against the law. A person who may easily become addicted to drugs is said to have an addictive personality. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders defines drug addiction as a mental disorder. Causes
Drugs known to cause addiction include both legal and illegal drugs as well as prescription or over-the-counter drugs, according to the definition of the American Society of Addiction Medicine. Stimulants (psychological addiction, moderate to severe):
Sedatives and hypnotics (physical addiction, mild to severe, and physiological addiction, severe; abrupt withdrawal may be fatal): Alcohol
Barbiturates and glutethimide
Benzodiazepines,particularly alprazolam, flunitrazepam, triazolam, temazepam, and nimetazepam Z-drugs like zopiclone have a similar effect in the body to benzodiazepines Methaqualone and the related quinazolinone sedative-hypnotics Opiate and opioid analgesics (physical addiction, mild to severe, physiological addiction, mild to severe; abrupt withdrawal is unlikely to be fatal): Morphine and codeine, the two naturally occurring opiate analgesics Semi-synthetic opiates, such as heroin (diacetylmorphine; morphine diacetate), oxycodone, buprenorphine, and hydromorphone Fully synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, meperidine/pethidine, and methadone Addictive drugs also include a large number of substrates that are currently considered to have no medical value and are not available over the counter or by prescription. Several theories of drug addiction exist, some of the main ones being genetic predisposition, the self-medication theory, and factors involved with social/economic development. There are strong associations between poverty and addiction. It is important to remember that people abuse substances for hundreds of different, individual, almost idiosyncratic reasons. Drug addiction in Punjab
I think most of you have heard at least something about the major problems of drug addiction in Punjab. This problem is growing from bad to worse with little remedy in sight. One might wonder why the Punjab government doesn’t get involved and help setup programs to deal with the problems. From what little I do know about the situation I think it is possible that people involved in the government either don’t care, are not seeing the urgency of the problem, or benefit in some way by all the drugs/alcohol, etc. Just in the area of alcohol I heard thatAmritsar city consumes more than Rs 1 crore (approx. US $225,000) worth of liquor EVERY DAY! So you can imagine how the money revolving around alcohol and other drugs might control people in government. There is too much money going around to write off the possibility of corruption and politics influencing these things. It’s no wonder there are very few if any programs organized and funded by the government to deal with the issues of de-addiction. So the question comes, how do we help the thousands people who are already addicted to drugs, and prevent the many youth who might soon get into drugs? There is no easy answer, that is for sure! My community is no stranger to drugs and de-addiction. Many of my parents generation were teenagers/"hippies"/spiritual seekers of that era (1960′s/70′s). This was a time when people were seeking an experience of higher consciousness; many of whom used drugs as a way to try to find that. At this same time Siri Singh Sahib ji (Yogi Bhajan) came to the USA and immediately saw this drug culture and...
Bibliography: 1. http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_addiction
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