Do you agree with the modernisation theorists’ assumption that development involves a process of modernisation? Modernisation theory is an understanding and explanation of the process of transformation from the traditional or so called “underdeveloped” societies to modern societies. From reading the theorists work surrounding the topic of modernisation it is believed that modernisation is the process change towards those types of social, economic and political systems that have been developed in Western Europe and North America from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth and has blown across to other European countries and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to the South America, Asian and African continents. Since 1950 modernisation theory has been one of the key outlooks in the sociology of national alleged development and underdevelopment. The attention firstly has been focused on the ways in which past and present ‘pre-modern’ societies became modern through the process of economic growth and the change in social, political and cultural structures. (Eisenstadt 1966, pg.1) Modernisation theorists are concerned with economic growth within societies. Mechanisation or industrialisations are key elements in the process of economic growth. Modernisation theorists study the social, political and cultural consequences of economic growth and the circumstances that are Important for industrialisation and economic growth to occur. From my reading of the theories I would partly agree and also partly disagree with the statement that “development involves a process of modernisation” as the different theorist have their own perspective on the topic parts of their findings lead to the same objective or issue. The sociological concept of modernisation does not refer only to the most current or u to date but rather requires particular processes of societal changes in the course of national development. Industrialisation involves the use of non-living sources of power to initiate production, it involves increases in manufacturing, wage, labour and income levels. It may or may not be present where there is political, social, or cultural modernisation it may exist in the absence of other aspects of modernisation. Development implies economic growth, but not necessarily through transformation from the majority of primary production to manufacturing. Within each of the social science disciplines it outline particular attention to modern structures, social, political and economic, and it provides great importance to structures or institutions within its realm for explaining other developments in society. Although there are many versions of modernisation theory, major implicit or explicit tenets are that, societies develop through a series of evolutionary stages, these stages are based on different degrees and patterns of social differentiation and reintegration of structural and cultural components that are functionally compatible for the maintenance of society, contemporary developing societies are at a pre-modern stage of evolution and they eventually will achieve economic growth and will take on the social, political, and economic features of western European and North American societies which have progressed to the highest stage of social evolutionary development and finally this modernisation will result as complex Western technology is imported and traditional structural and cultural features incompatible with such development are overcome. At its main modernisation theory suggests that advanced industrial technology produces not only economic growth in developing societies but also other structural and cultural changes. The common characteristics that societies tend to develop as they become modern may differ from one version of modernization theory to another, but, in general, all assume that institutional structures and individual activities become more highly specialized, differentiated, and integrated into...
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