Disorders in Children

Topics: Anorexia nervosa, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Bulimia nervosa Pages: 11 (2241 words) Published: May 15, 2014


Behavioral, Emotional, and Eating Disorders in Children/Adolescents NAME
CCOU 302-D02
May 5, 2014
Professor Cathy Early

ABSTRACT
There are many disorders that are plaguing our youth. Some individuals are genetically predisposed to certain disorders, while others are developed disorders. This research paper will discuss the various disorders that are common among children and adolescents. Disorders that will be covered are behavioral, emotional, and eating. The Bible has plenty to say in regard to spiritual, natural, and mental health issue and various scriptures will be used from a Christian viewpoint.

Behavioral, Emotional, and Eating Disorders in Children/Adolescents Behavioral, emotional, and eating disorders are not uncommon especially in children and adolescents in this day and age. There are various disorders diagnosis that are increasing on a daily basis as well as new disorders being discovered. There are several common disruptive behavioral disorders that include but is not limited to conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These disorders can be worsened by other factors such as difficulties in families, mood disorders, substance abuse, and emotional problems. Emotional and eating disorders are not as uncommon as once was, especially with media and societies worldview of what beauty is and pressures to fit in with the in crowd. Behavioral Disorders

Conduct Disorder
Conduct disorder or (CD), encompasses a number of severe behavioral symptoms that can begin in early childhood or in adolescence and may be mild, moderate or severe (Gascoigne, 2014). The main symptoms of conduct disorder are (a) aggression to people in the form of bullying, threatening, fighting, using a weapon, physical or sexual abuse; or cruelty to animals by showing sadistic behaviors; (b) destruction of property in the form of fire setting, vandalism; (c) deceitfulness, lying, or stealing; and (d) serious violations of rules, such as running away from home, school truancy, or staying out of home despite parental objections. Repeatedly refusing to obey authority figures and parents, propensity to use drugs, including alcohol and cigarettes at a very early age, lack of empathy for others, tendency to run away from home and suicidal tendencies – although these are rarer. Conduct disorder consists of two dimensions, under socialized- socialized and aggressive-nonaggressive, which can be crossed to form four diagnostic categories (Essau, 2003). The symptoms in this type of disorder represent a more severe behavioral transgression that violates the rights of others or what society deems normal (Essau, 2003). Oppositional Defiant Disorder

While not as severe as conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), the child displays characteristics of constant disobedience and hostility. According to "Better Health Channel" (2014), “children with ODD may become angry and easily annoyed or irritated and have frequent temper tantrums” (Oppositional Defiant Disorder). These individuals like to argue frequently with adults, particularly the most familiar adults in their lives such as parents or caregivers, refuse to obey rules, and appear to deliberately try to annoy or aggravate others. Also, those diagnosed with ODD, have low self-esteem, a low frustration threshold, and seek to blame others for any accidents or bad behavior ("Better Health Channel", 2014).

There is no known cause of oppositional defiant disorder, however, the family life seems to play a major role in its development. Some of the environmental factors that are attributed to this disruptive behavior are marital conflict, domestic violence, poor parenting skills (inconsistent or harsh discipline, inadequate supervision, and rejection), physical and/or sexual abuse, poverty, neglect, or substance misuse by parents or caregivers. Attention...

References: Bakken Jeffery P., Obiakar Festus E., Rotatori Anthony F. (2012) Behavioral Disorders; Identification, Instruction and Assessment of Students,
Better Health Channel. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.betterhealthchannel.com.au
Essau, C. (2003). Conduct and Oppositional Defiant Disorders: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Treatment. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Gascoigne, K. (2014). Behavioural disorders in children and young people. Chemist & Druggist, 280(6898), 14-16.
Harwood, V. (2006). Diagnosing 'disorderly ' Children : A Critique of Behaviour Disorder Discourses. London: Routledge.
King, L. (2013). Experience psychology with connect access card (2nd ed.). Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 9780077771416.
Liberty University. (2014). ADHD and Proper Intervention. Retrieved from Liberty University, CCOU 302 D02 website.
McKay, Dean and Storch, Eric. A (2011) Handbook of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders. Bronx, NY
Treasure, J., Schmidt, U., & Furth, E. (2003). Handbook of Eating Disorders / Edited by Janet Treasure, Ulrike Schmidt, Eric Van Furth. Southern Gate, Chichester: John Wiley.
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