Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is
Explain what is meant by the term “dementia” The literal interpretation of the word 'dementia' means deprived of mind. Is usually taken to mean mental deterioration or group of conditions/disorders of brain. Specific diseases eg Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Cerebral Vascular e.g. stroke.
Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Parietal Lobe – language, special awareness, recognition Frontal Lobe - behaviour, movement, personality Occipital Lobe – visual, processing Temporal Lobe - memory, speech, hearing
Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment maybe mistaken for dementia. They have most common/similarities of signs and symptoms but some differences. Same side effect of medication.
Outcome 2 Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia
Outline the medical model of dementia Focus on the disease Focus on diagnosis and treatment of illness
Outline the social model of dementia Focus on individual’s skills, capabilities and achievements retained Person centred approach e.g. recognise individuality, enabling choice, looking at the person as a united whole
Explain why dementia should be viewed as disability. Emotional impairment Physical impairment Impact on relationships Impact on tasks of daily living Impact on communication Environmental factors
Outcome 3 Know the most common types of dementia and their causes
List the most common causes of dementia Korsakoff’s Syndrome Vascular Dementia Aids-related cognitive impairment Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease Dementia with Lewy Bodies Alzheimer’s Disease Progressive Supranuclear Palsy