AP World History
February 5, 2015
Industrial Revolution DBQ
The Industrial Revolution was the turning point of the 19th century, which paved the way for many of today’s modern machines and technologies. Notable advances during the Industrial revolution include steam powered engines, the telegraph, and the telephone. However, human operated machines for producing cloth ade the process of producing textile much more efficient, and soon textile mills were born. the working conditions of the mills and factories, however, were not at all pleasant, especially during the early 18th century. Conditions soon improved during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, However, some mill families and workers still suffer from poor living conditions, low wages, and brutal working hours. Children working in the mills for low wages was not uncommon during the Industrial revolution. However, working there served many dangers to children. Children as young as 10 years old worked in factories. William Cooper, 28, who testified before the Sadler Committee in the early 17th century, described factory conditions.(Document 1) The employees worked extremely long hours, from five in the morning until 9 at night. There was no time to stop for meals except a period of forty minutes, the only break they had out of their 16 hour work day.
They were whipped when found asleep, and missed out on opportunities for an education, as they had no time for schooling. Cooper stated that he can read, but is unable to write. Joseph
Hebergram, another mill worker who testified before the Sadler Committee describe injuries that he and other mill workers sustained from the factories dreary conditions. (Document 2) He suffered lung and bone damage from