DBQ: Topic A: The Ancient Near East
November 24, 2013
During the time of Dynasty 18 in Egypt, many religious, economic, and social connections were created amongst the various regions in the Near East. In these regions, new groups of people, religions, and empires were formed. The Near East helped surface civilization. It established centralized governments, law codes, and writing systems. The Ancient Near Eastern Empires introduced the methods of agriculture, mathematics, and astronomy. These regions introduced and stressed the importance of religion, economical strategies, and social stratifications used for living in the Near Eastern Empires.
In the Near East, the Persian Empire emerged with Cyrus II being the ruler. Cyrus was the King of Persia (Doc. 1). Cyrus the Great had hopes in expanding his territories and flourishing in wealth. One of the most prominent events during the reign of Cyrus was his conquest of Babylon in 539 B.C.E (Doc. 1). However, since the previous king was disliked by many, Cyrus was looked upon as a liberator. According to Cyrus, Marduk the Babylonian god, was the reason Cyrus was able to conquer Babylon with out any violence or fighting (Doc 1). Cyrus was sought out by Marduk, since the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar had begin to slowly loose popularity from his people. Babylonians were unpleased with his actions of persuading them into believing in the Moon-god before all other gods. Being that Marduk was a protector of his people and worshippers, he was determined to find a new ruler who would lead him and Babylon (Doc. 1). Once Marduk had found Cyrus, he demanded all to bow in his presence. Marduk forced Cyrus to march against the city of Babylon. Marduk, along side Cyrus, marched through Babylon with an army who had no weapons present (Doc. 1). This saved Babylon from starting a battle. The Babylonians greeted Cyrus as a master and happily rejoiced since they were finally...
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