CYBER AND CONVENTIONAL BULLYING: A GUIDE FOR COUNSELORS AND COUNSELOR EDUCATOR Prepared by
Benedicta Oani Lascano ED.D RGC
The workshop is designed to provide background information and practical guidelines so that counselors may be more effective in addressing the concerns that result from cyber and conventional bullying. The counselors will also be provide appropriate support and intervention /strategies to help address the problems and to assist individuals who are involved or concerned.
Bill 5248 – known as the “Anti-Bullying Act”
- a policies to address the acts of bullying in the schools. - Authors: Rep Juan Edgardo Angara, Rep. Balocabe, Rep. Garbin and Rep Co. - The bill requires schools to have policies about bullying - The Bill aims to protect all students from irreparable physical, psychological, emotional and mental harm.
- Angara said school policies against bullying should include the enumeration of what constitute bullying
- and issuing a clear prohibition of bully
HB 5248- is a consolidation of the various measures filed in that chamber that will make it mandatory for all elementary and secondary schools to adopt policies to address the act of bullying in their respective institutions. ( Phil. Star, Sept. 22, 2011)
- Under the Bill, bullying refers to any severe or repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression, or a physical act of gesture that cause on another student reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm or damage to his/her property.
The 2005 ACA Code of Ethics stresses that “Counselors actively attempt to understand the diverse cultural backgrounds of the clients they serve” Social networking poses a series of clinical and supervisory questions in the realm of ethics and multicultural issues.
-There is a unique culture in social networking realms with its own set of rules and values. This poses an unusual set of professional and ethical concerns for counselors and counselor educators specifically in the realms of confidentiality, dual-relationships and multicultural issues.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
- has yet to be included in the dictionary
- it was coined based on the term cyberspace (Belsey, 2008) - it involves the use of communication technologies to support, deliberate,
repeated and hostile behavior by an individual or groups that intended to harm
others (Belsey,2008) - It is a willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones and other electronic
devices (Patchin & Hinduja, 2006)
- Use of modern communication technology to embarrass, humiliate, threaten or intimidate an individual in the attempt to gain power and control over them (Stutsky, 2006) - An aggressive, intentional act, carried out by a group or individual, using electronic forms of contact, repeatedly and over time, against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself. (Carvalho & Tippett, 2006)
Cyber bullying -Refer to actions using information and communication technology to harm another person (Bauman, 2011
a) both actions that may not have been deliberate but that cause harm nevertheless b) individual incidents that can reach a wide audience
Things to consider:
The difference in perception is important for counselor to consider when working with those who are involved in cyber bullying 2. Response
- will determine the severity and impact
CONVENTIONAL BULLYING VS CYBERBULLYING
- It is a subset of aggression characterized by intentional harm, repetition and power imbalance. - It is a physical or verbal actions repeated over time...
References: Bauman, Sheri (2011) Cyberbullying:What Counselors Need to Know. American Counseling Association USA
Kowalski, R Limbers. S. & Agatson, P.W. (2008) Cyberbullying. Malden M.A. Blackwell
Olweus, D. (1993) Bullying atSchool:What we know and what we can do. Cambridge, MA. Bllackwell.
Penetrente, Marylendra. (2009) Fight the Bully Battle. Wiseman”s Book Trading Inc. (
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