Culture essay
Topics: Ali, Islam, Caliph / Pages: 5 (1595 words) / Published: Sep 18th, 2014

Culture essay 03 Human life consists of constant conflict, difference of opinions, differences in worldview. Not spared this religion. Muslim religious world as during the time of its existence is different in that it is constantly there is a division, the emergence of new trends and sects. The main reason for this separation can be considered a close relationship in the past, the state and the religious life, worldly ambitions were transferred into the sphere of the spiritual life, supported by a diverse interpretation of the scriptures and the exaltation of "their" prophets.The emergence of Sunnism and Shiism - the major trends in the Islamic world - a striking confirmation of such processes. In this paper, set myself the goal to explore common reasons for the split of the religious world of Muslims, to investigate the origins of Sunnites and Shiites, to give them a description and, in addition, to trace the deeper divisions in the Shiite movement, which, unlike the Sunni, continues to this day constantly crushed to different particles. The Hadith (Muslim scripture) says that Muhammad predicted, after his death, the community split into 73 sects, but only one of them will be saved. He was right: the ummah to remain together for long. Enormous prestige first caliph - Abu Bakr and iron will second caliph - Umar while Muslims held together, but in the third caliph - Usman Ibn al-Affan in the Islamic world, a rift. The word "cult" in the light of Christian culture has a distinct negative connotation. Deviations from orthodox - correctly - is a dangerous road, immoral and deserving of a sharp condemnation. In the Islamic world, the word does not sound so scary. The fact is that Islam is in principle not knowing orthodoxy. The absence of the church, the institution of the priesthood makes every Muslim responsible for their relationship with God and to a certain extent under the responsibility leaves the interpretation of Scripture and Sacred Tradition. Islam

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