Cross-culture communication in Japan
Facts and statistics of the ‘Land of the rising sun’.
Location: Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan/East Sea, east of the Korean Peninsula. Capital: Tokyo
Population: 12,57,30,287 (Aug 2013)
Ethnic Make-up: Japanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914) Religions: observe both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%)
How are Japanese as people?
Japan is a highly structured and traditional society. Great importance is placed on loyalty, politeness, personal responsibility and on everyone working together for the good of the larger group. Education, ambition, hard work, patience and determination are held in the highest regard.
Oral and non-verbal communication patterns.
Proxemics: - which means having one’s own personal space.
Talking about proxemics in Japan, the people do not like the opposite person to come too close to them when greeting. As they feel that he/she is invading their personal space. Chronemics: - which means punctuality of people.
The Japanese are very particular about their time and prefer things to be done in the stipulated time. Delay in timings is never preferable in Japan. Oculesics: - which means eye to eye contact.
Though in the western cultures having an eye to eye contact means a sign of understanding but it is considered disrespectful to stare into another person's eyes, particularly those of a person who is senior to you because of age or status. Haptics: -which means touching one other while greeting.
The Japanese people bow to each other in greeting. They think it rude to touch. Kinesics: - the study of body movements, gestures, facial expressions, Most Japanese maintain an impassive expression when speaking. For e.g. frowning while someone is speaking is interpreted as a sign of disagreement. Sit erect with both feet on the floor. Never sit with ankle over knee. Waving your last finger means a lady or mistress. Hands in your pocket when talking to someone indicates arrogance or laziness.
Written communication patterns.
Japanese English accent: -Generally merging phonemes /r/ and /l/, /b/ and /v/, and /T/ and /s/ are the ones you often notice in Manx Japanese people's accent. Some Japanese tend to insert a vowel where it doesn't belong. Words ending with ‘er’ are stressed. The alphabet ‘t’ is pronounced as ‘toe’. Otherwise their accent is quiet unclear when the try to rush they try not to emphasise and shorten the pronunciation. Japanese writing style: -The most common Japanese writing styles were created during the Edo period, from 1603 to 1868, and are referred to as "edomoji," which means "letters of edo." These writing styles, although created hundreds of years ago, can be seen in Japanese advertising, at traditional art performances and on official and legal documents in the form of stamps and seals. The other forms of writing are.
Kanteiryuu is a lettering style that consists of curving and closely-packed characters. Chouchin moji is the style letters found on Japanese paper lanterns often found outside Japanese restaurants.
Letter formats:- Writing a letter in Japanese is quite the epic topic. It’s sadly not as easy as writing something, stuffing it in an envelope, stamping it, and sending it. Japanese letters require you to think about certain formalities, set expressions, styles of writing, and even relationships between you and the person you’re writing to. It’s so complicated and convoluted that even Japanese people will buy books on the subject so that they can “read up on” and study the latest letter writing rules. In general, there’s going to be three types of letters. They are:
Informal: Friends, Senpai, People below you
Neutral: Teachers, Friends you are requesting something of, Superiors
Format: People you don’t know, Superiors you are requesting something of. Letters...
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