Criminalogy

Topics: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice Pages: 3 (674 words) Published: July 17, 2013
Question #1: List and discuss the subareas of the criminological enterprise.

The criminological enterprise includes such sub-areas as criminal statistics, the sociology of law, theory construction, criminal behavior systems, penology, victimology, conflict view, and interactonist view of crime. Criminologists believe in one of three perspectives: the consensus view, the conflict view, and the interactionist view of crime. The conflict view of crime depicts society aqs a collection of diverse groups- business owners, workers, professionals, and students who are in constant and continuing conflict.

The consensus views of crime are behaviors believed to be repugnant to all elements of society. The laws are thought to be written code that defines crimes and their punishments, reflects the values, beliefs and opinions of society’s mainstream. The term consensus is used because it implies that there is a general agreement among the majority of citizens on what behaviors should be outlawed and viewed as crimes.

The interactionist view of crime holds that people act according to their own interpretations of reality, through which they assign meaning to things; they observe the way others react, either positively or negatively; and they reevaluate and interpret their own behavior according to the meaning and symbols they have learned from others. There is no objective reality and people, institutions, and events are viewed subjectively and labeled either good or evil according to the interpretation of the evaluator.

Question #2: Explain the conflict view of crime.

The conflict view of crime can be summed up by exploring the fundamental causes of crime. It is widely popular that the social and economic forces of society dictate what defines crime. Many believe the criminal justice system and criminal law are thought to be operating on behalf of the rich and power social elites. This assumption is derived by the philosophy to control the poor by...
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