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Crime Rate

By jimpanique Oct 22, 2014 1090 Words

Nais mong maabot lipunang malayaIbig mong makamit kaginhawaan ng madlaPaano mo mararating ang pangarap na itoKung bulag ka sa nangyayari sa paligid moTainga mo nama’y bingi sa karaingan ng taoDi mo pinapansin ang kanilang pagsusumamo.Pananaw mo sa buhay, bakit ba ganyan?Nais mong tumulong ikaw nama’y nag-aalinlanganIkaw ba’y natatakot iyong karapata’y ipaglaban?O iniisip mo lamang ang sarili mong kapakanan?Nasa pagkilos ang ating paglayaHindi sa pangarap at patunga-tungangaKung hindi ngayon kailan paKaya kilos na, baka masayang ka! CYBERCRIME LAW PREVENTION ACT OF 2012

The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, officially recorded as Republic Act No. 10175, is a law in the Philippines approved on September 12, 2012. It aims to address legal issues concerning online interactions and the Internet in the Philippines. Among the cybercrime offenses included in the bill are  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybersquatting" \o "Cybersquatting" cybersquatting, cybersex, child pornography, identity theft, illegal access to data and libel.[ While hailed for penalizing illegal acts done via the Internet that were not covered by old laws, the act has been criticized for its provision on criminalizing libel, which is perceived to be a curtailment in freedom of expression. On October 9, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Philippines issued a temporary restraining order, stopping implementation of the Act for 120 days, and extended it on 5 February 2013 "until further orders from the court." On May 24, 2013, The DOJ announced that the contentious online libel provisions of the law had been dropped.[4]On February 18, 2014, the Supreme Court ruled that section 5 of the law decision was constitutional, and that sections 4-C-3, 7, 12 and 19 were unconstitutional. HISTORY

The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 is the first law in the Philippines which specifically criminalizes computer crime, which prior to the passage of the law had no strong legal precedent in Philippine jurisprudence. While laws such as the Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (Republic Act No. 8792[6]) regulated certain computer-related activities, these laws did not provide a legal basis for criminalizing crimes committed on a computer in general: for example, Onel de Guzman, the computer programmer charged with purportedly writing the ILOVEYOU computer worm, was ultimately not prosecuted by Philippine authorities due to a lack of legal basis for him to be charged under existing Philippine laws at the time of his arrest. The initial draft of the law started in 2002 from the former Information Technology and eCommerce Council (ITECC) Legal and Regulatory Committee chaired by Atty. Claro Parlade and its Information Security and Privacy subcommittee co-chaired by Albert Dela Cruz of PHCERT and Atty. Elfren Meneses of the NBI. ITECC was established under the presidency of Joseph Estrada, and continued during the term of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. It was headed by Secretary Virgilio 'Ver' Peña, the first Chair of the former Commission on Communications and Information Technology (CICT), and was an attempt to harmonize the U.S. Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, the EU Cybercrime Prevention Treaty or Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, Pending House and Senate bills. It was originally known as proposed bill HB377. This was superseded by several cybercrime-related bills filed in the 14th and 15th Congress. The Cybercrime Prevention Act ultimately was the product of House Bill No. 5808, authored by Representative Susan Yap-Sulit of the second district of Tarlac and 36 other co-authors, and Senate Bill No. 2796, proposed by Senator  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgardo_Angara" \o "Edgardo Angara" Edgardo Angara. Both bills were passed by their respective chambers within one day of each other on June 5 and 4, 2012, respectively, shortly after the impeachment of Renato Corona, and the final version of the Act was signed into law by President  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benigno_Aquino_III" \o "Benigno Aquino III" Benigno Aquino III on September 12. PROVISIONS

The Act, divided into 31 sections split across eight chapters, criminalizes several types of offense, including illegal access (hacking), data interference, device misuse,cybersquatting, computer-related offenses such as computer fraud, content-related offenses such as cybersex and spam, and other offenses. The law also reaffirms existing laws against child pornography, an offense under Republic Act No. 9779 (the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009), and libel, an offense under Section 355 of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, also criminalizing them when committed using a computer system. Finally, the Act includes a "catch-all" clause, making all offenses currently punishable under the Revised Penal Code also punishable under the Act when committed using a computer, with severer penalties than provided by the Revised Penal Code alone. The Act has universal jurisdiction: its provisions apply to all Filipino nationals regardless of the place of commission. Jurisdiction also lies when a punishable act is either committed within the Philippines, whether the erring device is wholly or partly situated in the Philippines, or whether damage was done to any natural or juridical person who at the time of commission was within the Philippines. Regional Trial Courts shall have jurisdiction over cases involving violations of the Act. A takedown clause is included in the Act, empowering the Department of Justice to restrict and/or demand the removal of content found to be contrary to the provisions of the Act, without the need for a court order. This provision, originally not included in earlier iterations of the Act as it was being deliberated through Congress, was inserted duringSenate deliberations on May 31, 2012.[8] Complementary to the takedown clause is a clause mandating the retention of data on computer servers for six months after the date of transaction, which may be extended for another six months should law enforcement authorities request it. The Act also mandates the National Bureau of Investigation and the Philippine National Police to organize a cybercrime unit Lyle Harvey Espinas, staffed by special investigators whose responsibility will be to exclusively handle cases pertaining to violations of the Act, under the supervision of the Department of Justice. The unit is empowered to, among others, collect real-time traffic data from Internet service providers with due cause, require the disclosure of computer data within 72 hours after receipt of a court warrant from a service provider, and conduct searches and seizures of computer data and equipment. It also mandates the establishment of special "cybercrime courts" which will handle cases involving cybercrime offenses (offenses enumerated in Section 4(a) of the Act).The Supreme Court of the Philippines declares on February 18, 2014 that the libel provisions of this act is now legal.

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