The Women’s Timeline UK
______________________________________________________________________ 1860s to 1890s
The London Society for Women’s Suffrage is formed to campaign for female suffrage. 1870
The Married Women’s Property Act allows married women to own their own property. Previously, when women married, their property transferred to their husbands. Divorce heavily favoured men, allowing property to remain in their possession. This act allows women to keep their property, married, divorced, single or widowed. 1883
The Cooperative Women’s Guild is founded by Alice Acland and Mary Lawrenson. Its aim was to spread the knowledge of the benefits of cooperation and improve the conditions of women with the slogan "cooperation in poor neighbourhoods". 1888
Clementina Black, Secretary of the Women’s Trade Union League,secures the first successful equal pay resolution at Trades Union Congress 1,400 women at Bryant & May go on strike in protest of the poor wages and dangerous conditions in the matchstick factory.
1900 – 1910
A delegation of women’s textile workers from Northern England present a 37,000 signatory petition to Parliament demanding votes for women. 1903
The Women’s Social and Political Union is founded in Manchester by Emmeline Pankhurst, her daughters Christabel and Sylvia, and Annie Kearney. 1905
Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kearney serve a prison sentence rather than pay a fine after being found guilty of disrupting an election rally. Their prison sentence brought the campaign for votes for women a great deal of publicity and it was soon after that the press coined the term ‘suffragettes’ to describe the more militant campaigners. 1906
The National Federation of Women Workers is set up by Mary MacArthur. 1907
Under the Qualification of Women Act, women can be elected onto borough and county councils and can also be elected mayor. 1908
Two hundred and fifty thousand people gather in Hyde Park, London, in support of women’s suffrage. 1909
The National Federation of Women Workers, along with many of the other women's organisations, campaigned to expose the evils of the sweated trades. Their propaganda was very effective and played a major part in inducing the Liberal government to pass the Trade Boards Act which was an attempt to fix minimum wages in certain of the most exploitative trades, usually the ones in which women predominated.
1910 – 1920
British writer, feminist and composer Ethel Smyth composes the feminist anthem ‘March of the Women’ which is dedicated to Emmeline Pankhurst. 1912
The ‘Cat and Mouse’ Act is enacted in Britain, allowing the government to temporarily discharge women prisoners hunger striking for the vote – until they were fit enough to be imprisoned again. 1913
A massive rally is held in Hyde Park for women’s right to vote, with women travelling from all across the country. 1915
The first Women’s Institute in Britain is founded in North Wales at Llanfairpwll. Thousands of women march in Glasgow in response to the greedy rent increases faced by women whose husbands were at war. Out of this came the Rent Restriction Act which changed the housing system and benefited poor people across the country.
Mary Barbour founds the Women’s Peace Crusade, an anti-war group which sought to create links with a range of women concerned about the war’s effect on families, homes and jobs. 1918
Women over 30 are granted the right to vote in Britain. The Parliamentary Qualification of Women Act is passed, enabling women to stand as MP. Constance Markiewicz becomes the first woman elected to Westminster, representing Sinn Fein. She became involved in radical politics through the suffragette and Irish national movement. She is elected for constituency of Dublin St. Patrick’s as one of 73 Sinn Fein MPs, but, following the line of Sinn Fein politics, declines the position while in prison.
The Sex Discrimination Removal Act...
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