CONSUMPTION AND EXPENDITURE PATTERNS ON DAILY MEALS OF UPLB STUDENTS WHO ARE RESIDING IN DORMITORIES
March 24, 2008
A. Significance of the study
According to John Maynard Keynes, the discussion of consumption and expenditure are important to economics, environmentalism, geographical analysis, and many other fields. In this study, analyzing the food consumption and expenditure patterns of students away from home can be used for future implementation of university policies that would offer financial and other assistances for the students.
During 1998-1999, students in U.K. who are studying independently showed an upward shift in their expenditure pattern on food, bills, and other household expenses. This increase in the students’ expenditure is mostly because of inflation (Callender, 2000). According to Callender (2000), 10% of these students said that they thought about dropping because of financial difficulties while three out of five students who are studying away from home thought that financial difficulties have negative effects on their studies. However, 86% of these students still believe that going to the university would benefit them financially in the long run
With this in mind, students will most likely to perform better in school if they can get some help regarding their financial difficulties. And since these students are away from their families, they resort in foods that are ready-to-eat and easy-to-cook meals which also add to their expenses and can have certain nutritional implication on them.
Palma (2002) said that more and more Filipinos eat less at home. Majority of these people includes working mothers, drivers, and students. According to her, five out of ten Filipinos eat at fast food chains, three to fine dining restaurants, and the rest to bakeshops and small food outlets or what are popularly known as carinderia. Fast foods became popular because it is very convenient for people who have many things to do and so little time to eat.
Hopefully, this study will help address the problem of many students on how to budget their allowances and provide inputs for possible university policies such as financial assistance, loans, and scholarships that will help these students survive with the meager allowances that their parents were able to give.
Also, since the intended population is the students who are living in dormitories, the researcher hopes that this study could help these students become aware of their food intake even though they are away from home. The study intends to help students know the nutritional implications of the food that they consume and help them make good decisions about the kinds of food they will spend their money with. B. Review of Related Literature
There are several studies done that involve consumption and expenditure patterns. Many of these studies focused on the spending and consumption patterns on food of families and countries. The researcher will try to include all the related information possible from the spending pattern of students on food to the kinds of foods they consume.
Spending on food
According to Dolan and Lindsey (1991), majority of a person’s income is spent on food. Since food is a necessity to all of us, consumption of food will always be present – and so as the expenditure since the two are interrelated.
The expenditure pattern of Filipinos on food has changed since 2006 especially those who belong in the bottom 30 percent income group. There has been a tremendous increase in the spending on food of Filipinos. It was found out that 59 percent of all expenditures were on food. This was a huge increase from 48 percent in 2006. This means that for every P100 spent by a Filipino, P59 was spent on food while in 2006, P48 only was spent on food. (Ericta, 2006) In the U.K., students’ spending on essential items such as food increased by 5% for those who are living with their parents and 11% for those who are living away...
Cited: Callender, C. & Kemp, M. (2000). Changing student finances: Income, expenditure and the take-up of student loans among full- and part-time higher education students in 1998/99. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from http://www.dfee.gov.uk/research/.
Palma, A.C. (2002). An Update on the Philippine Fastfood Industry. Center for food and Agribusiness. University of Asia and the Pacific.
(2005). How food (in)secure is the Philippines?. Retrieved February 15, 2008 from http://nnc.da.gov.ph/nutmonth/1999/nm99-5.html
Callender, C. & Kemp, M. (2000). Changing student finances: Income, expenditure and the take-up of student loans among full- and part-time higher education students in 1998/99. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from http://www.dfee.gov.uk/research/.
Dolan, E. & Lindsey, D. (1991). Income Expenditure. Economics. (6th ed., pp.222). Orlando, FL: The Dryden Press.
Drewnowski, A. & Popkin, B.M. The nutrition transition: new trends in the global diet. Nutrition Reviews, 1997, volume 55 (pp. 35-37).
Ericta, C. (2006). Change in spending pattern among Filipino families seen in 2006. retrieved February 15, 2008 from http://www.census.gov.ph/data/pressrelease/2007/ie06tx.html
Nicklas, T.A., et.al. (2006). Children 's food consumption patterns have changed over two decades (1973-1994): The Bogalusa heart study. Retrieved February 14, 2008 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15215772
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