top-rated free essay

Conspiracy Theorists Have Suggested That American Astronauts Did Not Land on the Moon in 1969. to What Extent Is Their Claim Reasonable?

By zzhmj23 Aug 17, 2013 828 Words
Conspiracy theorists have suggested that American astronauts did not land on the moon in 1969. To what extent is their claim reasonable?

The moon landing conspiracy theories claim that some or all elements of the Apollo program and the associated moon landing are hoaxes. Various groups and individuals have made conspiracy claims revolve around a few key issues, the waving flag, the blast craters and the shadows, being cited as evidence in support of the Moon landing conspiracy theories. Although a number of objections against that NASA landed a mission on the moon are claimed by conspiracy theorists, most of them are vague and illogical notions. Actually, queries brought forth by conspiracy theorists have been explained scientifically. This essay attempts to argue the conspiracy claims about moon landing in 1969 are not reasonable.

There are several key issues that cause the moon landing theories to emerge. One of them is that the US flag is waving according to the photos given by NASA. The flag place on the surface by the astronauts fluttered despite there being no wind on the Moon. Conspiracy theorists hold the view that this suggests that it was filmed on Earth and a breeze caused the flag to flutter. However, there is a special metal pole connected to the top of the flagpole vertically so that the flag does not hang down. There is no wind and no air on the moon but there does exist inertia property. The flag fluttered because of the inertia property caused by the astronaut’s motion of insert the flagpole into surface of the moon. Moreover, the videos show that when astronauts let go of the flagpole and walk pass by the flag remains still. This point is a significant demonstration because in an atmospheric environment the astronauts’ motion will cause the air flow which could make the flag vibrate. There is another objection that in the lighting-one source environment the shadow crossing not parallel. Conspiracy theorists address that this suggests that artificial lights were used. Objectors think that the “only light source” should be the sun, actually there are several reflected light sources: the sun, sunlight reflected from the earth, sunlight reflected from the moon, sunlight reflected from the astronauts and the LEM. Shadow on the moon is complicated by reflected light, light from these sources is scattered in many directions. In addition, the uneven ground and dust on the moon make the shadow may appear longer and shorter. Furthermore, if artificial light sources were used, there should not be only one shadow of each object. This theory is debunked on the famous experiment “MythBusters” episode “NASA moon landing”. The experiment also demonstrates that the wide-angle lens distortion leads to inconsistent shadow. Conspiracy theorists also retort that the LEM make no blast craters and the engine does not blast away the footprints. However, no crater should be expected. Since the propulsion system is throttled during the final landing, the LEM is no longer intensively decelerating, so the engine only needs to support the lander’s weight which is lessened by the moon’s gravity. Moreover, the surface of the moon is quite different with the surface of the earth. The lunar surface is very compact below its dust layer, making it impossible for the descent engine to blast out a “crater”. Next discussion is about that the LEM is weight 17tons and make no mark on the moon, yet the footprints have not been blasted away by the engine. Although the lander weighed about 17 tons and the astronauts are much more lighter, but their boots are much more smaller. It is pressure (force per unit area) determines depth of the mark. Finally, there is not air on the moon, as a result the ejection could not cause air flow to blast away the footprints. Only the dust under the LEM would be blast away during the final landing. Not only the claims is illogical, but also there are some proof positive should not be suspected such as since the late 2000s, high-definition photos taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter of the Apollo landing sites have captured the lander modules and the tracks left by the astronauts and the images of the moon released in 2012 showing the Apollo flags still standing on the moon. Therefore, it can be seen that the key issues about the moon landing conspiracy theorists are debunked. The creators of the moon landing conspiracy theories made another deceptive plot that they put forward several arguments which are apparently right but actually wrong. Scientific research and presumption should be based on logical reasoning and experiments rather than empirical methods and subjective conjecture. It has been demonstrated that the claim of the American astronauts did not land on the moon in 1969 is not reasonable. The evidence offered by conspiracy theorists is unscientific and vague, even people who have a basic understanding of the science of the moon can analyze these queries crystally.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Did we land on the moon

    ...first man to set foot on the moon. After a mad dash to beat Russia, America had won the space race at last! Or did they? In the past few years, evidence has come into light to discredit the landing of men on the moon. Like many of my generation, I grew up on the belief that man landed on the moon in 1969. I was 16 before I began to doubt my f...

    Read More
  • The Moon Landing Conspiracy Theory

    ...Conspiracy theories are everywhere. It seems that for every event in to have taken place in history, there is a group of individuals saying that it is a government conspiracy. There are conspiracy theories regarding the 9/11 attacks, presidential assassinations, Area 51, Jimmy Hoffa, the English crown and Elvis. The list is endless. In this ...

    Read More
  • Moon Conspiracy Theory

    ...Moon Conspiracy Theory Did Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Apollo 11 were the first ever to land on the moon or was it a hoax? On July 20, 1969, millions of television viewers around the world watched Neil Armstrong step off the Apollo 11 aircraft to be the first ever to touch the moon. There have been many theories as to what happened th...

    Read More
  • Sending an American Astronaut Back to the Moon

    ...the Moon Never before have so many people been attuned to one event at one time. Millions of people from all across the globe surrounded TV sets and radios to watch and listen in on as the first Earthling took the first steps on the Moon (Nolan). It was on this day in July 1969 that would change the way the world would look at space exploratio...

    Read More
  • The Moon Landing Hoax Conspiracy

    ...The Moon Landing Hoax ConspiracyThe moon landing hoax controversy is still evident after 36 years. On July 20th, 1969 our lives changed forever. This was not due to any disastrous event that took place here on Earth, but an amazing event that took place in the heavens, when the first man walked on that wondrous thing people had gazed at and wond...

    Read More
  • To What Extent Did G

    ...To what extent did opposition to the policy of appeasing Germany increase in Britain in the years 1936-1939? The policy of appeasement had reached its heights by the period between 1936 and 1939. It was felt by many to be the best policy at the time, as it allowed Britain to buy herself some valuable time in order to delay the inevitable war....

    Read More
  • Moon Landing Conspiracy

    ...begins on the 16th of July 1969 which was when the Apollo 11 crew took off from the United States of America and the 20th was when they supposedly landed on the moon. This was also when the conspiracy was erected. It is a conspiracy about an accused moon landing hoax by NASA that involves Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin Aldrin who are...

    Read More
  • Apollo 11 Moon Landing/ Conspiracy Paper

    ...10/Mr. Brown 10 April, 2011 Apollo11 Moon Landing, Was it Just a Fake? Many accomplishments throughout the years, in the United States have formed our country to a nationalist society. On July 20th, 1969, the Mission Control Center in Houston, Texas received the call, “Houston”, whi...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.