Anatomy Paper, Sports Medicine
17 January 2012
Concussions in Soccer
Although often overlooked, concussions can be one of the most serious injuries a soccer player can face in their sports career. Many athletes in contact sports focus on getting playing time and showing others their skills and ignore what their bodies are telling them. Often times, athletes will brush off injuries because they feel it is normal, especially in popular sports such as soccer. Soccer has become the second most popular sport among children and every child will at least kick a soccer ball around at some point in their lives. When it comes to injuries that involve vital organs like the brain, any signs of injury should not be ignored. About one out of ten contact sports players this season will receive a concussion. Many soccer players pride themselves on being strong and can handle anything and always want to show the scouts their foot skills, but a lot of times that thinking gets them in trouble. When left undiagnosed and untreated concussions can cause many more problems down the line that could end an athlete’s career forever. All of this and more is discussed in an article released in Public Heath Reports.
Concussions most commonly occur when extreme force is placed on the cranial cavity. The force can either directly affect the brain, or the brain can be thrown forward and hit the skull. This can cause damage to the brain and neurons. If left unrecognized or untreated a concussion can cause further damage to the brain and its function. Since a concussion cannot be physically seen, many players and coaches do not take seriously the severity of its harm to the body. Many times there are no obvious signs of a concussion other than common pains such as a headache or nausea. Usually when brain or head injuries occur, a scan is taken of the cranial cavity to assess the damage. However, scans such as an MRI, CT, or EEG will not identify a concussion. Most
References: [1.] Healthy People 2000: national health promotion and disease prevention objectives. Washington DC: Government Printing Office; 1991 DHHS pub.no.(PHS)91-50212. [2.] Micheli, LJ. Sportswise: an essential guide for young athletes, parents, and coaches. Boston MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1990. [3.] Chapman, PJ. Concussion in contact sports and importance of mouthguards in protection. Aust J of Sci Med Sport 1985;17:23-27. [4.] Gurdijian ES, Lissner HR, Evans FG, et al. Intracranial pressure and acceleration accompanying head impacts in human cadavers. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1961;113:185-190. [5.] Lephart SM, Fu FH. Emergency treatment of athletic injuries. Dent Clin North Am 1991;35:707-17. [6.] Meadow, D., Lindner, G., and Needleman, H.: Oral trauma in children. Ped Dent 1984;6:248-251. [7.] US Consumer Product Safety Commission: Overview of sports related injuries to persons 5-14 years of age. Washington DC: US Consumer Product Safety Commission, 1981. [8.] Sane J. Comparison of maxillofacial and dental injuries in four contact team sports: American football, bandy, basketball and handball. Am J Sports Med 1988;16:47-51. [9.] Castaldi CR. Eye, face and head protection in sports. Association News 1985;4:52-55. [10.] National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS): Public use file documentation, National Health Interview Survey of Child Health, 1991. Hyattsville MD: National Center for Health Statistics 1992. [11.] Christophersen ER. Improving compliance in childhood injury control. In Krasnegor NA, Epstein L, Johnson SB, Yaffe SJ (eds). Developmental Aspects of Health Compliance Behaviors. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1993, pp. 219-231. [12.] The National Committee for Injury Prevention and Control: Introduction: a history of injury prevention. Am J Prevt Med 1989; 5:4-18. [13.] Perry CL, Barnowski T, Parcel GS. How individuals, environments, and health behaviors interact: social learning theory. In: K. Glanz, F.M. Lewis, B. K. Rimer eds. Health behavior and education. San Francisco CA: Jossey-Bass Publisher 1990;161-186. [14.] American Sports Education Program: Successful coaching. Champaign IL: Human Kenetics 1990;1-237. [15.] Glik D, Kronenfeld J, Jackson K. Predictors of risk perceptions of childhood injury among parents of preschoolers. Health Educ Q 1991;18:285-301. [16.] Shaw WC, Addy M, Ray C. Dental and social effects of malocclusion and effectiveness of orthodontic treatment: a review. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 1980;8:36-45. [17.] Chanby T, Grana W Secondary school athletic injury in boys and girls: a three year comparison. Phys Sports Med 1985;13:106-111. [18.] Morrow RM, Kuebker WA. Sports dentistry: a new role. Dent School Qu UTHSC at San Antonio 1986;2:10-13. [19.] Hodge-Williams V. Testimony presented March 16, 1994. Head Stand 1994;12:3-4,17. [20.] Seals RR, Morrow RM, Kuebker WA, et al. An evaluation of mouthguard programs in Texas high school football. J Am Dent Assoc 1985;110:904-909. [21.] DeYoung A, Godwin W, Robinson E. Comparison of comfort and wearability factors of boil-and-bite and custom mouthguards. Abstract 1390. J Dent Res 1993;72:277. [22.] Kerr IL. Mouthguards for the prevention of injuries in contact sports. Sports Med 1986;3:415-427. [23.] American Dental Association, Bureau of Health Education and Audiovisual Services and Council on Dental Materials, Instruments and Equipment: Mouth protectors and sports team dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 1984;109:84-87. [24.] Kimiecik JC. Who needs coaches ' education? US coaches do. Phys Sports Med 1988;16:124-136. [25.] Ranalli DN, Lancaster DM. Attitudes of college football officials regarding NCAA mouthguard regulations and player compliance. J Public Health Dent 1993;53:96-100. [26.] Adams S. Sports and the courts: action moves from field to courtroom; coaches have defined legal duties. Interscholastic Athletic Administration 1990;17:6-9. COPYRIGHT 1996 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services