Comparison and Contrast between Chinese and English Education Cultures
Comparison and Contrast between Chinese and English Education Cultures 管理学院财务管理
Abstract: The difference between Chinese and British education will bring a huge impact on the will-be overseas Chinese students. By illustrating Chinese and British education culture differences in learning methods, center of class, teaching approaches, and the importance attached to teachers and textbooks, this article aims to provide students who desire to study in the UK with awareness of education culture differences and make good psychological preparations. Key Words: Chinese/ British education cultures; differences; reasons This summer, I took part in the University of Manchester summer exchange program. During the one-month period, I have some understanding about the education of the British education system, educational development and make some comparison combined with practical education in China. 1. Differences
1. 1 The education system
From the management system, our country implements the nine-year compulsory education. In the United Kingdom, 12 years of compulsory education, public schools and church schools (including schools for girls) are free admission. Most private schools offer a better quality of education, so fees are relatively high. Pupils who want to attend university have to carry on their academic study in the sixth form for a further two years and then sit A-levels exams (General Certificate of Education-Advanced). Most pupils try to achieve 3 or 4 A-levels in the subjects they are most proficient at. Since admittance to universities depends largely on A-level results, the two years spent in the sixth form are very important and often very stressful for them. From the examination system, China's implementation is divided by the total score and often inaccessible to students with the expertise thus the universities will refuse the students who have specialties. British universities use different standards to choose students. Such as Oxford University, one major needs four "A" and a "B", another major may need three "A", two "B" and so on. It should be professional needs and personal strengths as the standard, not the total score as the only standard, which is conducive to the development of student life. UK schools focus on the development of one's personalities which is often neglected by Chinese schools. UK school shows more concerns on the student's ability cultivations while Chinese school pays more attention to the grades that a student may achieve. We can feel more freedom in UK school than that in Chinese school. In British’s opinion, education must meet the challenges of a changing world, and in doing so, no student must be left behind. Meanwhile the British education system prepares students for opportunities, responsibilities and the experiences of the adult life they will have in the future. 1.2 Relationship between students and Teachers /books
The bond, and communication, formed between a teacher and student is very important. In Britain, they become friends of a kind and this friendship, and guidance continues long into adulthood. Western teachers constantly move around the classroom and try, every lesson, to talk to each individual student. Teachers also make direct eye contact with students because in the western culture you are not a good person unless you have direct eye contact when speaking to them. Students are encouraged to get up and walk over to the teachers when they have a question or need help. Many Chinese students can not tolerate western students drinking coffee, chewing gum in the class, and even publicly questioning the teacher's point of view. They sometimes doubt of the classic books. Chinese students think these behaviors show no respect for the teachers and books. And our students spend a long time before getting used to calling...
 过小健 从中英教育比较看教育创新 《江南论坛》2006年第9期
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