Norma Jean Smith
His104 World Civilization 11 ABG1007A
The Cold War of the 1900 Century
March 15, 2010
The Cold War of the 1900 Century
The Cold War period lasted from the mid-1940's until the late 1980's. During this period international politics were shaped by this intense rivalry between these two great blocs of power and the political ideologies they represented. The United States and its allies represented democracy and capitalism while the Soviet Union and its allies represented communism. The Cold War was truly a global conflict more so than either of the century's two world wars. The cold war was also the first total war between economic and social systems, an industrial test to destruction. Even though the Cold War Began just after World War II, some of its roots reach back as far as the nineteenth century. Its neighbors have long feared Russia; the giant among the countries in Europe, even when they were allied Russia against a common enemy. This fear came up immediately after Russia, Britain, and other European nations defeated the French Emperor Napoleon in 1812. In 1853 Britain, France and several other European nations went to war with Russia from keeping Russia from expanding into the Middle East. Britain, in fact, took a great deal of its energy during the nineteenth century trying to limit Russian power. By the early twentieth century the United States was also concerned with Russia's power. Although the United States tried to keep out of European disputes, American leaders were concerned about Russia becoming to powerful.
At the conclusion of the WWII war Germany was divided into 4 zones of occupation controlled by Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Berlin, the capital of Germany, was located in the Soviet Union concerning the united of Germany led to the beginning of the Cold War. The term Cold war was first used by an American Financier Bernard Baruch in a congressional debate in 1947. A cold war can be defined as a conditioned of tension and conflict short of an actual war as was the case with American and the Soviet Union. In June 1948 the three allies, France, Great Britain, and the United States, established the German Federal Republic in West Germany, which they controlled. The Soviet Union however, opposed any government run by any western powers and took many measures to prevent this new government from staying power. On June 24, 1948 the soviets began a blockade of all land traffic to the western zone of Berlin, hoping to starve it of supplies and perhaps break down, But the United States, France , and Great Britain, would not break down to the Soviets and so they began to airlift all supplies to West Germany. After about a year on May 12th, 1949 the Soviets realized their defeat and ended the blockade. The United States realized that the soviets expansionist aims threatened not only Europe but developing nations of the world as well. So in 1949 President Truman approved the Point Four Program which put aside nearly $400 million for technical development in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. “Wise still heads an argument that whether or not the cold war was principally a long and misunderstanding war” (Thompson, 2009).
Truman had the idea that if these developing countries would modernize and strengthen their economies the growth of communism would be discouraged. In 1949 the United States joined with 11 other western national in an alliance to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) which provides collective security in Europe and any other part of the world, but the main goal was to contain communism. Shortly after the Soviet Union and seven other European nations joined to forma n opposing alliance under the Warsaw Pact. Now practically the entire world was involved. Truman struck fear into people’s hearts when in September of...
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