Cloning Should Not be Legalized
Human cloning has been a very controversial issue for a number of years. In order to understand cloning better is important to recognize what cloning is. A clone is an exact genetic replica of a DNA molecule, cell, tissue, organ, or entire plant or animal. This may be done through reproductive cloning or therapeutic cloning known as stem cell cloning. (Coalition for the Advancement of Medical Research) Human cloning raises the issues of whether or not a cloned person would in fact be considered a "human" or if they would have the same human rights. This question opens the door to a multitude of violations against humanity and the idea of genetic engineering. Religious groups are arguing that cloning is the next step to playing God, but the need for AIDS cure and other diseases remains urgent. The moral ground on which our society stands has already been affected by cloning and the confusion resulting from the existence of human clones would only add to our current moral dilemma. The ethics, legalities, morality and scientific plausibility are being carefully scrutinized by all segments of the society. At present time there are too many problems associated with cloning, and too many unanswered questions. It is necessary not to legalize cloning to protect the society from the harms it may bring. (BBC) Cloning has been around for billions of years. Nature has been cloning strawberry plants by sending out a runner, a form of modified stem to grow a newly cloned plant. Potatoes, grass, onions and bacteria underwent similar process for generations as well. As technology evolved, other plants began to be artificially breaded and cloned. (Commonwealth of Australia) The recent success in animal cloning has sparked fierce debates amongst religious groups about how human cloning is taking a major step towards playing God. However, several religious groups contradict this statement. Some Jewish and Muslim religious leaders testified before the National Bioethics Advisory Commission that they feel that embryo and cloning research might provide discoveries that will counter infertility and other related problems (Americans for Medical Progress Educational Foundation). The Raëlian Religion that has over 50,000 members in over 84 countries, and cloning plays a significant part in their beliefs. They believe that cloning technology is the first step in the quest for eternal life. (BBC) Raël, the founder of the Raëlian said, "Cloning will enable mankind to reach eternal life. The next step, like the Elohim do with their 25,000 years of scientific advance, will be to directly clone an adult person without having to go through the growth process and to transfer memory and personality in this person. Then, we wake up after death in a brand new body just like after a good night sleep!" (qtd. in BBC) These religious leaders clearly indicate that they support cloning. There are also 850 million people that are secular, non-religious, agnostic, and atheist that must be taken into account (Adherents). They do not believe in a God or multiple Gods, or religion just may not play a significant part in their lives. According to Survey2001, sponsored by the National Geographic Society and the National Science Foundation, out of 333 extremely non-religious individuals surveyed, 51.4 percent were for cloning research and more than half opposed passing a law against cloning. (Bainbridge). Based on the survey, this means that over 425 million non-religious people support cloning research. It is important to look at the general picture when trying to understand the concept of cloning and who will be influenced by it the most. All of the laws are established to better the society as a whole, rather then looking at a single individual or a small group of individuals. There are hundreds of minor religious groups and when looking at world population that is in billions, religious groups such as Raëlian followers are not...
Cited: Adherents. Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents. 2002.
6 December 2004
Bainbridge, William Sims. Religious Opposition to Cloning. 2003.
7 December 2004
Coalition for the Advancement of Medical Research. Frequently Asked Questions About SCNT (Therapeutic Cloning). 2003. 13 November 2004
Commonwealth of Australia
Dr. Dixon, Patrick. Reasons Against Cloning. 2002. 6 December 2004
Eibert, Mark D
Institute of Philosophy and Public Policy. Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning. 1999. 5 December 2004
Robinson, B. A. Therapeutic Cloning. 2000. 6 December 2004
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