Claude Monet

Topics: Impressionism, Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir Pages: 2 (611 words) Published: January 6, 2013
Claude Monet
Claude Monet was a French painter. Monet was born in Paris on November 14th 1840. He spent his youth in Le Havre as his father worked as a grocer there. Claude Monet was the leader of the 19th century impressionist art movement. Monet preferred to paint outside, directly from nature. Nearly all of his work shows his admiration to capture on canvas the changing effects of lights. Impressionism, as developed by Monet, sought to capture the fleeting, momentary aspects of nature, especially to convey the atmospheric effects of light. As he pursued this goal, his technique became increasingly free, causing critics to remark that the paintings looked unfinished. Instead of mixing colours on his palette, Monet applied separate strokes of pure, unmixed colour directly to the canvas. The method produced a shimmering, vibrating effect that simulated the effects of natural light. In his last paintings, the ‘Water Lilies' (1900–26), nature as a subject began to be less significant than colour. Then in 1859 Monet went to Paris to begin the serious study of art. However, he spent most of his time in a cafe which was visited often by many other artists. . In 1862, after an interval of military service, he returned to Paris and entered the studio of Charles Gleyre. There he met Pierre Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, and Jean-Frédéric Bazille. Soon, however, the four left Gleyre, and Monet led them on an expedition to the Fontainebleau Forest, where he introduced them to open-air painting. After gaining acceptance into the Salons of 1865 and 1866, Monet suffered a series of reversals. He was deep in debt, and his huge painting ‘Women in the Garden' was rejected at the 1867 Salon. That same year his mistress, Camille Doncieux, gave birth to their first child, a son, Jean. Without a permanent home or an income, Monet lodged with friends and borrowed what money he could. At times he was even too poor to buy paint or canvas. In 1870 Claude and Camille were married. Their...
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