Anna Patricia R. David
Clash of Civilizations
The world was returning to a civilization-dominated world where future conflicts would originate from clashes between ‘civilizations’. The thesis of Huntington outlines a future where the “great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of the conflict will be cultural” (Huntington, 1993). Huntington divides the world’s culture into seven current civilizations and those are the western, Latin American, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, and Slavic-Orthodox (Huntington, 1993). In addition, he considers Africa as just a possible civilization because of the development of African consciousness. The civilizations mentioned are defined primarily by religion. Huntington hypothesized that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic instead, the great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural (Huntington, 1993). These days where the time of globalization is accompanied with fast changing world situation in human history, the Clash of civilizations is a paradigm, which is used to describe contemporary world pattern
Huntington mentioned that the nation states will remain the most powerful actors in the world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations and the clash of civilizations will dominate global politics and also, the fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future.
In the thesis clash of civilization, Huntington defined civilization as a cultural entity. Villages, regions, ethnic groups, nationalities, religious groups, they all have distinct cultures at different levels of cultural heterogeneity meaning, one group is relatively dissimilar from other group’s beliefs and ideas. Huntington’s clash of civilizations is mainly based on analyzing the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document