Chapter 3 solution
1. Examples are:
(a) Payment of an accounts payable.
(b) Collection of an accounts receivable from a customer.
(c) Transfer of an accounts payable to a note payable.
2. Transactions (a), (b), (d) are considered business transactions and are recorded in the accounting records because a change in assets, liabilities, or owners’/stockholders’ equity has been effected as a result of a transfer of values from one party to another. Transactions (c) and (e) are not business transactions because a transfer of values has not resulted, nor can the event be considered financial in nature and capable of being expressed in terms of money.
3. Transaction (a):
Accounts Receivable (debit), Service Revenue (credit).
Cash (debit), Accounts Receivable (credit).
Supplies (debit), Accounts Payable (credit).
Delivery Expense (debit), Cash (credit).
4. Revenue and expense accounts are referred to as temporary or nominal accounts because each period they are closed out to Income Summary in the closing process. Their balances are reduced to zero at the end of the accounting period; therefore, the term temporary or nominal is given to these accounts.
5. Andrea is not correct. The double-entry system means that for every debit amount there must be a credit amount and vice-versa. At least two accounts are affected and debits must equal credits. It does not mean that each transaction must be recorded twice.
6. Although it is not absolutely necessary that a trial balance be taken periodically, it is customary and desirable. The trial balance accomplishes two principal purposes:
(1) It tests the accuracy of the entries in that it proves that debits and credits of an equal amount are in the ledger.
(2) It provides a list of ledger accounts and their balances which may be used in preparing the financial statements and in supplying financial data about the concern.
7. (a) Real account; balance