top-rated free essay

changes and continuities essay ap world

By brunoa21 May 04, 2014 832 Words
The social and economic transformations varied between Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas in the Atlantic Ocean between 1492 and 1750. When Spain sent Columbus to get spices from India, he landed in the Americas and mistakenly called the people there Indians. New Worlds were being discovered between those three masses and the population was escalating due to the slave trade and booming economy, and the industrial production advanced from man-made to machine-made. Western Europe is the sum of an abundance of positive outcomes from their interaction with the Atlantic world. Although all these different changes took place, the Atlantic World’s agriculture continued to increase their capacity of material and Native Americans stayed in their tribes and followed their own cultures.

Because of all the new contacts that were being identified, all the new things that were being traded, like new foods and materials being bartered for, led to improving the economy among the Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas. In the Americas, European Colonists were searching for valuables like gold and silver, as well as farming land for crops. These goods would then be used for their own use or for trading. Columbus attempted to sail towards India by going west, which in that time, was a very outrageous idea and the logic behind it was not accepted by many, especially the Portuguese. Columbus landed in America in 1492, and John Cabot soon followed after him. As Cabot founded Newfoundland, Cabral discovered what is now Brazil. At this time, the Columbian Exchange was introduced between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres following the voyage by Columbus. It was a widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable disease, technology , and ideas. This exchange circulated a wide variety of new crops and livestock which supported increases in population in both hemispheres. Maize, potatoes, and tomatoes were introduced to Europe as manioc and peanuts were introduced to tropical Asia and West Africa. The invasion of the Americas impacted Europe positively as they started to mine useful/valuable metals as well as cash crops. The triangle trade connected imports and exports of different goods mainly between North America, Africa, and Europe transforming the Atlantic World’s economy into a enormous trading booth since the countries had so many new goods to trade and receive. An important part of the triangular trade that changed all three of the land masses’ economy was the Atlantic slave trade, which was a giant factor in the circulating movement of the trade. People started using crops more as they became available and as agriculture became a necessity in an everyday life, the need for people to work those menial jobs became a priority. Africa exported slaves to the West Indies and to North America, and thus maintained their place in the Atlantic trade.

Socially, Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas were transforming due to the contact of foreigners. Their populations expanded from all the new items that were being traded; hence, the social triangle in Africa and the Americas drastically changed with the adoption of agriculture. Africans were imprisoned and sold off as slaves, resulting in the separation of family members and tribe leaders selling their own tribe members for money and weapons. Slaves became a cheap and useful tool to improve the economy, and trade started to widen their scope to places like China, who traded textiles and ceramics with Europe. Africa also received diseases from their contacted foreigners, causing the death of millions of people, as well as some new technology and culture. Prices for many products went down due to crops and labor in the Americas and textiles were built causing the price of clothes to go down as well as creating jobs. All of these positive outcomes resulted in the industrialization of Europe, as they benefited from sucking out gold and other wealth-creating packages from the European colonists in the Americas. Although the relocation of the Native Americans drove them out of their own land, they continued to follow their tribes’ cultures and were not affected truly until more colonists landed in the Americas.

The Atlantic World was constantly transforming between 1492 and 1750 because of the slave trade, as well as the invasion of the Americas. Slaves took over the hassle of taking care of the crops that were being grown and the chores in the house as well. Because the slave trade assisted in the three lands’ economies, it allowed for a more efficient agricultural production as well. If the Americas had not been invaded by the European colonists however, there would have been no such thing as the “triangle trade.”

The Atlantic World was kept alive because of the variety of crops in agriculture. Agriculture was assisted by the slave trade, which in turn helped the trade of crops to speed up and hence from the demand, helped out the slave trade even more. Although these things were positive chain reactions in the Atlantic World, the Bubonic Plague spread quickly and killed millions of people worldwide.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • AP World essay prompts

    ...Strayer AP Practice Essay Prompts Chapter 1 and 2 1. Analyze the continuities and changes that resulted from the spread of agriculture beginning around 10,000 years ago to 5000 years ago. 2. Compare the interaction between humans and the environment between two of the following types of societies between 3000 B.C.E. a. Hunter-gather b. ...

    Read More
  • West African Change & continuity essay

    ...Ghana also traded ivory and slaves for horses and salt, which was especially important for survival in the tropics. Ghanaian kings used these taxes to finance large armies to protect their sources of gold, to maintain order throughout the kingdom, and to defend Ghana from nomadic invasions across the Sahara. By about the tenth century, the kings...

    Read More
  • ap world

    ...AP® WORLD HISTORY 2007 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2—Continuity/Change Over Time BASIC CORE (competence) 0–7 Points 1. Has acceptable thesis. 1 Point • The thesis correctly specifies both change and continuity in the formation of national identity in the region of the Middle East, Southeast Asia, OR Sub-Saharan Africa from 19...

    Read More
  • AP World

    ...swords. Great leaders like Samudragupta and Chandragupta II understood the need for combined armed tactics and proper logical organization which is why Gupta’s army was powerful and dominant. Gupta military success came from the constant use of elephants, armored cavalry, and foot archers against both Hindu kingdoms and foreign armies. The Gup...

    Read More
  • Ap World Essay Prompt

    ...Indian Ocean, African civilizations were able to form, even Western Europe was able trade with Southeast Asia and Africa to come out of the dark ages through trade. Trade helped revive Western Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire. After the Roman Empire collapsed all societies were disconnected and there was no order. However, these soci...

    Read More
  • Continuity and Change-over-time-essay

    ...There were many changes that Europe underwent in their mindset. These changes occurred over a 300-year period, from 1450 to 1750. There were both changes in religion and other things, such as politics and core subjects. There were two main religions in Europe. These were characterized as Catholic and Protestant. Both parties were dedicated to th...

    Read More
  • World Essay spec

    ...Patrick Backlas 3/16/15 Ap World 3rd Hr Compare/Contrast Essay During the time period of 155-1850 racial ideologies were very prevalent in North America as well as in Latin America and the Caribbean. North American and Latin American and Caribbean racial ideologies were similar in that they both utilized slaves and they treated the nati...

    Read More
  • AP World History comparetive essay

    ...Comparative Essay- William Wilson 10.18.14 What are the differences, similarities between the Paleolithic and Neolithic human eras? In this essay we will unfold how each group survived, lived, created, traveled and died. The Paleolithic Era or Old Stone Age, is a period of prehistory from about 2.6 million years ago to around 10,00...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.