top-rated free essay

Castros Regime

By Jacqueline1966 Apr 16, 2013 1434 Words
Cuba and Castros Coming to Power
In: Historical Events
Cuba and Castros Coming to Power
History Essay – Fidel Castro
Castro’s Social Policies
After coming to power in 1959 with the aim of making radical change to the country. He promised to end inequality, corruption and the economic dependency on USA. With these aims, he implemented economic policies to generate economic growth. The ups and downs of Cuba’s economic performance had not affected the state’s considerable investment in social reform, foreign aid and military involvement. Underpinned by long term credit and trade agreements with USSR, the Cubans had achieved standards of health and literacy rivaling those of developed countries. After his coming to power, Castro had managed to reduce the infant mortality rate, a yardstick of development of development from 60 per thousand live children in 1958 to 13.2 in 1980. On the eve of the revolution there had been one doctor for 5,000 Cubans, whereas thirty years later there was one per 400. Average life expectancy had risen from 74 to 57 and only 2 percent of the population was illiterate compared to 24 percent in 1958. All children of primary school age now attended schools whereas only 56 percent had done so before the revolution. The bare figures conceal the extent of social and economic change in Cuba. Castro’s reform aimed to introduce social justice and allow all sectors of society to have equal oppurtunities. Reforms in health, education and the treatment of women and of minorities were implemented among other areas. Some of these reforms clashed with Cuban traditions and culture. Hence, arts played a fundamental role in designing a new Cuban culture in which for instance, the role of women as workers was implemented and promoted. Castro’s social policies had their main targets as women and education. It evaluated the part played by FMC and the literacy campaign to change the status of women and promote education. One of the most significant changes brought about by the Cuban Revolution has been to the lives and status of women. One of the most significant changes brought about by the Cuban Revolution has been to the lives and status of women. Before 1959 the role of most Cuban women resembled that of other women in the patriarchal societies of Latin America where there existed rigid stereotypes and a division of roles between the sexes in the home and in society. The undisputed role of a woman was that of wife and homemaker in a family headed by her husband or partner. Women enjoyed few rights and were expected to sacrifice not just their academic potential and broader interests, but also their health and happiness in order to ensure the stability and wellbeing of the family. In cases of maltreatment by men, despite the existence of laws forbidding such treatment, women were given minimal support by the police and the legal establishment. The status of women in Cuba by 1959 was different from that in many latin American countries. They were only given right to vote in 1934. The 1940 constitution also granted them equality before the law where women could not be discriminated against a work and were to receive equal pay for work. Although women were allowed to vote, study, ad even sue for divorce, pre-revolutionary Cuba remained in many ways a traditional society. Only a few occupations like teaching and nursing were considered to be appropriate for women in the pre-revolutionary years. They were victims of discrimination at work as the jobs with greater pay and responsibility went to men. Hence in the middle and upper classes, men preferred women to stay at home. The defense to the rights of women at work was largely a response to Cuba’s economic needs. Castro had an aim to achieve modernization and industrialization and to do so women were needed to produce record harvests, woman needed to join the workforce. New legislations were passed reinforcing the equal rights of men and women to access all types of jobs. They were offered training at technical and professional levels. They had entered the fields which were men dominated, such as construction, biotechnology and IT. In villages the Agrarian reforms had offerd women the opportunity for work in areas like driving and repair of equipment. To facilitate this change and support the women, Castro facilitated the opening of an increasing numbers of daycare centers for working women to help them join the work force. Under Castro, women were expected to work for long hours in the agricultural fields leaving alone their homes and families for long intervals however this most often made conflicts with their husbands. To solve this problem, Castro came up with a new family code which stipulated equality of both the sexes at home and work. Men were expected to share their household duties and the education of children. Despite this Castro had to admit that the presence of women on work fields was always lower than expected. The policies made by Castro were aimed towards encouraging of equality of women seem to have been focused more towards increasing the workforce than gender equality. More than 600,000 Cubans who were idle migrated from the island in 1960’s and hence to fill up the vacancies, women were brought n picture. They were trained for these works which they had denied before and they also played an important part in education and health campaigns. Cuba in the Batista’s regime had acess to only limited education that too in varied geographical regions, being more restricted in the rural arean and the ghettos of the poor. Hence it was also limited by economic status. In the years preceding 1959, Cuba had the highest ill-literacy rates in ltin America. It had reached a peak of 24% in children under 10 years. Public education was nil, there was no infrastructure or presence of teachers to provide satisfactory quality of educstion while the acess of university was limited to the privelliged classes. Castr in the sierra time had promised the resurrection of illiteracy within a year for which he needed to solve two initial barrios, the lack of infrastructure and that of teachers. Castro had declared 1961 as the year of education when the rebel army personally taught the illiterate and had launched the famous slogan “If you don’t know; learn, if you know; teach”. Due to the shortages of school buildings, Castro transformed military barracks into educational complexes and many new schools were built all along the city, focusing in the rural and undeveloped areas. Between 1959 when Fidel began his policy of school expansion and 1962 more schools had been developed than in the past history of 8 years of Cuba. In the following years, Castro implemented a training programme for 271,000 teachers. To reach all areas, they were sent all across the counry to teach people at their homes. Literate citizens were turned into “literate voulenteers” in free time. Each one was dressed in olive green uniforms and were sent to country sideto teach the peasents. In the year of 1962, illiteracy dropped by 4%. The success of the campaign was spectacular and as such it increased the hopes in revolution. The aim of the literacy campaign had been twofold. First, it sought to fight illiteracy among the poor ans second, it aimed to make middle-classs youth illiterate youth familiarize themelves with the living conditions and the hardships of the poor, and to act in response to the values of the revolution; self service and sacrifice for the state. * Words: 1258

* Pages: 6
* Highlight Text
* Print Paper
* Saved
* Report this Essay
Similar Documents
* Cuba And Castros Coming To Power
* The Consolidation Of Fidel Castro’s Power Between 1959 And1961 Was More Of a Result Of Domestic Issues Rather Than United States Economic Policies. * Fdi Risk Analysis Of Cuba
* Power Politics
* Three Days In Cuba For Pope Benedict Xvi
* Guantanamo Bay
* Chomsky
* Bush
* How China Rises
* Treasures
* The United States Political And Economy
* American Expansionism And Imperialism In The Late Nineteenth Century * Domino's Sizzles With Pizza Tracker
* Hispanic American Diversity
* The Reagan Doctrine
* Politics
* Worlds Scerets
* Ap Euro Notes
* Containing Communism Through Cia Covert Operations
* To What Extent Was Hitler's Economic Policy Coherent?
There are no comments for this essay yet. Be the first to post one Add Comment
Top of Form
1. Grade:
* 1
* 2
* 3
* 4
* 5
| | |
| | |
| Type the two words:
| | | | |
| | | | | |
| | | | | |
| | | | | |
Bottom of Form
* chango(4)
* My Account
* Help
* Logout
RSS ©2012
* Privacy Policy
* Terms of Service
* Copyright Information
* Contact Us
* Help
* Advertise With Us

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Political Regime

    ...Compare the Political Regime Type in China And the United States. Which of Two Would You Prefer to Do Business in and Why? SUN XIN POLI3001 Organizations, Politics & Society Tutorial time: Monday in each week, 5pm Tutor: Keith Ng Due date: 18th February 2011 Essay format Essay Introduction Everything has its two sides, so a...

    Read More
  • Castro

    ...Fidel Castro Castro in front of a Havana statue of Cuban national hero José Martí in 2003. First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba In office July 1961 – April 19, 2011 Deputy Raúl Castro Preceded by Blas Roca Calderio Succeeded by Raúl Castro 15th President of Cuba In office December 2, 1976 – February 24, 20...

    Read More
  • Poli3001 Political Regime China and the Usa

    ...Essay Question: Briefly compare the political regime type in China and the United States. Which of the two would you prefer to do business in and why? (If you want to you may specify the business) POLI 3001 – Short Essay Within all nation-states, a political regime is imposed which attempts to protect the individual interests...

    Read More
  • Fidel Castro

    ...Fidel Castro “Analyse the involvement of Fidel Castro in creating a Revolutionary Cuba” Fidel Castro was born on August 13, 1926, near his father‘s farm in Biran, in southeast Cuba. Castro’s father was an immigrant from Spain, who had provided for the family through sugarcane farming. Castro spent most of his younger years on his famil...

    Read More
  • Castro Rise the Power

    ...Castro Rise The Power Dr. Fidel Castro Ruz became involved with political protests as a young student. After Batista's coup in 1952, he went to court and tried to have the Batista dictatorship declared illegal. However, his attempt to peacefully bring down the Batista government did not work, and so in 1953, Castro turned toward...

    Read More
  • Fidel Castro & the Dangers of Tyrannical Governments

    ...2010 Fidel Castro and the Dangers of Tyrannical Governments Over the course of history it has been the fate of many nations to fall under the rule of tyrannical governments. Tyrannical governments are one of the biggest threats to human rights. There are a few forms of governments which can be considered “tyrannical”, one of which would ...

    Read More
  • Contributing Factors to the Rise of Fidel Castro

    ...Contributing Factors to the Rise of Castro On the first day of 1959, President Fulgencio Batista of Cuba boarded a plane to leave his country forever, surrendering Cuba’s government to a force of revolutionaries lead by Fidel Castro. The country was soon a host to one of the most hostile moments in the Cold War, the Cuban Missile cri...

    Read More
  • What Major Events in the Cold War Caused Fidel Castro to Side with the Soviet Union Super Power?

    ...What major events in the Cold War caused Fidel Castro to side with the Soviet Union Super Power? In the 1960’s the world was largely dominated by the Cold War which was a long period of tension and hostility that only occasionally broke out into open warfare. This conflict was caused by the rivalry of two superpowers - the United States and...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.