# Bus 640 Week 1, Assignment 1

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Bus 640 Week 1, Assignment 1
1. A generous university benefactor has agreed to donate a large amount of money for student scholarships. The money can be provided in one lump-sum of \$10mln, or in parts, where \$5.5mln can be provided in year 1, and another \$5.5mln can be provided in year 2.

a) Assuming the opportunity interest rate is 6%, what is the present value of the second alternative?
According to Douglas, "a dollar received in the present period is worth more than a dollar received in a future period" (2010, ch. 1.4). The reasoning behind this is that an amount received today can be deposited into a bank and earn interest. Therefore an amount received in a year, for example, is valued less today, and conversely, an amount received today is valued to be more in a year from now.
For this scenario, using the formula, PV=FVn/(1+r)n for the present value where n represents number of years in the sequence and r represents the rate, which in this case is the opportunity rate of 6%, the present value of the second alternative is \$10,070,000. The calculation for this equation is PV(\$10m) = \$5.5m/(1.06) + \$5.5m/(1.06)(1.06) = \$5.18m + \$4.89m = \$10,070,000.

b) Which of the two alternatives should be chosen and why?
Using the present value method, I would chose the second alternative as it would net an extra \$70,000 that could be put to very good use at the University.

c) How would your decision change if the opportunity interest rate was 12%? My decision would definitely change if the opportunity rate was 12% instead of 6% because the present value of the second alternative would change to \$9,290,000. The calculation would be PV(\$10m) = \$5.5m/(1.12) + \$5.5m/(1.12)(1.12) = \$4.91m + \$4.38m = \$9,290,000.

2. An angel investor is considering investing in one of two start-up businesses and is evaluating the expected returns along with the risk of each option in order to choose the better alternative. * Business 1 is an innovative protein energy drink, which has ENPV of

References: Douglas, E. (2012). Managerial Economics (1st ed.). San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

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