Bullying can be defined as a distinctive pattern of harming and humiliating others deliberately. It is serious issue faced by many people, and if not well taken care of can leave a child living in complete fear. This follows from the fact that it is abusive, destructive, and intolerable to exist either at home or in school. As a matter of fact, bullying can bring about lifelong psychological effects that may require therapy to overcome. In extreme cases, bullying can get so much into the victim that they may at times choose to take away their own lives just to escape it. Generally, no one is born a bully but life situations turn some people into bullies out of being helpless or having fallen victims of the same. It is therefore helpful to recognize bullies’ behavior as well as signs of the would-be victims as soon as signs start to show so that immediate help can be extended towards them. However, since bullying takes different forms each day, it is difficult to control it and protect the victims. It is also not clear as to under what motivation bullies carry out their acts or why certain people become easy target of bullies more than others. This paper focuses on bullying and its effects as well as the psychological aspect behind it. Forms of Bullying
Bullying normally consist many different forms of behaviors. It may either be physical, verbal, online, or even in form of intimidation. Physical bullying involves any type of physical violence regardless of how small it is, and makes up about 30% of school bullying. A victim of physical bullying may experience beatings or a simple action of sticking out one’s foot and tripping them. Victims of verbal bullying on the other hand are called names, teased, made fun of, or even issued with threats of violence. This form of bullying is the most common and constitutes about 45% of the incidents in schools. On intimidation form of bullying, the bully issues...
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Slee, P. T. (1993). Bullying: A Preliminary Investigation Of Its Nature And The Effects Of Social Cognition. Early Child Development and Care, 87(1), 47-57.
Sutton, J., Smith, P. K., & Swettenham, J. (1999). Bullying And 'Theory Of Mind ': A Critique Of The 'Social Skills Deficit ' View Of Anti-Social Behaviour. Social Development, 8(1), 117-127.
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