Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. The religious philosophy of Buddhism is contained in the first sermon of Buddha at Sarnath, near Varanasi. The essence of Buddhism is contained in Gautama Buddha’s teachings which consist of Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. The four noble truths are:
1. The world is full of suffering.
2. Suffering is caused by human desires.
3. The renunciation of desires is the path of salvation.
4. Salvation can be attained easily by following the Eightfold Path which constitute the following:
I. Right belief
II. Right thought
III. Right speech
IV. Right action
V. Right means of livelihood
VI. Right meditation
VII. Right effort
VIII. Right remembrance or memory.
The Eightfold Path was described as the middle path
luxuries of ordinary life and the extreme austerity
Middle -Path, one can attain the ultimate goal life
peace and bliss, freedom from all worldly evils and
cycle of birth and death.
lying between the excessive
of Jainism. By following the
which is Nirvana, the eternal
desires as well as from the
According to the Buddha, Nirvana means a peaceful state of mind in which all desires become completely extinct. This state of mind makes a person free from the cyclic chain of birth and death.
Just like Hinduism and Jainism, Buddhism also recognizes the Law of Karma. Buddha believed that man is the maker of his own destiny. If he does good deeds in this life, he will be reborn in a higher form of life, and so on till he attains salvation from the circle of births. On the other hand, evil deeds are sure to be punished. Thus man is advised to follow the middle path.
Buddhism has also attached importance to sanctity of life laying stress on love, compassion and non- injury to living creatures in thought, word and deed. Buddhism strongly puts forward the fact that the whole universe is controlled by Dharma, a universal law.
Buddha was silent about the existence of God though he never denied it....
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