In the UK there was still a lot of bitterness over the war – the huge memorial at Thiepval had been started in 1928 and was not finished by the time the Young Plan was signed. The Menin Gate in Ypres was only finished in July 1927. So the scars of World War One were still very raw in the UK and with an election due in 1929 no one political party wanted to be seen as being ‘soft’ on Germany. However, the persuasive pull of the USA was strong – hence why the plan was adopted. 1) 12 million people out of work
2) 12,000 people being made unemployed every day
3) 20,000 companies had gone bankrupt
4) 1616 banks had gone bankrupt
5) 1 farmer in 20 evicted
6) 23,000 people committed suicide in one year - the highest ever "It is not the function of the government to relieve individuals of their responsibilities to their neighbours, or to relieve private institutions of their responsibilities to the public." Hoover.
There was no prospect at all of Britain and France risking their navies or armies in war with Japan. Only the USA and the USSR would have had the resources to remove the japanese from Manchuria by forces and they were not even members of the league. Germany unhappy that other countries, especially France, were unwilling to disarm to their level (determined by the ToV) France felt a militarily inferior Germany was the only insurance that a serious conflict like the previous war would not occur again, and so hoped to keep Germany weak France built the Maginot Line 1929-1939 along the border of the Rhineland Reflected its insecurity, suspicion and distrust in Germany and the treaty – showed France did not trust these treaties to succeed in their aim France wanted protection and security from USA and Britain, but did not receive it as: French and British did nothing. Britain was still recovering from the Depression which had devastated her economy. She could not afford a conflict. The French preferred a defensive policy against a potential German threat...
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