Biological Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Human behavior, Clinical psychology Pages: 4 (1031 words) Published: July 5, 2010
Abstract
Biology psychology is the study of how the structure, evolution, growth, and chemsitry of living things control, define and affect human behavoir.

Biopsychology includes neuropsychology (your actual brain functioning and structure); and also the effects of hormones, drugs, diet etc on human behavoir and cognition. It is reductionist, very scientific and objective, and assumes all people are very similar (share universal mechanisms). Yes it uses animals sometimes - but usually in brain scans, drugs tests etc. - just studying animal behavoir compared to humans is comparative psychology. Biopsychology may also include such separate areas as neuropsychology, and evolutionary psychology. Also known as biopsychology and psychobiology. A great deal of experiments have been done in the area on non-human species only, such as rats and monkeys. As a result, the critical assumption in biopsychology is that organisms share biological and behavioural similarities. Biopsychology also has similarities to neuropsychology which relies heavily on the study of behavior of humans with nervous system dysfunction. Biopsychology deals with mental processes and behaviours that are shared, such as, sensation, perception, control of movement, emotion and learning and memory.

Biological Psychology

Biological psychology or neuropsychology applies the physiological principles to the study of behavior and psychological principles to the field of medicine (Schultz & Schultz, 2004). The idea that the mind and body work in unison and that this unison should be used in medical and psychological treatments physical dates back to the times and work of Hippocrates, Avicenna, Paraclesus and Galen. Each of these early practitioners saw man as the combination of interactions between the mind and body. They recognized the need to identify illness and disease as a result of this connection. To treat the entire individual and reach the goal of optimal health, not just the state of...

References: Cromie, W. (2002). Meditation: Changes temperatures: Mind controls body in extreme experiments.
Harvard University Gazette. Retrieved on June 21, 2010 from http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2002/04.18/09-tummo.html
Rice, R.D. (1986). The mind-body spirit connection: Ancient and modern healing strategies for a traumatic birth and the sick newborn. Pre-and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, 1(1). Retrieved on June 21, 2010 from http://www.birthpsychology.com/healing/rice.html
M.R., Breedlove, S.M., & Leiman, A.L. (2001). Biological Psychology: An Introduction to Behavioral, Cognitive, and Clinical Neuroscience, Third Edition Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates
Schultz, D.P. & Schultz, E.S. (2004). A history of modern psychology. Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education.
Wickens, A.P. (2005). Foundations of Biopsychology (2nd ed.). New York: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
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