Assignment 1 Native American Indian Tribes 7 20 2014

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, United States, Indigenous peoples of the Americas Pages: 16 (3415 words) Published: January 25, 2015
Native American Indian Tribes; The Evolution and Desemation Of Kirk Dellinger
HIS 204 American History since 1865
Kathryn Johnson

Native American Indian Tribes were and still are as diverse and as dependent on ritualistic life as the explorers and immigrants who came to America were and are presently. Their culture and population were almost desolated and destroyed by immigrants, progress, government and the pursuit of land for a new nation in the future. The Indians greeted the Mayflower; a ship with pilgrims looking for a new beginning and introduced them to new foods and farming techniques were to assist in their survival. Although not intentional in many ways the pilgrims did undue harm these unsuspecting Native Americans by bring disease, foreign plants, animals, insects, bacteria, sea life, grains and religious views which would forever change the Indians way of life, ancestry, food sources and education. Pilgrims saw the Indians as a savage people who needed religion and education so that they might be better integrated into society. Their lands were seen as needed for settlement of even more immigrants to promote growth and food sources. Governments began to hunt and destroy tribes which they saw as problematic, the Indians who would stand and defend their land or simply trying to survive by any means necessary. This included raids on white settlements, war, robbery and murder. Indians rights were essentially ignored and their way of life destroyed all in the name of immigrants rights along with the good of the nation. Native American Indians were persecuted and driven from their way of life by foreign influence and growth in the name of progress.

Fortney, J.(2012). Lest We Remember: Civil War Memory and Commemoration among the Five Tribes. American Indian Quarterly. 36(4), 525-544. 20p. Retrieved from

Between 1861 and 1865, many Native American Indians fought in the civil war on the side of the north and the south. There were also many who fought against the war within their own tribes or in rebel factions joined with other tribes with a common goal. The Indians who were here before the whites and rightfully owned the soils of America were stripped of their lands, dignity, hunted to extinction, driven into servitude or isolation by citizens, military and the government all claiming their actions were justified by growth and taming the savage man the Indians represented in their eyes. This event tells us the story of the Cherokee and the Creek Indians whose native lands were in what we call Oklahoma. The civil war is thought of as a series of battles fought between northern and southern states; however history records many Native American Indians who fought on three fronts of the war; some fought with the south, some for the north and some against both. Commemorative statues honor civil war heroes as well as epic battles fought, there are few which honor Native Americans involvement in the civil war or the sacrifice and hardships they endured as a result of this war.

The war cut the Cherokee population in half and left many children orphans plus many wives widowed, non combatants were forced to leave their homes and possessions which were destroyed and then they were forced to walk across Oklahoma into Kansas to seek refuge from the war. Principal Chief John Ross and Stand Watie were on opposite sides when it came to the war, Ross tried to remain neutral fighting only to defend the Cherokee’s borders, but after petitioning Lincoln to reinstate defensive forces to assist with no avail, Waite succeeded in enlisting Cherokee men to fight for the south. Ross Ross reluctantly supported the Confederacy once it became clear that continuing his pursuit for neutrality would cause civil war between the Cherokees. After the war, he recalled that the Cherokee people “have the proud satisfaction of knowing that we honestly strove to preserve the...

References: Bowles, M. (2011). American history 1865–present: End of isolation. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Fortney, J.(2012). Lest We Remember: Civil War Memory and Commemoration among the Five Tribes. American Indian Quarterly. 36(4), 525-544. 20p. Retrieved from
Jones, Z.R. (2013). Search For and Destroy": US Army Relations with Alaska 's Tlingit Indians and the Kake War of 1869. Ethnohistory.60(1), 1-26.DOI: 10.1215/00141801-1816157.
Hughes, H. H. (2001). Indians of North America. Pocket Essentials, 2001. The Pocket Essential American Indian Wars [electronic resource] / Howard Hughes. [Ebook Collection]. Retrieved from
ABLAVSKY, G.(2014). THE SAVAGE CONSTITUTION. -- United States; NATIONALISTS; CREEK Indians. Duke Law Journal. 63(5), 999-1089. 91p. Retrieved from
Greene, C. S. (2013).Being Indian at Fort Marion: Revisiting Three Drawings. American Indian Quarterly.37(4), 289-316.6 Black and White Photographs, 4 Illustrations. Retrieved from
Edmunds, R. D. American Historical Review, v100 n3 p717-40 Jun 1995. (EJ514118), Retrieved from
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