The height of the Cubism art movement began in 1904 and ended in about 1919, lasting around 15 years. Two notable artists in this period were Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. The first branch of cubism, Analytic Cubism, was in France during 1907 to 1911. Its second phase, Synthetic Cubism, it spread out and was vital until around 1919. Cubism depicted nature with the flowing freedom of line and a repetitive order of structure. The cubist's ideals were not to translate objects naturally but to emotionally manipulate the subject matter; elements are changed for matters of artistic beauty and taste rather than reality. Cubism broke the consistence of modern art by, producing something shockingly different. The freedom which was created meant that new and expressed movements could be taken seriously.
Analytic Cubism is analysed natural forms and reduced forms that are put into basic geometric parts on a two-dimensional picture plane. Only the colours and shades black, grey, blue, brown and ochre were used in these paintings. This is called a monochromatic colour scheme. Analytic cubists focused on forms like the cylinder, sphere and the cone to represent the natural world. Both Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque moved toward abstraction, leaving only enough signs of the real world to supply a tension between the reality outside the painting and the complicated meditations on visual language within the frame. Both Picasso and Braque found the inspiration for Cubism from Paul Cézanne.
Synthetic Cubism was the second main movement within Cubism that was developed by Picasso, Braque, Juan Gris and others between 1912 and 1919. Synthetic cubism is characterised by the introduction of different textures, surfaces, collage elements, papier collé (a painting technique and type of collage) and a large variety of merged subject matter. It was the beginning of collage materials being introduced as an important...
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