February 12, 2011
Chapter 17 review questions
1. How did the enlightenment change basic Western attitudes toward the reform, faith, and reason? First it changed faith because it allowed people to worship anyway they please. The enlightenment set the stage for most of the ideas that are among us today. It also had the thinkers to attempt to discover the ration behind European government. What were the major formative influences on the philosophers? They had a strong need for administration and economic reform after the war. Copernicus to Newton they persuaded philosophers and many writers that thought inherited from both ancient and medieval christen worlds were wrong and need to be challenged. Newton encouraged philosophers to study nature directly and avoid metaphysics and supernaturalism. How important were Voltaire and the encyclopedia in the success of the enlightenment? It was important because he believed that all men should be able to have knowledge of everything and he must be able to have access to it.
2. Why did the philosophers …show more content…
How did the views of the mercantilist about the earth’s resources differ from those of Adam Smith in his book The Wealth of Nations? They were different because the book by Adam Smith wanted people to be prosperous, Rousseau wanted them to do good even if it meant for them to be poor, and the mercantilist was the opposite they didn’t believe in total loyalty of the community. Why might Smith be regarded as an advocate of the consumer? Because Smith had a strong argue for people to do good despite their wealth, and be highly encourage people to have loyalty to their community. How did his theory of history work to the detriment of less economically advanced non European peoples? His theories allowed people to let people go and find their own economic interest. How some enlightenment writers did criticizes European empires? They criticized the Europeans on their morals, conquest of