Antimicrobial Resistance: Public Health Issue and Role of Nurses in Prevention
Antimicrobial resistance is a significant global issue with serious implications for human health. The microorganisms that were previously sensitive to antibiotic treatment are now capable of withstanding attacks by antimicrobial medicines. One of the main reasons that cause antimicrobial resistance is the misuse of antibiotics, which includes an inappropriate selection of antibiotic type, dose, route, or duration of the therapy. The widespread improper use of antibiotics for livestock growth promotion contributes the antimicrobial resistance as well. The legislation is imperative to prohibit in selling antimicrobial drugs without prescription or adding antibiotics to animal food for growth promotion. In addition, nurses may hold a key to prevent the healthcare-associated infection spreading, monitor the therapeutic and adverse effects of antibiotics, and teach the patient about adherence to prescribed medication regimes. Antimicrobial resistance is the pressing health issue affecting the whole world, and thus, this problem should be approached from a worldwide perspective.
The consequences of microbial resistance is seriously affecting human health leading prolonged illness, increased risk of death, and potentially risen chances of spreading the resistant pathogens. The conventional treatment has become ineffective to the pathogens and infections persist, which results in prolonged illness and a greater risk of death. Today, many previously treatable infectious diseases risk becoming uncontrollable and could cause serious health problem to people. Due to the growth of global travel and transportation, people can rapidly spread antimicrobial-resistant bugs to distant regions and countries. According to the World Health Organization (2012), Falciparum malaria parasites have developed resistance to Artemisinins and have shown delayed clearance after the start of the...
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