top-rated free essay

Animal testing

By Kevin023 Jul 27, 2014 832 Words
Animal testing benefits human health. Medical research involving animals has dramatically improved the health of the human race over a significant period of time. Advances in antibiotics, insulin, and other drugs have been made possible through research done on animals. Despite these benefits, some people believe that animals should be not be used for testing medical techniques and drugs. In order for scientists to create new drugs, that help cure diseases, they have to be able to test them. Scientists have found that many animals have similar physical processes to humans. Observing and examining how a new drug affects an animal makes it possible to find out how new drugs might affect the human body. Animal testing saves human lives. It would be wrong to test new drugs on humans. How many people would die because doctors could not administer medication before compiling all the information about a new drug? Conducted in a recent Monash survey, 99% of all active doctors in Australia stated that animal research has paved the way to many medical advancements. And 97% of doctors support the continuous use of animals for research. In that said, animal testing should only and with causation be continued for medical research, however it must not be used in cosmetic research as except for indecently torturing animals, and it is additionally acknowledged that animals used within medical research also endure these precautions, but it conveys a superficial and unrealistic image to many people at a inhumane price. In medical research, it provides a safe method for drug testing that in addition is easy to maintain.

The use of animals to better understand human anatomy and human disease is a centuries-old practice. Animal research has provided valuable information about many physiological processes that are relevant to humans and has been fundamental in the development of many drugs, including vaccines, anaesthetics, and antibiotics. Animals and humans are similar in many ways. Animal behaviour can be as complex as human behaviour, and the cellular structures, proteins, and genes of humans and animals are so similar that the prospect of using animal tissues to replace diseased human tissues is under intense investigation for patients who would otherwise never receive a potentially life-saving transplant.

Medical and cosmetic research tested on animals are two completely different ethical areas. Cosmetic research is particularly controversial because animals may experience discomfort, suffering and ultimately die, all in the name of aesthetics and 'looking good.' Thus, it is this aspect of animal tests that draws an enormous amount of criticism, both in Australia and internationally. In fact, there are many who support animal testing for medicine simply because it involves the improvement of human health and the extension of human life. We do not, however, support animal testing for cosmetics because the cost to the animals doesn't justify the research, which is really about enhancing appearances for humans.

Animals are easily bred and maintained safely in controlled labs. Many people argue that animal testing is cruel. In some cases, this is true. However, it would be much more cruel to test new drugs on people or children, or to let people die because there was not enough information about a drug. Furthermore, legislation in most countries sets standards for animal treatment, and laboratories have guidelines to prevent cruelty. Opponents of animal research also say that in­ formation from animals does not apply to humans. They point to certain commercial drugs, which have been withdrawn because of side effects in humans. While it is true that animal systems differ from human systems, there are enough similarities to apply information from animals to humans. Animal rights campaigners claim that we don’t need new tests because we already have vast amounts of information. However, many new deadly infections appear every year and new treatments and drugs are needed to combat these deadly plagues. Animal testing is needed in the world we live in. Our responsibility is to manage the animals in our care and balance their suffering against the good that comes from them.

The husbandry and treatment of laboratory animals has been and continues to be a major topic of ethical debate. Concern over the care and management of animals used in scientific research was initially raised in the 19th century in Great Britain, where the Cruelty to Animals Act was adopted in 1876. A significant step forward for both supporters and opponents of animal research occurred in 1959, when British zoologist William Russell and British microbiologist Rex Burch published The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. This work introduced the goals of replacement, reduction, and refinement: replacement of animal testing with other techniques, reduction of the number of animals tested, and refinement of animal tests to reduce suffering. These concepts became the foundation for the development of scientific alternatives to animal testing, and they continue to guide the treatment of animals in modern scientific research. This theory by William Russell and Rex Burch must be integrated in the animal research system that Australia currently maintains.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Animal Testing

    ...Should animal testing be banned? Should animal testing be banned? This question has always been highly debated and has periodically been in the headlines of tabloid newspapers due to its controversial nature. In this essay, I will highlight both sides of the argument giving equal weight to each, in an attempt to address some of the issues ari...

    Read More
  • Should Animal Testing Be Banned?

    ...Should animal testing be banned? Despite the success in medical development nowadays, there is a humongous cost paid off behind the progress of the scientific achievement --- Animal testing, which has always been a controversial issue over the past few decades. The term ‘Animal testing’ can be referred as the use of non-human animals in r...

    Read More
  • INTRO Animal experimentation is of two types, cosmetic and medical

    ...ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION AG We all think that animals are cute and adorable. A lot of us have pets and we love them so much. If one day our pet gets sick and dies, it breaks our heart and we feel like we lost a member from our family. But do you really think that the life of an animal is more valuable than the life of a human being? I would rat...

    Read More
  • Using Animals For Scientific Purposes

    ... Using Animals For Scientific Purposes 1-Although some people believe that using animals in medical researches is unethical as it is taking advantage of another living being, I claim that it is acceptable since the most effective way to save people’s lives, reliable and both animals and human can benefit from...

    Read More
  • Animal Testing - Should It Be Legal, Is It Ethical? be legal, is it ethical? The subject is animal testing. This is a hot subject with many scientific researches and animal advocate groups. Both sides of this topic have valid opinions on the subject. This subject could go either way. Animals have been the main focus of scientific experiments for years, mostly for solutions to scientific proble...

    Read More
  • Utilitarianism and Animal Testing

    ...Animals and Utilitarianism When one commits a good act, they are in the right. When one commits a not-so-good act, they are in the wrong. On paper, this appears as a proportionate distinction of right and wrong and can thus appropriately navigate human behavior in this funny little place we call “life”. But what happens when a not-so-good ...

    Read More
  • Animal Rights Speech is that if we don't test on animals then progress in scientific fields would be halted. As first speaker for the negative I will speak about the benefits of animal testing in general and then I'll talk in detail about animal testing in medicine. My second speaker will talk about the opinions on testing and the food chain and my third speake...

    Read More
  • animal testing

    ... Animal Testing Every year, over 100 million animals are painfully put to death because of animal testing. Experimentation on animals goes way back since the beginning of time. Typically it is conducted for advancement in scientific research, to test products and food before going out into the market, to find treatments or test medical dru...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.