Running head: AMERICA PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE
America Past, Present, and Future
University of Phoenix
America Past, Present, and Future
Human emotions are complex. They express positive or negative reactions to external and internal stimuli. Emotion, behavior, and cognition influence each other. Thus, each emotion distinctly affects human motivation, learning, thinking, and physical acts. Emotions influence writers or authors in the way he or she expresses himself or herself in his or her writing. In this paper, the author will discuss how emotions in literature from the past, present, and future impact the way Nathaniel Hawthorne expressed his emotions when writing the books he has published. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Background relates to his Writing
Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804, in Salem, Massachusetts. His ancestors were Puritans, who were the first settlers in the state. They came to the New World with Governor Winthrop in 1603. His ancestors were two prominent judges, one active in the persecution of the Quakers in the 1650s, the other in the witch trials of the 1690s, which Anne Hutchinson was the criminal. Nathaniel grew up in a religious family, and therefore, his religious beliefs influenced the way he wrote. “Nathaniel Hawthorn rarely seemed at ease with himself, his work, or his place in American literary history. The author of American’s most famous novel of religious conscience, he nevertheless characterized his regularly enforced attendance at the services at Salem’s Meeting House, where his ancestors had worshiped for nearly two centuries, as “the frozen purgatory of my childhood”” (McQuade, Atwan, Kaplan, Minter, Stepto, Tichi, & Vendler, 1999, p. 786). In addition, Salem, Massachusetts influenced is writing style in many tales. Salem was Hawthorns childhood home where he was grew up in a close-knit family. He later returned to Salem after graduation to spend time with his mother and sisters to read, and learn about the history of Puritan New England. Therefore, Salem held a special place in his heart and memory, Puritan New England was one of the themes Hawthorn used in many of his tales. “Return to Salem, he lived in his mother and sisters and settle once again into a solitary way of life. With no immediate need to work for pay, he was able to read widely, showing a special interest in the history of Puritan New England, in Gothic romances, and in the great novelists of the eighteenth century, especially Fielding, Smollett, and Richardson” (McQuade, Atwan, Kaplan, Minter, Stepto, Tichi, & Vendler, 1999, p. 787). Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Tales Represent the Past, Present, and Future In My Kinsman, Major Molineux published in 1832, Hawthorn’s story reflects the past, the present, and the future where the main character starts as a young man and continues with his passage from childhood to adulthood. The main characters name was Robin. Robin met Major Molineux when he was a child, which reflects the past. Robin travels from his home to Boston in search of his relatives. In addition, Major Molineux helps him with his career, which is a reflection of the present. During his journey, he meets strange people, and encounters strange things. Each encounter helps him become a little wiser than he was before, which reflects the future. At the end of the story, a kind man encourages Robin of his ability to survive on his own without Major Molineux. This represents Hawthorne’s present when he decides to pull away from his mentor and become a writer that inspires readers to believe in their own future and to obtain personal growth and development. “Thanks to you and to my other friends, I have at last met my kinsman, and he will scarce desire to see my face again. I begin to grow weary of a town life, sir. Will you show me the ferry?” “No, my good friend Robin, - not to-night, at least,” said the gentleman. “Some few days hence, if you wish it,...
References: McQuade, D., Atwan, R., Kaplan, M., Minter, D., Stepto, R., Tichi, C, & Vendler, H (1999). The Harper Single volume American Literature (3rd Ed.). New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.
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