Better Air Quality in Asian and Pacific Rim Cities (BAQ 2002)
16 Dec 2002 – 18 Dec 2002, Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre (HKCEC)
Air Quality Management in Pakistani Cities: Trends and Challenges Dr. Noman Fazal Qadir
Chief Executive GET & Joint Secretary ARUP Islamabad, PAKISTAN email email@example.com ABSTRACT: As impact of airborne pollution been widely recognized, its management is considered as an important component in controlling AQ in the Asian Context. Important parameters and components of Air Quality Management are being discussed. AQ can be improved by integrating a number of technical and management options and financial incentives including, monitoring, evaluation and actions e.g. emission inventorization of various type of activities, estimation of Emission Load & future projections, incorporate atmospheric dispersion models in pollution dispersion / dilution, initiate pollution index levels being monitored / dissipated with weather reports, direct & indirect ecological damage and environmental damage by these emissions in urban environment, direct and indirect health impacts, share in the global climate change & warming by this region, revise Emission Standards for various sources including vehicular emissions, policy options for adoption or Action Plans, calculation of effect of abatement and control measures, establishment, improvement and implementation of air pollution regulations, regulations for development of NAAQS / IAQS, Emission Standards for sources, assess the efficiency of these measures in reducing these pollution levels , enhanced public awareness, and for transport sector (which is the main urban air polluter) better traffic flow and transport management / planning in the urban areas (which has not been given due importance until now in Pakistan), change of technology including fuel substitution & conversion to less polluted fuels (e.g. low Sulphur / Lead fuels, CNG), development/enforcement of vehicular emission standards and using management tools for effective implementation of laws linking control on emissions and fuel adulteration, strengthening vehicle inspection and maintenance and transport planning. The present talk will be helpful in briefing about change in the existing air quality management procedures available to Pak EPA, local governments & traffic police in Pakistan, current activities for controlling this menace, their impact on air quality management and future suggestions to include reduction of Air Pollution in the context of a developing country like Pakistan. KEYWORDS : Air Quality Management (AQM), Air Quality Management System (AQMS), National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), Ambient Air Quality (AAQ), Urban / Air Pollution (AP or UAP), Indoor Air Pollution (IAP), Indoor Air Quality Standards (IAQS), 1.0 INTRODUCTION: Ambient Air Pollution is an emerging environmental issue in major cities of Asia and has attracted attention from variety of corners (WB, USEPA, US-AEP and ADB has funded projects on Ambient Air Quality (AAQ) in Asia and recently CAI-Asia been initiated) with a proven direct impact on health & ecosystem of earth. Rapid growth of cities with minimum infrastructure in slum areas, improved economic situation increasing vehicle ownership and quest for development has made the region increasingly concerned for these air emissions and pollutants. According to a report , 7 % increase per annum of vehicular ownership and use been observed due to economic growth, rising incomes and urbanization over the last 10 years in India. AAQ impacts generally include direct health problems to the life forms (e.g. humans, animals, fish etc), vegetation and forest growths, damage to soils, climate change impacts including changing the regular patterns of seasons, rains, floods, draughts; desertification, deforestation, global warming, Oxygen and other gas blanket affecting global warming, Ozone layer depletion in stratosphere & formation of smog in...
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