Hanish, L. D., Sallquist, J., DiDonato, M., Fabes, R. A., & Martin, C. (2012). Aggression by whom–aggression toward whom: Behavioral predictors of same- and other-gender aggression in early childhood. Developmental Psychology, 48(5), 1450-1462. doi:10.1037/a0027510 This study was conducted by researchers from the School of Social and Family Dynamics at Arizona State University, and was sponsored by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The study consisted of 170 children, 91 boys and 79 girls from the ages of 2-5 years old. The researcher’s primary goals in this study were to assess the young boys’ and girls’ dominance-related behaviors as they naturally occurred during interactions with other boys and girls and to find out the probability of being aggressed against by their peers. The researchers used naturalistic observation methods to assess girls’ and boys’ aggressive behaviors; this was done by 40 independent observers who were not told the purpose of the study, they used an adaptation of Fagot and colleagues’ interactive coding system to record behaviors. Prior to beginning the study they observers were sent to the children’s classroom so that they would become accustomed to their presence and not pay attention to them. They then observed the children outside or in the classroom, and obtained 45 successive, 15 minute observations of each child. In conclusion the researchers found that there were similarities as well as differences in the aggressive behavior that occurred between boys and girls of the same gender and of a different gender. They also expressed a need for continued research on how this behavior would continue to affect the children throughout their childhood and into adolescence.
Miller, L. E., Grabell, A., Thomas, A., Bermann, E., & Graham-Bermann, S. A. (2012). The associations between community violence, television violence, intimate partner violence, parent–child aggression, and...
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