After a century of criminological theory, why does crime still exist

Better Essays
Introduction:
After more than a century of criminological theory, a central question remains: why does crime still exist? To answer this question one must first come to a clear definition as to what crime actually means. In essence crime can be considered a social concept; a specific word attributes an individual to a particularly undesirable group. This allocations is based upon an event; some sort of wrong-doing or deviance from the norm which results in social, physical, mental, property or financial harm. The fact is, there is no singular definition to crime- there are multiple views and opinions yet none stands as a concrete definition. From a formally legal perspective, crime can be defined as by the state; that is if a specific act is defined by criminal law and is subject to punishment than it can be considered a crime. Conversely from a labelling perspective, crime can only exist if a particular event has resulted in a social response. It is this social response which instigates the criminal label and thus if there is no label, there is no crime. The ambiguity in the definition of crime alone provides grounds for its continuous existence. After all it seems only logical that we cannot rid of something that is not universally agreed upon. In attempts to unveil the cloak of criminality, various theories have been put forward which seek to clarify what is unclear. Of particular interest is the classical approach to crime and the idea of positivism and individualist behaviour. The classical theory of criminality locates the source of criminality within the individual and describes it as a rational choice (Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990). Positivism on the other hand emphasises causation and determinism, it focuses on both the external and internal factors which drive individual behaviour (Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990). Both of these theories hold opposing views about the causations of crime however they both seek to give reason to the existence of criminal

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    either Africa or Middle East, they were never European. Smuggling still exists because superior races think that they can employ them illegally. Second, in aspect of inferior people, there is a fear of superior ones. Being a criminal race produces that kind of fear. As Russell (1998, p.124) mentions Wilson’s thesis about black crime causes white fear, white racism caused by Black and Latino men. If they did not have this high rate of crime, there would not be white fear. Furthermore, another kind of fear…

    • 989 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    How does one find the excuse for slavery to be acceptable? Most people when they hear the term, slavery, they automatically think of the colonization of the Americas, the triangular trade, or the civil war. What some forget to think about is the fact that slavery is still a huge epidemic occurring all around the world today. Many children from democratic countries develop an overall idea of what slavery is and that it has a negative connotation. So why does slavery still exist? Do the owners…

    • 1058 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the article “Why Does Hunger Still Exist in Africa?” Gates, B. (2014) illustrates the problem of the stunted and malnourished kids in the Africa. Secondly, he lists the effect of the poor nutrition on children’s height and brain development. Next, he reports the rising numbers of undernourished children in the Africa. Then he tries to alter the stereotypical image of the starvation in the Africa. Later, he proposes solutions to enhance children's diet. Cloud seeding and providing sanitation and…

    • 384 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Criminological Theories

    • 13454 Words
    • 54 Pages

    Student Study Guide for Ronald L. Akers and Christine S. Sellers’ Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Applications Fourth Edition Prepared by Eric See Youngstown State University Roxbury Publishing Company Los Angeles, California 1 Student Study Guide by Eric See for Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application , 4th Edition by Ronald L. Akers and Christine S. Sellers Copyright © 2004 Roxbury Publishing Company, Los Angeles, California…

    • 13454 Words
    • 54 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Does Racism Still Exist

    • 214 Words
    • 1 Page

    Does racism still exist? Opinions from different people may vary. Racism still exists all over the world and looks like it will not end no time soon. Signs of racism are ignorant to specific incidents and displays of racist acts towards different races which still happens every day. Racism is experienced in many ways such as: verbal statements, racist chanting, crowd violence, gestures, and other offensive acts. “Racism is part of almost every aspect of our lives, whether it is on the news or through…

    • 214 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Criminological Theory

    • 1137 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Personal Criminological Theory: What Causes Crime? April Cox CJA/540 Criminological Theory October 3, 2011 Angela Williams Personal Criminological Theory: What Causes Crime? Over the centuries of time various scientists have tried to explain the reasons behind the causes associated with crime and criminal behavior. Dozens of theories have been argued both for and against one another to address the question as to what causes individuals to commit crime. The goal of this paper…

    • 1137 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Does America Still Exist?

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Rudy Martinez Tackabury English 60 May 28th 2013 Does America Still Exist? In Richard Rodriguez’s article, “Does America Still Exist?” my mind opened to another view on the topic of immigration in the United States. My beliefs had always been that if anyone is not an American citizen who were paying their taxes here, then you should not be allowed in our country. After reading this article and seeing the immigrant’s perspective, I learned that America is full of immigrants and that we are…

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Criminological Theory

    • 2493 Words
    • 10 Pages

    INTRODUCTION Criminological theories have rarely been concerned with the analysis of female criminality. Typically criminologists have either been content to subsume discussion of women offenders under ‘general’ theories, that is to say they have implicitly assumed the female is dealt with in discussing the male, or they have dealt with them exceptionally briefly in the way that other ‘marginal’ or ‘special’ categories are treated. The reason offered for this overwhelming lack of interest is that…

    • 2493 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Does Racism Still Exist

    • 1244 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Does Racism Still Exist? On February 26, 2012 an unarmed seventeen year old, African American boy by the name of Treyvon Martin was fatally shot by a twenty eight year old, Hispanic man named George Zimmerman. After the fatal multi-racial incident, a lot of controversy ensued under the claims of racial discrimination. Moments later thousands of media outlets were covering this seemingly small story from Sanford, Florida; major publications like USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, and the New York…

    • 1244 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Does Slavery Still Exist

    • 346 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Nowadays many people believe that slavery only happened in the past, in fact that today slavery is still exist. Even more miserable, slavery also involves children. Slavery is not relevant anymore with today’s world order, moreover if it involves child. Many unlucky people trapped into slavery, tragically 1 in 4 of those are children. Usually those who trapped into slavery, they experienced bad treat by their employers or people who force them to work. Children who are used by others who profit from…

    • 346 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays