affirmative action

Topics: Affirmative action, United States, Supreme Court of the United States Pages: 5 (1695 words) Published: December 9, 2013


Abstract
What is affirmative action? Affirmative action is an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, esp. in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination. In the 1940s: President Roosevelt signed an order making discrimination illegal in defense contracting. 1954: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that "separate but equal" facilities on the basis of race were unconstitutionally discriminatory. The Act of 1964: Congress passed the Civil Rights Act prohibiting discrimination based on race, sex, national origin and religion in employment and education. 1965: President Lyndon Johnson signed an executive order requiring federal contractors to undertake affirmative action to increase the number of minorities they employ. 1974: President Nixon declared that affirmative action programs should also include women (http://isis.fastmail.usf.edu/eoa/affirmative_intro.asp). The affirmative action time line goes on and on, however, affirmative action does not fix past racial issues, it leaves issues unfixed causing a present effect on past discrimination. The question asked today is, is affirmative action still necessary today in the United States of America.

The question is “Is affirmative action still necessary in the United States today?” Simply, the answer to the question is yes. Affirmative action is definitely still necessary in the United States. Here in the United States we are still dealing with Supreme Court issues on affirmative action. Affirmative action laws that still exist in the United States were broken by college admissions, women are still facing injustice because of their sex, and there are still laws broken and violated in the workforce. The purpose of this research is to show you why affirmative action is still a necessary here in the US, in the present time. I believe affirmative action does not fix past racial issues, it leaves issues unfixed causing a present effect on past discrimination.

The Beginning of Affirmation Action
Although the United States citizen does not know what the future holds for affirmative action here in America, we do know how it started and why it is necessary. According to Marquita Sykes (National Now Times, 2005) the phrase “affirmative action” was first used in President John. F. Kennedy’s 1961 Executive Order 10925 speech. This order requires federal contractors to “take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated fair during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.” The federal government attempted to make sure that Blacks and other minority groups “played on a level playing field” when it came to promotions, salaries, school admissions, scholarship, financial assistance, and participation in federal contracts. Although designed as a temporary measure, affirmative action assumed permanency after the introduction of quotas. (Racial quotas required employers to hire a percentage of their workers on the basis of race.) (Affirmative Action, the American Economy, 2013) Affirmative action has accomplished the ideas in the previous statement, all individuals today have the liberty to submit for employment in any workforce. This produces diversity in company teams and organizations. So, yes affirmative action is necessary in the United States today.

US Supreme Court Proposal 2
As stated in the previous paragraph, affirmative action was first stated by President John F. Kennedy, this was in his order addressed to the United States workforce. Now in today’s time, in order to be a part of in the United States workforce you must have an education. The United States Supreme court to discuss Proposal 2 is a case part of several other cases that occurred after the court’s 2003 decision on affirmative action. This case involved admissions to the University’s Law School in Michigan. “Michigan residents voted to ban affirmative...

References: Tribune,S.(2013).Women, affirmative action and justice. Sudan Tribune, (2013, April 4).
Wizner,T.(2013).US Supreme Court to discuss Proposal 2.University Wire,(2013, October 10).
Altschiller.D. (2013). Affirmative Action. The Economy. (2013, April).
Early.G. (2011).Affirmative Action for Women, Washington Post.(2011, November 7).
Sykes.M. (Affirmative Action, National Now Times. (2005, August 10).
Sylentjudge.J. (2010).Affirmative Action: Is it still necessary. www.studymode.com
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