Question 3a. What were the advantages and disadvantages of the caste system? How did the caste system reflect Indian society.
A caste system was used by the ancient Indian society to separate themselves into categories. There are advantages and disadvantages with the use of this system but they all reflected Indian society in different ways. The term Caste and Varna meant “heredity” and “color”. The caste system was originally created to separate the early Aryans from the native Indians by the color of their skin. This method was seen as an advantage in a case where the early Indians would want to rid their community of the Aryans one day. As time went on the difference between the Native Indian and the Aryans faded due to the intermarriage which led to the evolving of the original Caste system.
Varna was the new way the people of the early Indian society used to categorize themselves. Varna dealt with the type of job a person had in the society that consist of Brahmin (priest); Kshatriyas ( warriors and aristocrats), vaishyas(cultivators, artisans, and merchants),and shudras(landless peasant and serfs). The category of the untouchables was later added. Each one of these classes did their part which led to the society benefitting as a whole. The priest dealt with all of the religious affairs of the society, the warriors defended their homes and won lands while the aristocrats made for good figure heads was used for good-will missions to other noble of different lands. The early Indian civilization was provided by the people of the vaishyas class of people with the means of preserving and spreading their culture, trading throughout the nations and providing food. The lower class of society was the shudras, peasant and serfs who served the members in the upper class and the lowest of the Varnas was known as the untouchables who received their names from the ‘dirty jobs’ that was place upon them because no one from the upper ladder...
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