Administer Medication To Individuals And Monitor The

Topics: Prescription drug, Pharmacology, Laxative Pages: 5 (1736 words) Published: May 20, 2015
Administering Medication to Individuals and Monitoring the Effects

The Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales (CSSIW) are the regulatory body that provide us with standards that are expected of us when administrating medication. Under The Medicines Act 1968, which is a major piece of legislation, governs the responsibility we have in administering medication to our clients. There are three important statements from this piece of legislation, which are: Medicines prescribed to a person are that person’s property and may not be used by any other person. Anyone can administer prescribed medicine to another person, as long as they follow the directions given by the prescribing medical profession. Doses of prescribed medicine must not be varied without the prescriber’s consent. (includes stopping, reducing, or increasing doses). There are five other policies that take part in governing our responsibility when administering medication. These are: The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971

Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Data Protection Act 1998
COSHH Regulations 1999
Mental Capacity Act 2006
There are many types of medication that carers will come across across, below are a few examples. Analgesics (painkillers)
Examples of analgesics are paracetamol and ibuprofen used to relieve pain. Analgesics work by blocking pain signals going to the brain or by interfering with the brains interpretation of the signals. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dry mouth, postural hypotension and constipation. Severe side effects may include stomach bleeds, confusion, hallucinations, and addiction. Laxatives

Laxatives are used to help people pass stools more easily. There are four major types of laxatives that act in different ways and have different side effects. These are: Bulk-forming laxatives which bulk up stools to help them retain water which in turn encourages the bowel to contract and move the faeces along. Examples of bulk-forming laxatives are Fybogel, Celevac and Normacol. Side effects of these drugs are bloating and flatulence (wind). Stimulant laxatives which speed up the movement of the bowel by stimulating the muscles in the digestive system. Examples of stimulant laxatives are Dulkolax and Senokot. These drugs may cause stomach pain and if over use then may lead to a weakened bowel. Osmotic laxatives make stools softer by increasing the amount of water in the bowel. Examples of Osmotic laxatives are Movicol and Microlette. When using these drugs, they may have side effects which include abdominal pain, bloating and flatulence. Stool softener laxatives add water to stools to lubricate them, making them more slippery and easier to pass. Stool softener are Docusol and Dulcoease which can cause abdominal cramps, nausea and a skin rash. Antacids

Antacids is a substance which counteracts stomach acidity. In other words, antacids are stomach acid neutralisers which are used to treat heartburn and indigestion. These type of medication are called Rennie and Gaviscon, which can cause diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea, blood in stools, flatulence and constipation. Anti-Depressant

Antidepressants are medication that is used to treat depression or prevent it from re occurring. They are also used for people with long term pain conditions. Antidepressants work by increasing levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. An example of this is serotonin which helps improve mood. Types of antidepressive medication are fluoxetine and citalopram which may cause constipation, dizziness, insomnia and nausea. Anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS)

Anti-inflammatories are used to treat inflammation, pain and to bring down a high temperature. Anti-inflammatories work by blocking the effects of cox 1 and cox 2 enzymes which make prostaglandins; therefore by stopping the body from making these prostaglandins, which means, less swelling and less pain. Examples of anti-inflammatories are Naproxen, Ibuprofen, Flurbiprofen which may cause...
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