Topics: Child abuse, Abuse, Psychological abuse Pages: 26 (4973 words) Published: May 14, 2014
Standard 6
Principles of safeguarding in health and social care
Your Name:


Start Date:

Completion Date:


Recognising possible indicators of harm or abuse


Ways to reduce likelihood of abuse


Responding to suspected or disclosed abuse


National and local context of protection from harm and abuse



CIS Assessment Induction Workbook – Six

Standard 6
Principles of safeguarding in health and social care

Recognising possible indicators of harm or abuse

1.1 Know the main types of abuse
Through your induction period, including the Skills for Care Common Induction Standards in this workbook, you are learning about the different things that make up your job role. You are learning about codes of conduct, values, policies, procedures and ways of working, duty of care and your responsibilities to the individuals you support. Abuse is likely to occur if you do not comply with these

An adult at risk is anyone over the age of 18
who is in need of or in receipt of social care and support services You will also be in a position of trust and the individuals you are supporting may see you as more powerful than they are. All of the individuals you support are adults at risk. Any betrayal of trust and power, would make you an abuser

Abuse is about a person inappropriately using their power over another individual. Abuse is treating someone with disrespect in a way which significantly affects the individual's quality of life.
Abuse is the control by a person of an individual using fear, violence, or intimidation. Abuse is the mistreatment by any person that violates an individual's human and civil rights. Abuse is a single or repeated act or lack of appropriate action occurring in any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an adult at risk. These are the main types of abuse with examples of what they mean: Physical – Hitting, slapping, pushing or kicking, forcing people to eat or take medication, leaving people to sit in urine or faeces.

Sexual – Unwanted advances, indecent exposure or harassment, rough washing or touching of the genital area, rape, being forced to watch or participate in sexual acts.

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CIS Assessment Induction Workbook – Six

Emotional / psychological – Intimidation, not being included, being ignored, threats, bullying, humiliating and blaming. These include discrimination that relates to age, race, gender, sexuality, culture, religion etc.

Financial – Using an individual’s money without their permission or on items they have not requested, not giving correct change, taking store card points, taking the free item of “buy one get one free”. Not giving individuals enough money for food and essential items.

Institutional – Poor care to people in group environments, for example, in a residential care home or in a day centre. Food choices not provided for individuals with different dietary needs or requirements. Rooms and clothing not being kept clean. Self neglect – Individual not eating, washing, dressing properly. themselves.

Not looking after

Neglect by others – Inadequate care or denial of an individual’s basic rights. It is your duty of care to safeguard individuals from harm

1.2 Recognise the possible indicators associated with each type of abuse With all types of abuse, it is essential to look for possible indicators of abnormal and different behaviour. If a person is worried or has been abused, they are likely to behave differently to how they would normally behave.

This is why it is useful to know or have information about how individuals normally behave so you can identify when something might not be right. As you build relationships and knowledge in your role, the indicators of abuse will become more noticeable. In order to recognise and respond to abuse and neglect, you have to know what the indications might be and take notice of these....
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