>Age (8 years old)
Microorganism enters to the nose through inhalation
Passes through Larynx, Pharynx and Trachea
Microorganism enters and affects both airway and lungs
Bacteria will lie on the alveolar sacs in the lungs
Sacs swell fill with fluid exudates
Inflammation of the lungs
S/S: Fever, Chills, Chest Pain, Difficulty in Breathing
Red blood cells and fibrin will begin to enter the alveoli
Lung tissue will appear redden and firm
Difficulty or Rapid breathing
Fibrin and dying red and white blood cells collecting in the alveolar spaces
Sputum produced by coughing maybe tinged with blood or purulent discharge
If not treated :
May lead to complications.
Obstruction of airway and impaired gas exchange in the alveoli; patient manifests cough
Patient experiences cyanosis, dyspnea, pallor (due to inadequate oxygen supply).
The alveoli collapse and lung tissue dies (necrosis)
Administer antipyretic (e.g. Paracetamol), bronchodilator (e.g. Salbutamol), antibiotic (e.g. Clarithromycin ). This prevent multiplication of the bacteria.
>house-setting (putting protective screens)
Enzymes in the lung will break down the materials causing inflammation
Infectious agents are controlled by WBC and any remaining material may be coughed up
GOOD HEALTH STATUS
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Typical symptoms include a cough, chest...
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