Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and comprises 30% of its land area. With approximately 4.3 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population. Asia has a high growth rate in the modern era. For instance, during the 20th century, Asia's population nearly quadrupled. Asia is defined as comprising the eastwards four-fifths of Eurasia. It is located to the east of the Suez Canal, the Ural River, and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma–Manych Depression) and the Caspian and Black Seas. It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. Given its size and diversity, Asia – a toponym dating back to classical antiquity – "is more a cultural concept" incorporating diverse regions and peoples than a homogeneous physical entity. Asia differs very widely among and within its regions with regard to ethnic groups, cultures, environments, economics, historical ties and government systems.
44,579,000 km2(17,212,000 sq mi)
87/km2 (225/sq mi)
The city of Dunhuang in China is not only a modern, economic and cultural hub for trade, but also the centre of one the famous, historic and artistically developed caves in the world. On the Silk Road route, the city offers a beautiful journey to the Magao Caves in the Gobi desert, Gansu province. Lying on the edges of the Taklamakan desert, the caves have been and declared as the ‘National Monument’ in 1961 and listed as ‘World Heritage Site’ since 1987. It is also referred to as the ‘Caves of Thousand Buddhas’, ‘Magao Grottoes’ or ‘Caves of Dunhuang’. Constructed around 1,000 years ago.
Indonesia offers a wide exposure to its history through its diverse cultures,...
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