Vowel Essays & Research Papers

Best Vowel Essays

  • Vowels - 1061 Words
    Vowels Speech sounds can be classified and described in articulatory, acoustic and auditory terms. On the basis of these terms the two broad categories in which the speech sounds in any language can be classified are vowels and consonants. Consonants are best described in articulatory terms because there is some type of closure or narrowing of the air passage to the extent that there is audible friction during the production of that sound. But in case of the production of vowels as there is no...
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  • Vowels: Cardinal Vowel - 3674 Words
    Chapter 4: The Vowels of English. An Articulatory Classification. Acoustic Correlates. The Description and Distribution of English Monophthongs and Diphthongs 4.1. The Vowels. Criteria for Classification 4.2. The Cardinal Vowel Charts 4.3. English Vowels. The description and distribution of English monophthongs and diphthongs A. English simple vowels a. English front vowels b. English back vowels c. English central vowels B. English diphthongs a. Centring diphthongs b. Diphthongs to /w/ c....
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  • Central Vowel - 347 Words
    A central vowel is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The defining characteristic of a central vowel is that the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel. The central vowels identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are: * close central unrounded vowel [ɨ] * close central rounded vowel [ʉ] * close-mid central unrounded vowel [ɘ] * close-mid central rounded vowel [ɵ] * mid central vowel [ə] * open-mid central unrounded...
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  • Vowels Sounds - 748 Words
    Phonetics Symbols English Speech Sounds: Vowel Sounds Front Vowels 1. / i: / ي - it is found in the words like; eat, tea, seen (long high front spread vowel) 2. / ɪ / - it is found in the words like; bit, pin, silly (short high front spread vowel) 3. /e/ - it is found in the words like; bet, tent, head (short mid front spread vowel). 4. / æ / - cat, fat, dad (short low front spread vowel). Central Vowels 5. /ɜ:/ ۀ - (Position: Central, Lips: Neutral, Long vowel); this may also be...
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  • Vowel and British Poetry Assignment
    MEG-01: BRITISH POETRY ASSIGNMENT Max. Marks: 100 Programme: MC;G Assignment Code: MEGO 1 ll'MA120 10- 1 1 Dear Student. In a conventional class your teacher would have discussed your assignment with you, pointed out what made a good essay and what a bad one. We have done exactly the same thing in Unit 52 of the Thereafter decide upon a topic, i.e. a period or literary group in the history of British Poetry. You may, if you wish, select a topic from the list given in 52.2.1 (p.70)....
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  • Vowel and Introduction Onomatopoeia - 1591 Words
    Onomatopoeia Abstract 象声词在语言里属于比较不受重视的一类语言,因其口语的意味比较浓重,因而研究的人很少。本文只是对象声词的一个小议,从概念,从作用,通过举例子来解读象声词。通过猜想和论证,阐释了象声词的起源,以及象声词词性的改变。 Key words: Onomatopoeia, Function, Origin, Nature of Onomatopoeia. Introduction Onomatopoeia is very important not only in our oral language but in our literary language like poets. It is not easy to have a study on them because of its tremendous number and complex pronunciation system. This small article mainly focus on the origin of onomatopoeia,...
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  • Language Consists of Vowels and Consonants
    LANGUAGE CONSISTS OF VOWELS AND CONSONANTS Language consists of vowels and consonants. That sentence may contain some truth, but when we talk about language, we can not say that consists of vowels and consonants only. Language is a system for encoding and decoding information. However, there are different kinds of ways to communicate and, we as human beings are not the only ones who have the ability to do it. Vowels and consonants are related to speech. On the other hand,...
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  • Classifying the Vowels Sounds of English.
    - http://www.indiana.edu/~gasser/L503/vowels.gif Classifying the Vowels Sounds of English The classifcation of vowels is based on four major aspects: Tongue height - according to the vertical position of the tongue (high vowels, also referred to as close; low vowels, also referred to as open; intermediate - close-mid and open-mid) Frontness vs. backness of the tongue - according to the horizontal position of the highest part of the tongue. Lip rounding - whether the lips are...
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  • Types of English vowels - 1091 Words
    Introduction Vowel sounds present a considerable challenge to non-native speakers. Spoken English has an unusually high number of vowel sounds - from 5 written vowels (a, e, i, o, u) we produce 19 vowel sounds (see chart below). Do you know how many vowel sounds your language has? If it has less than English, you will need to learn the new sounds. Types of Vowel Sound A vowel sound is made by shaping the air as it leaves the mouth. There are four types of vowel in English: Short...
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  • Phonetics: Vowel and Stress - 786 Words
    Progress test 2 due to 28th of February 2012 Phonetics 1) Transcribe the following sentences. Mark the stressed words and use weak forms where appropriate: 'She can 'swim 'faster than 'I can. (contrast) /'ʃi: kən 'swɪm 'fɑ:stə ðən 'aɪ kən/ 'She's from 'Scotland. 'Where 'are 'you from? (contrast) /'ʃi:z frəm 'skɒtlənd. 'weər ɑ: 'ju: frəm?/ 'Sally's been 'trying to 'send you an 'e-mail. /'sælɪz bin 'traɪɪŋ tə 'send ju ən 'i:meɪl/ 'Alastair 'claimed he was 'selling the...
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  • Phonology: Vowel Phonics Patterns
    What is phonology? Phonology is the study of the sound system of languages. It is a huge area of language theory and it is difficult to do more on a general language course than have an outlineknowledge of what it includes. In an exam, you may be asked to comment on a text that you are seeing for the first time in terms of various language descriptions, of which phonology may be one. At one extreme, phonology is concerned with anatomy andphysiology - the organs of speech and how we learn to use...
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  • The vowels (Monophthongs) of English
    The vowels (Monophthongs) of English 1. [i] High Front Tense Unrounded 2. [I] High Front Lax Unrounded 3. [ɛ] Mid Front Lax Unrounded 4. [æ] Low Front Lax Unrounded 5. [ɚ] Mid Central Lax Unrounded 6. [ʌ] Mid Central Lax Unrounded 7. [u] High Back Tense Round 8. [ʊ] High Back Lax Round 9. [ɔ]Mid Back Lax Round 10. [ɑ] Low Back Lax Unrounded Founded in 1963, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences (KUAS) was originally known as the Provincial Kaohsiung Institute of...
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  • Vowels in English Gramar - 778 Words
     Phonetics The English Vowels and Diphthongs There are 5 vowels and 2 semi-vowels (Y and W). But there are from 11 to 20 "vowel sounds" in English, made by one or more vowels in various words. Vowels in the English Alphabet The 5 traditional vowels are A, E, I, O, and U. However, in English the the letters W and Y can also represent vowel sounds, but they don't always do so. Hence, they may be considered vowels "sometimes". Examples with Y and W as vowels: In the word...
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  • Exercises For Long Vowels Sound 1
    Diphthongs Diphthongs are types of vowels where two vowel sounds are connected in a continuous, gliding motion. They are often referred to as gliding vowels. Most languages have a number of diphthongs, although that number varies widely, from only one or two to fifteen or more. Long Vowel Sounds Sentences: /eɪ/ - rain Rain is one of Gods blessing to human being. /i/ - meet The business man meet his investor in one of the famous resturant in town. /ɑɪ/ - bike It started as a geezer bike for...
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  • English Vowel Reduction by Korean Learners
    English unstressed reduced vowels, such as schwa '[ə]' and barred-i '[ɨ]', have phonetic features that are distinct from other vowels. Phonetic features of those vowels are reduced in duration and vowel quality (F1 and F2). Schwa '[ə]' occurs in a word-final position like Rosa as a mid central reduced vowel and barred-i '[ɨ]' occurs in a non-final position like roses as a high central reduced vowel (Flemming & Johnson 2007). In contrast to English, there is no stress in Korean phonological...
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  • Vowel Consonants Count Using Java
    package vowelCons; import java.util.Scanner; public class VowelCons { public static void main(String args[]){ String input; char selection; int x = 0; char[] a = new char[100]; Scanner keyboard = new Scanner(System.in); System.out.print("Enter a string: "); input = keyboard.nextLine(); x = input.length(); //Convert from String to Char...
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  • System Of OE Vowels And Their Origin Word Stres
    All the Germanic languages of the past and present have common linguistic features; some of these features are shared by other groups in the IE family, others are specifically Germanic. In ancient IE, prior to the separation of Germanic, there existed two ways of word accentuation: musical pitch and force stress. The position of the stress was free and movable, which means that it could fall on any syllable of the word a root-morpheme, an affix or an ending and could be shifted both in...
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  • ENGLISH AS SECOND LANGUAGE - 2600 Words
    INTRODUCTION It is undeniable that English is not an easy language to learn. Malaysian ESL students oftentimes find English to be rather confusing and difficult to learn. Pronunciation seems to trip most students up. Though the English language syllabus makes room for pronunciation skills to be included in classroom practices, many often have problems with the pronunciation of certain words. According to Abbas and Muhammad Reza (2011), many ESL learners have “major difficulties” with English...
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  • Descriptive Grammar of English - 283 Words
    Descriptive Grammar of English WSJO 2010/2011 – Year 2 Vowels – general characteristics (8) 1. 2. Definition of a vowel – the type of sound, depending largely on very slight variations of tongue position, which is most easily described in terms of auditory relationships, since there is no constriction which we can feel with any precision. Characteristic features: • generally voiced • produced with unimpeded airflow • no noise component but a characteristic patterning of formants • made...
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  • English Teacher - 1695 Words
    Lesson#2 Pronunciation Today we’ll discuss on Pronunciation. You know all the English alphabets are divided into to parts: consonant and Vowel. In this class we’re going to talk about Vowels. I can divide the vowel sounds into four classes. 1. Pure Vowels.[Numbering 12: A, At/It, Av, Av, Avt, A¨vt B, C, G,G¨v, D, E,] 2. Diphthongs. [Numbering 8: AvB, GB, AD, AvD, BAv, GAv, DAv,] 3. Triphthongs.[Numbering 5: GBAv, AvBAv, ABAv, AvDAv, AvDAv,] 4. Semi Vowels.[Numbering 2: W,Y/...
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  • How I Learn to Read
    It was a big process in order for me to start reading, but I think that the way I learned how to read was by learning the Alphabet at first; because in order to start reading I had to be able to recognize the letters I was trying to read. After I had mastered the alphabet I started practicing with high frequency words. These words were words that we were seeing in our school books, homework, reading, and lectures. These words were placed in small sentence and short stories that the teacher gave...
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  • Diphthongs 1 - 231 Words
    Diphthongs Definition • Speech sound beginning with one vowel sound and moving to another vowel sound within the same syllable. For example, oy in the word boy. -In all diphthong the first part is much longer and stronger than the other part. • (Do not forget to make the second part shorter and quieter.) • one of the most common pronunciation mistakes that result in a learner of English having a "foreign" accent is the production of pure vowels where a diphthong should be pronounced Pure...
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  • Phonics Difficulties - 3475 Words
    This report will cover new diagnosing and assessing procedures are being used for phonics difficulties. The studies of recent diagnostic procedures for phonics difficulties are important to me, as a teacher because I can learn new ways of diagnosing my students with difficulties they may have in phonics as soon as those difficulties show themselves. Diagnostic testing for phonics is used to identify skill deficits and that need a plan of assistance. As a teacher, I can the most recent...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology: Study of the Production of Speech Sounds
    1. Phonetics and phonology Phonetics and phonology is a general theory about speech sounds and how they are used in language (Peter Roach, 2000). However, there are some differences between phonetics and phonology. a) Phonetics Phonetics is the study of human sounds in general without reference to their systemic role in a specific language. Phonetics can be divided into two categories. The first type of phonetics, articulatory phonetics, examines the speech organs and processes by which...
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  • intro to phonetics and phonology - 13034 Words
    Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Phonetics and phonology They are branches of linguistics that study speech sounds. Phonetics studies physical aspects of speech sounds (the production and perception of speech sounds, differences in sound quality, clear / l / vs dark / l /, / u: / vs / ʊ /, / p / vs / ph /, etc.). Three main areas of phonetics: - Articulatory phonetics: dealing with the way in which speech sounds are produced (sounds classified according to the position of the lips and the...
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  • English Conversation - 5366 Words
    Laboratory sessions: 1. Introduction to the Sounds of English- Vowels, Diphthongs & Consonants. 2. Introduction to Stress and Intonation. 3. Situational Dialogues / Role Play. 4. Oral Presentations- Prepared and Extempore. 5. ‘Just A Minute’ Sessions (JAM). 6. Describing Objects / Situations / People. 7. Information Transfer 8. Debate 9. Telephoning Skills. 10. Giving Directions. 1.Introduction to Sounds of English - Vowels, Diphthongs, Consonants Language has a very...
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  • Focus on the learner - 1451 Words
    A. Learner’s profile Virginia is a 29-year old native Spanish speaker born in Madrid. She is currently studying a professional training course and works as an animal caretaker. She is one of the A2 or Elementary proficiency level students of the Celta Teacher Training Program at International house Language School. She took part of the same program two years ago, but she didn’t continue studying English afterwards. Virginia studied English in primary and secondary school following a...
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  • The Rules of English Reading - 588 Words
    Department of Education and science of Ukraine M.P. Drahomanov Pedagogical University Foreign Philology Institute The rules of English words reading Completed by 41eu group student Maksjuta Lilya Kyiv 2009 CONTENTS Introduction 1. Factors which influence the...
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  • SchwaIn Linguistics Specifically Phonetics And Phonology
    Schwa In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (sometimes spelled shwa) refers to the mid-central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position. An example in English is the vowel sound in the 'a' of the word 'about'. Schwa in English is mainly found in unstressed positions, but in some other languages it occurs more frequently as a stressed vowel. In relation to certain...
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  • Glasgow Sonnet Essay - 1090 Words
    Glasgow sonnet is a touching poem written by Edwin Morgan and is about how Glasgow used to be, years ago and the effects that it had on people. It deals with an important issue such as poverty and we see the reality of it and how it shouldn’t be ignored. By examining Morgans use of techniques we will be able to seen more of the effects of poverty and how and things actually are Morgans makes the poem particularly effective by the use of sonnet structure, the first 8 lines show us the area and...
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  • Early Modern English Phonology
    1 TOPIC 12 (Abridged) EARLY MODERN ENGLISH PHONOLOGY AND SPELLING 1. INTRODUCTION The 15th c., following the death of Chaucer, marks a turning point in the history of English, for during this period the language underwent greater and more important phonological changes than in any other century before or since. Despite these changes in pronunciation, the old spelling was maintained and stereotyped. Generally speaking, Caxton and the printers who followed him based their spelling not on...
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  • Edu 371 Final - 1981 Words
    Final Assignment Amanda Kummer EDU 371: Phonics Based Reading & Decoding Instructor: Craig Smith August 12, 2013 Learning to read is a very important skill necessary for a productive and successful life. Reading helps lead to a successful academic career. Everything we learn comes from reading. The Action Reading program focuses on a systematic phonics instruction. Comprehension, vocabulary, fluency, phonemic awareness, and phonics are the main critical areas of effective...
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  • M.a Question Paper - 573 Words
    1st questn; write on a British Poet P.B. Shelley or any other,(wait ill tell u dis later) or Write an essay on a famous poem in English Literature.................................. or Write an essay on a period in the history of British Poetry................................ or Write an essay on a literary group in the history of British poetry in about 3000 words on the model provided in 36.5(in unit 36) full mark 100. 2nd Questn; BRITISH Drama; 1) Discuss Dr. Fautus as a tragedy...
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  • HowtoStudyKorean Unit 0 PDF
    HowtoStudyKorean.com Unit 0: Lessons 1 - 3 PDF file available for download at howtostudykorean.com 1 HowtoStudyKorean.com – Unit 0 PDF Table of Contents Unit 0 Lesson 1: Korean word structure and basic letters…………………………………….……….p.3 Lesson 2: More basic Korean letters…………………………………………………...………p.10 Lesson 3: Korean Dipthongs: Complex vowels………...………………………………..…….p.16 Korean alphabet: Quick reference………………………………………………..…..………..p.20 2 HowtoStudyKorean.com – Unit 0 PDF Introduction For now,...
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  • How to improve listening skill
    HOW TO… IMPROVE YOUR LISTENING by Hội các sĩ tử luyện thi IELTS on Wednesday, July 6, 2011 at 11:17am · By Nguyen Ngoc Van Khanh (Sưu tầm từ tạp chí Hot English Magazine(from UK), rất thích hợp cho các bạn có nhu cầu học Anh văn giao tiếp, và Anh văn thông dụng đấy ^^) Here are nine tips for improving your listening skills in English. 1. Accept the facts First of all, you need to accept the fact that you aren’t going to understand everything. Experts have shown that we only...
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  • Dos Reis Jorge - 4044 Words
    Speechant: a vowel notation system to teach English pronunciation Jorge dos Reis and Valerie Hazan This paper introduces a new vowel notation system aimed at aiding the teaching of English pronunciation. This notation system, designed as an enhancement to orthographic text, was designed to use concepts borrowed from the representation of musical notes and is also linked to the acoustic characteristics of vowel sounds. Vowel timbre is represented in terms of the height of the symbol and vowel...
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  • Introduction to the Six Syllable Types
    Six Syllable Types By: Louisa Moats and Carol Tolman (2008) Learn the six types of syllables found in English orthography, why it's important to teach syllables, and the sequence in which students learn about both spoken and written syllables. Six written syllable-spelling conventions are used in English spelling. These were regularized by Samuel Webster to justify his 1806 dictionary's division of syllables. The conventions are useful to teach because they help students remember when to...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology - 5575 Words
    Introduction English is a widespread language, spoken all over the world. It is the mother tongue of people of different nationalities, such as: British, American, Australian, Canadian and South African. It is the second language (language of instruction, used in administration and education) of several countries in Asia and Africa and it is learned as a foreign language in almost every country. Languages have different accents meaning they are pronounced differently by different people...
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  • Accented, Unaccented Schwa And Dipthongs
    ACCENTED & UNACCENTED /er/ ACCENTED/STRESSED /er/ only appears in /er/ stressed syllables. How To Pronounce: To make this sound, the lips will go round a bit. So, the corners come in, and that brings this part away from the face. The middle part of the tongue raises towards the roof of the mouth in the middle and the tongue actually touches the top teeth on either side. It presses against them. The front of the tongue ACCENTED/STRESSED Example (Spelling Pattern): /er/ • er – herd, serve,...
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  • German Filology - 1158 Words
    Длинные вопросы: germaani keelte iseloomulikud jooned 66.ablaut ehk apofoonia (grammatiline ja leksikaalne vokaalivaheldus) * The term Ablaut was coined by Jacob Grimm (1785–1863) * Gradation affects the IE vowels e and o * e-grade (full grade) * o-grade * zero grade (ø) * gradation in Indo-European: e – o – ø – ø * (cf Eng pedal vs podium) * gradation in Germanic: i – a – ø – ø * (cf Eng sing vs sang/song * 1) qualitative gradation...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology - 680 Words
    Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology Phonetic description of language Phonetic explanations for language sound patterns To explain patterns we see in language sound systems, we will make reference to two phonetic systems “the talker” articulation, aerodynamics “the listener” acoustics, speech perception The patterns we see in language sound systems can be classified into two sets: “process” sound alternations, conditioned changes “inventory” set of contrastive sounds in a language...
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  • Fundamentals of Phonetics - 820 Words
    YELLOW= MISSED QUESTIONS Purple = correct answers Question 14 ptsWhich of the following is a rounded back vowel?  Check all that apply. Which of the following is a rounded back vowel? Check all that apply. x | o | | a | x | u | | ə | Question 21 ptsWhat is the primary articulator used in creating vowels? What is the primary articulator used in creating vowels? | the vocal folds | | the pharynx | xx | the tongue | | the nasal cavity | Question...
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  • International Phonetic Alphabet and Right Index Finger
    Activity: LMA Box and six picture boxes ('a' 'e' 'i' 'o' 'u', 'mixed') Type: Individual Material: Large movable alphabet box, picture box, floor mat. The LMA box is a compartmentalized box with the one compartment for each latter of the alphabet. The vowels are in blue and the consonants are in pink color. There is more than one piece for each letter. The picture box is a small box with objects pictures which belong to the pink scheme . There are six picture boxes – one for each...
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  • Phonemic Awareness - 2070 Words
    In order for students to be successful, the teacher must do their share of importing information to the students. Teachers will need to review and or possibly teach the concept. Vowels are defined as A, E, I, O, U, they can be long or short. Vowels are speech sounds that exist in the English language and make up the central part of a syllable. Vowels are produced when air from the lungs passes through the mouth with minimal obstruction and without audible friction. Each vowel produces a...
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  • Plan - 1423 Words
    Lesson Plan in English II February 20, 2012 I. Objectives Differentiate between connotations from denotations in word interpretations. Appreciate reading poems as a means of art and value laden text. II. Subject Matter Topic: Denotation and Connotation of Words in a Poem Listening text: References: Materials: Visual Aids, flash cards Freedom Freedom Value Focus: III. Procedure A. Drill Class as I flash the cards; pronounce each word with proper stressing, either on...
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  • K2 Lesson Plan - 302 Words
    ENGLISH BUFFET CLASS Lesson 1: Class Format Introduction and Phonics Review (Consonants and Short vowels) -60 minutes |Time |Activities |Focus |Materials | |(minutes) | |...
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  • Curriculum Development for Small Group Esl
    Cohen Van Court EDU 580: Assessment 1 December 22, 2012 I. Description of Learners This private tutoring course has been developed for three elementary school girls, ages 8 - 11. They are sisters, recent immigrants from Saudi Arabia, who will be living and attending school in the U.S. for approximately two years. These students have been assigned a private English language tutor by Cartus Intercultural Language Solutions on behalf of Chevron Corporation, as part of their family’s...
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  • English Phonetics and Phonology - 467 Words
    THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG HKU SPACE Community College Associate Degree Programmes 2012-13 Course Document Course Title: English Phonetics and Phonology Course Code: C C 8 8 3 5 6 0 0 Aims and Objective This course will focus on articulatory phonetics and the classification of sounds in English. It will explain how English is pronounced in the context of a general theory about speech sounds and how they are organized in languages. Topics will include the speech production mechanism; the...
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  • Improving English Reading Skills Among Pupils Through Activity Method
    UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION Improving English reading skills among pupils through activity method HABIB AHMED FOSO COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ASSIN FOSO 2008 UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION IMPROVING ENGLISH READING SKILLS AMONG PRIMARY SIX PUPILS OF DARMANG CATHOLIC SCHOOL THROUGH ACTIVITY METHOD BY HABIB AHMED FOSO COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ASSIN FOSO 2008 A PROJECT WORK SUBMITTED TO THE INSTITUTE OF EDUCATIONOF THE FACULTY OF...
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  • Case Study - 538 Words
    Case Study 1) General Information: Student name: Larry money Date of Testing: Grade: 1 Date of Birth: Chronological Age: School: 2) Reason for Assessment: is currently having difficulties with learning and behavior. frequently is out of his throughout the day, and answers aloud before being called on to give the answers and struggles to follow directions. also has learning difficulties in reading decoding and reading comprehension. 3) Background Information: lives with is...
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  • SYLLABLE CONSONANT CLUSTERS - 733 Words
     STRUCTURE OF SYLLABLES Introduction: Syllable is a unit of human speech that is interpreted by the listener as a single sound. Every word in English is made up of one or more syllables. A syllable consists of vowels and consonants. The central element of a syllable is normally a vowel sound and the marginal elements are usually consonants. At times a single vowel itself can constitute a syllable. In India, languages are syllable-timed languages so uniform stress is given to different...
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  • Syllable Division - 2726 Words
    A BRIEF STUDY ON SYLLABLE DIVISION: HELPING EFL LEARNERS Abstract: This article will present some considerations on syllable division in order to help EFL learners. Some theories will be presented so that it is possible to check the various studies on such important topic. A scheme about separating the syllables will be shown and a topic on ambisyllabicity as well. Key-Words: Syllable Division. Theories. Syllable Structure Introduction The syllable is a basic unit of speech studied on...
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  • Curriculum Guide for Spoken Language and Word Recognition
     Curriculum Guide for Spoken Language and Word Recognition Supported by Research-Based Practices SPE-359 Characteristics of Learning Disabilities and Strategies to Teach Individuals with LD May 31, 2015 For students, understanding the ways written language represents the way they speak is key to literacy (Bear, D., Invernizzi, M., Templeton, S., & Johnston, F. (2011). Wilson Fundations, better known as “Fundations”, is a K-3 phonological/phonemic awareness, phonics and spelling...
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  • CELTA - Focus On Learner Pronunciation Problems
    PROBLEM: The “R” sound In Portuguese, R at the beginning of words, at the end of words, or before a consonant is pronounced like H. Many Brazilian students carry this habit into English words, pronouncing “restaurant” as “hestaurant” and “far” as “fah.” It’s especially common when the English word and the Portuguese word are similar, such as in “restaurant” and “regular.” SOLUTION: First, I have my students work on pronouncing the English R sound by itself. I demonstrate the correct mouth...
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  • Classroom Observation of How Music Is Used in a Classroom
    Glenneisha Jones Music & Movement March 10, 2011 Music In The Classroom For my classroom observation, I chose the three year old room at my daycare. In this classroom, music and rhythm were utilized numerous times during my observational period. Upon entering the classroom, the children were working on their morning journals and listening to classical music. After the children were done it was time for them to transition and prepare for breakfast. To keep the students calm,...
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  • WGU Lesson Plan Format 0913 2ndPlan
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  • none - 408 Words
    yhdcjhfdkdfykfkgsdgdhgdshsdhdhffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff f Hindustani natively possesses a symmetrical ten-vowel system.[1] The vowels: [ə], [ɪ], [ʊ] are always short in length, while the vowels: [aː, iː, uː, eː, oː, ɛː, ɔː] are always considered long (but see the details below). Among the close vowels, what in Sanskrit are thought to have been primarily distinctions of vowel length (that is /i ~ iː/ and /u ~ uː/) have become in Hindustani distinctions of quality, or length...
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  • Celta: Assigment 2 - 1612 Words
    1. Background and education framework For this assignment I interviewed XXX, a 26 year old refugee from Eritrea. The political situation in his country is grave. It is a single-party presidential republic, where any kind of outspoken criticism is punished without trial. Back home the government recruited him to be a soldier and as he would not comply, he had to run. He fled to Slovenia with his wife, leaving three children in Eritrea to live with their grandparents until he and his wife find a...
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  • Stages of Spelling Development - 1548 Words
    In the first stage, called the Emergent Stage, children are able to convey his/her message by scribbling, drawing shapes, writing mock letters, and/or random strings of letters/numbers. In some cases, one letter represents an entire word or the most salient sound of a word. Some Emergent children confuse letters, numbers, and letter-like forms and substitute letters and sounds that feel and look alike (e.g., the sounds /v/ and /f/, the letters d and b) The child generally lacks knowledge of...
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  • to make india a happy and phosperous nation
     HomeAlphabetsHindi Lessons Hindi Grammar Hindi Exercises Basic Words and Phrases Daily Hindi About Home › Learn Hindi Alphabets Learn Hindi Alphabets ABCD of Hindi The first step of any language is to learn its alphabets. We all started from A for Apple, B for Bat and C for Cat. This lesson is an short introduction on Hindi alphabets. let ush shtart!!! Hindi is written in Devanagari script. On a paper, it is written from left to right just like English. There are 12 vowels and...
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  • Spelling and Phonics problem - 444 Words
    Case Study of Jose Vincent Pama, a Grade III Pupil of Imbang Grande Elementary School Teacher comments: I, as class adviser, am concerned that, in spite of receiving intervention services, Jose Vincent is still not reading with fluency. Reading comprehension is another concern, as is Jose Vincent’s writing--in particular, his grammar and spelling. Jose Vincent’s performance in the classroom is inconsistent. I feel that there are social-emotional issues, but generally finds Jose Vincent to...
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  • CELTA London highgate - 1137 Words
    London Highgate Cambridge CELTA Language Awareness Task Please note that your written English as well as the content of your answers forms part of our evaluation of your application. Section 1. Learning and Teaching Here are some statements about English language learning and teaching. Indicate on the continuum the extent to which you agree with them. Example- Language is primarily about communication. Yes [ X ] No...
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  • Sociolinguistics - 848 Words
    Assignment one: Tempo 1. What is the speaking rate of speaker A versus speaker B? Speaker A Speaker A equation Speaker B Speaker B equation Speaking rate is 3.93 syllables per second. Number of syllables in the utterances = 21. Total duration = 5.34 seconds. 21 ÷ 5.34 = 3.93 syllables per second. Speaking rate is 4.69 syllables per second. Number of syllables in the utterances = 21 Total duration = 4.47 seconds. 21 ÷ 4.70 = 4.69 syllables per second....
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  • The Practice of Social Work: Community Intervention
    Theoretical knowledge Our community intervention followed the guidelines of two models of community work to facilitate a more organized and informed approach for making our intervention at the Bless the Children Home orphanage practicable. The Community Education model and the Community Development model we found applicable to our community intervention. In addition to these two models we also employed our education of cultural awareness to help us to be more useful to the children in the...
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  • Manner of Articulation - 437 Words
    Manner of Articulation Stop - Complete closure of the oral cavity. [p], [t], and [k] are examples of oral stops because the nasal cavity is closed as well (i.e. there is no airflow through the nose). [m] and [n] are examples of nasal stops because the nasal cavity remains open allowing airflow through the nose. On a spectrogram oral stops are chracterized by a gap in the formants during the closure, followed by a sharp resumption at the release. Stops can be aspirated in which case the...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology - 3325 Words
    REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA EXPERIMENTAL LIBERTADOR INSTITUTO PEDAGÓGICO DE CARACAS CÁTEDRA DE FONÉTICA Y FONOLOGÍA ASIGNATURA: FONÉTICA Y FONOLOGÍA II AN ANALYSIS OF A SPEECH SAMPLE IN WHICH UNDERLIE A VARIETY OF ENGLISH VOWEL SOUNDS Authors: Aymara Villasmil Daniel Rodríguez CARACAS, FEBRERO DE 2011 INTRODUCTION Throughout the years, a variety of famous...
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  • History of English - 34045 Words
    Plan Lecture Classes 1-2: Old English Phonetics Historical background. Pre-Germanic Britain. Celts. Branches of Celtic languages. Germanic settlement in Britain. Historical events between 5th and 11th centuries. The linguistic situation in Britain before and after the Germanic settlement. Old English (OE) dialects. OE written records. Runic inscriptions OE manuscripts. OE poetry. OE prose. OE Alphabet and Pronunciation. Word Stress in OE. Changes of stressed vowels in Early OE....
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  • Language and Phonics - 2618 Words
    “The Montessori classroom uses the phonics approach to teach reading. Outline the graded phonics sequence and state the reading skills required at each stage. Suggest other activities that can be used to encourage children to read.” The natural purpose of language is the expression and communication of meaning in our daily living. It enables us to express our needs, share our experiences and learn from each other. Language is the medium of thought and of learning. Language is needed to...
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  • WGU Lesson Plan Format 0913 1stPlan
    LESSON PLAN Name: Raymond Yarbrough WGU Task Objective Number: V1 UNDERGRAD-0510 GENERAL INFORMATION Lesson Title & Subject(s): Over in the Jungle- A Rain Forest Rhyme Word Recognition Topic or Unit of Study: Word Recognition Grade/Level: 1st Grade Instructional Setting: This is a 1st grade class made up of 12 first grade students. There are 7 Girls and 5 Boys. There is 1 male student with general academic IEP that covers all subjects as well as 1 male and 1 female student that have...
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  • The Phonology of African American Vernacular English
    The Phonology of African American Vernacular English Table of contents 1. Introduction…………………………………………………………….………...…….1 2. African American Vernacular English (AAVE)……………………….………...….…2 3.1. Vowel phonemes of AAVE……………………………………………………...……2 3.2. Consonant phonemes of AAVE…………………………………………………...…..3 3.3. Syllable structure…………………………………………………….…………….......6 3.4. Prosodic features……………………………………………………….…………...…7 3....
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  • Phonetics of English - 5074 Words
    Phonetics of English Outline 1. Classification of English consonants 2. Classification of English vowels 3. Modifications of consonants and vowels 4. British and American pronunciation models. Most distinctive features of American English pronunciation 5. Suprasegmental phonetics 1. Classification of English consonants Russian phoneticians classify consonants according to the following principles: i) degree of noise; ii) place of articulation; iii) manner of articulation; iv)...
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  • Vocal Warm Up - 250 Words
    Posture – Stand with your feet apart. Hang your trunk and arms down from your waist. Gently bob down, stretching your fingers to touch the floor if possible. Slowly stand erect. Repeat, but this time sway gently from side to side, rhythmically. Slowly raise to erect position. On this one you are relaxing your body so that your posture is more natural and you aren't tensing anything. Also it gives you more control over your voice and gives it the best conditions. Breathing - Inhale...
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  • The Commonest Mistakes Made by Brazilian Students
    Most of the mistakes made by Brazilian students originate in a naïve conception of how languages work, what lead the students to think over both the English and the Portuguese phonetic systems as an identical source of patterns to decipher the new words that they are learning. This problem, however, is not a students’ fault but it is due to the common contemporary approaches that emphasize communication rather than pronunciation, treating them as separate studies (when, in fact, they are...
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  • Fuller Approach - 505 Words
    Teaching Learning to Read in English through the Fuller Technique The fuller is a combination of the alphabet, phonics and whole methods of teaching word recognition. The technique requires that the beginning reader should have first the ff: Mastery of the names and shapes of the letters of the alphabet. Adequate vocabulary so that the words used in the Fuller lessons will have meaning for him. The examples given should start with a single consonant. (S as in snakes may not be good example) How...
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  • ESSAY Project Plan 2
    Introduction The topic of our research is about the interference of the first language (L1) to the second language acquisition (SLA). This research looks into the L1 learners’ production of phonemes in their second language (L2), English. The topic is relevant to SLA as speaking is one of the fundamental skills in SLA. Pronunciation, in particular, is a very important mechanism for a fluent communication. In fact, pronunciation is believed to be involved in the learners’ phonological loop....
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  • Phonetics as a Branch of Linguistics - 23739 Words
    GLOSSARY Academic style – also scientific style, a style of speech used in lectures, scientific discussions, conferences, etc Accent – 1) type of pronunciation, that is the way sounds, stress, rhythm and intonation are used in the given language community. 2) see stress. Accommodation - modifications of consonants under the influence of the neighbouring vowels and vice versa. Acoustic Phonetics – science which deals with...
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  • Introduction to Voice Stage - 303 Words
    Vowels - Ch.5 In “The Articulate Voice” chapter 9 “Vowels” by Lynn K. Wells explains the importance of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that represent over 40 sounds from 26 letters in English alphabet. She reminds us “IPA Symbols is equals to sound not spelling “(p.147). Under the Approach to vowel study section, L.K. Wells give us the characteristics and classification of vowels. Characteristics: All vowels are voiced and have vocal fold vibration. In vowels production there is...
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  • Spanish vs English - 692 Words
    LaGuardia Community College The English Language Center Zully Katherin Patiño Viviescas Professor Paul Metzger June 8, 2013 Saturday Program Level 6- Spring 2013 Spanish versus English Proficiency in a second language involves the acquisition of range of knowledge and skills conditioned in part by experiences lived that will help you in your personal...
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  • Lack of English Proficiency Among University Students
    English Phonetics and Phonology: An Introduction [ILLUSTRATED] (Paperback) by Philip Carr (Author) "Speech sounds are made by modifying an airstream..." (more) Key Phrases: word stress assignment, realizational differences, academic banter, Scottish English, English Phonemes, Standard English Phonology • Phonetics -- What are the sounds? How are they made in the mouth? • Phonology -- How do sounds combine? How are they memorized? Speaker's Mind → Speaker's Mouth → Listener's...
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  • Language Deviation - 1712 Words
    SOUND IN LITERATURE A. MUSICAL DEVICES THROUGH THE SOUND OF LANGUAGE • All art consists of giving structure to two elements: repetition and variation; the combination makes us enjoy art greatly and lastingly. If we get too much sameness, the result is monotony and tedium(feeling bored); if we get too much variety, the result is bewilderment and confusion. • In good poems, repetition will serve several purposes: it will please the ears, emphasize the words in which the repetition occurs...
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  • Phonemes - 518 Words
    UNIVERSIDAD ARTURO MICHELENA FACULTAD DE HUMANIDADES ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS ASIGNATURA: ORAL II CÓDIGO: HLI 203 PROFESSOR: EYINELL OTERO DUARTE 2nd SEMESTER… SECCIÓN _2_ / _3_ GUIDE # 1… (August September) PHONETICS It is the study of speech sounds. By the description of all sounds human apparatus can produce. PHONOLOGY It is the study of how speech sounds function in a language. ORGANS OF SPEECH The most important organs used to produce sounds are: nose,...
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  • Teaching Initial Consonant Clusters
    I. INTRODUCTION In a successful communication, anyone taking part in the communication has to understand what their partner speaks. That a speaker mispronounces a word is likely to cause difficulties for other people to comprehend the message he wants to express. Clearly, a proper pronunciation can never inhibit successful communication. Particularly in the context of learning English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL), native – like pronunciation surely helps the native people...
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  • Babbling: the First Stage of Language Development Is Known as the Prelinguistic,
    Babbling: The first stage of language development is known as the prelinguistic, babbling or cooing stage. During this period, which typically lasts from the age of three to nine months, babies begin to make vowel sounds such as oooooo and aaaaaaa. By five months, infants typically begin to babble and add consonant sounds to their sounds such as ba-ba-ba, ma-ma-ma or da-da-da. Single Words: The second stage is known as the one-word or holophase stage of language development. Around the...
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  • Фонетика - 19594 Words
     Лекции по теоретической фонетике Примерные вопросы для контроля знаний 1. Phonetics as a branch of linguistics. Phonetics and other disciplines. Applications of phonetics. 2. Branches of phonetics. 3. Aspects of the sound matter of language. 4. Components of the phonetic system of language. 5. National and regional pronunciation variants in English. 6. British and American pronunciation models. 7. Most distinctive features of BBC English and Network English. 8. The...
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  • WGU Lesson Plan Format 0913 3rdPlan
    LESSON PLAN Name: Raymond Yarbrough WGU Task Objective Number: V1 UNDERGRAD-0510 / Sub Domain: 602.8 GENERAL INFORMATION Lesson Title & Subject(s): Phonemic Awareness/Reading Topic or Unit of Study: Phonemic Awareness Grade/Level: 1st Grade Instructional Setting: This is a 1st grade class made up of 12 first grade students. There are 7 Girls and 5 Boys. There is 1 male student with general academic IEP that covers all subjects as well as 1 male and 1 female student that have speech IEPs....
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  • Wealth and Happiness Do Not Necessarily Go Together
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  • 1992 - 736 Words
    At the beginning of our essay we would like to say what is: The General British (GB) and The General American (GA). In easiest way to explain English presents wide variation in pronunciation. In spite of that, we mark out two standard listed above. The first one characterized by having seven short and five long vowels, and eight diphthongs. In opposite to GB, GA has: six lax and seven tense vowels, three wide diphthongs and two retroflexed vowels (“r” coloured). At the first part we focus on...
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  • Tentative Documents - 761 Words
    CONTENTS FOR A TEN DAY ENGLISH COMMUNICATION WORKSHOP FOR PRIMARY CHILDREN: 1. Pronunciation: Speaking always precedes reading. Even an illiterate man can speak and his pronunciation of words is a result of practice. A little baby also learns to speak first and read later. Pronouncing words is not rocket science. It involves an understanding of English vowels and consonants and also basic phonetics. 2. Reading practice: When we read English text books we come across a variety...
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  • Teaching Phonics - 524 Words
    Flash cards are excellent teaching tools to help students learn short vowel sounds and other phonics skills. These flash cards will help you reinforce skills in short vowel sounds at home or at school. 1. Flash Cards for Short Vowel Sounds These flash cards can help children and adult learners with short vowel sounds. The constant time delay technique is an effective strategy to use with these and any other flash cards teaching other skills in other subject areas. Flash Cards for Short Vowel...
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  • Articulatory Phonetics - 9917 Words
    14 CHAPTER 2 Articulatory Phonetics SPEECH SOUND FORM LEARNING OBJECTIVES 2 When you have finished this chapter, you should be able to: • List the differences in production and function of vowels versus consonants. • Identify the three descriptive parameters that are used for vowel articulations, and classify the vowels of American English using those three parameters. • Differentiate between monophthong and diphthong vowels. • Define centering diphthongs. • Differentiate between a...
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  • International Phonetic Alphabet - 389 Words
    tantimoon.com Advice and help for serious English learners Phonetic alphabets reference The IPA column contains the symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet, as used in phonemic transcriptions in modern English dictionaries. The ASCII column shows the corresponding symbol in the Antimoon ASCII Phonetic Alphabet, which can be used to type the pronunciation of words on a computer without the use of special fonts. For a full description of the alphabets + audio recordings of the sounds,...
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  • Review of Related Literature and Studies
    American Intonation Do's and Don'ts Do not speak word by word. Bob…is…on…the…phone… If you speak word by word, as many people who learned "printed" English do, you'll end up sounding mechanical and foreign. You may have noticed the same thing happens in your own language: When someone reads a speech, even a native speaker, it sounds stiff and stilted, quite different from a normal conversational tone. Connect words to form sound groups. This is where you're going to start doing...
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  • Phonetics project - 5246 Words
     UNIVERSITY OF QUINTANA ROO PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY CLASS December 13th, 2012. Field Investigation of the English VI Class Nowadays, it is still argued whether or not it is important to teach pronunciation to students of English. Most teachers decide not to correct their students when they make mistakes and they focus on improving other skills like writing or the use of language and grammar. On the other hand, to some teachers it is necessary to be familiar with the correct...
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  • Unfamiliar Text NCEA Revision Level 1
    Language Feature Definition General Effect Example Explanation of Example Metaphor Comparison of one thing to another. It says “that one thing IS another” Can visualise object clearly to comparison drawn “skull-like coconuts” “the sea is a hungry dog” Allows us to imagine the colour and shape and texture of the coconuts being deadly hard dented and discoloured like skulls. Personification Giving something human characteristics Bring the object to life The sea...
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  • writing - 455 Words
    1. David F. Dalton pointed out that Arabic speakers would find it difficult to distinguish between / p / and / b / , Japanese speakers will not be aware of the difference between / l / and / r / and Spanish speakers will hava a trouble realising consonant clusters like [ sts ]. Topic : Teaching English Language. Subtopic : Teaching English pronunciation. Author: David F. Dalton Date : January, 1997. Quotation : We can predict that Arabic speakers will have difficulty distinguishing...
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  • English: Syllable Formal Ion
    The syllabic structure in English Outline 1. Theories on syllable formal ion and division. 2. The structure and functions of syllables in English 1. Theories on syllable formation and division Speech can be broken into minimal pronounceable units into which sounds show a tendency to cluster or group. These smallest phonetic groups arc generally given the name of syllables. Being the smallest pronounceable units, syllables form morphemes, words and phrases....
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  • Teaching Pronunciation - 15979 Words
    Teaching Pronunciation Using the Prosody Pyramid Judy B. Gilbert cambridge university press Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo Cambridge University Press 32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, USA www.cambridge.org © Cambridge University Press 2008 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written...
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  • Lexical Features Structure Features and Rhetorical Devices of English Newspaper Headlines
    Lexical Features Structure Features and Rhetorical Devices of English Newspaper Headlines 陈伟创 ( 030224101, Class 1, Grade 2003, SFS, SCNU ) Abstract: With the development of mass media, newspaper is one of the major media for us to get information all over the world. Nowadays English newspaper is very popular and read all over Chine. However, many people still have difficulty in understanding English newspaper headlines even for some English majors. This is because English...
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  • Doi Chieu Nguyen Am Anh Viet
    COMPARE ENGLISH VOWELS AND VIETNAMESE VOWELS Introduction: As a developing country, Vietnam currenty has an urgent need for the international language English to attract foreign investment as well as promote the economy, especially after becoming a member of the World Trade Organization. English, previously included in the curriculum from the first year of middle school, is now officially taught for children from six years old. Foreign language centers are dramatically...
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  • connected speech - 741 Words
    Connected speech What is connected speech? When we speak naturally we do not pronounce a word, stop, then say the next word in the sentence. Fluent speech flows with a rhythm and the words bump into each other. To make speech flow smoothly the way we pronounce the end and beginning of some words can change depending on the sounds at the beginning and end of those words. These changes are described as features of connected speech. Various features contribute to characterise natural connected...
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