Spinal cord Essays & Research Papers

Best Spinal cord Essays

  • The Spinal Cord - 509 Words
    1. White matter is found on the outside or surface of the cord. It connects the cord and the brain and is made up of nerve fibres. White matter contains motor fibres which run down from the motor centre of the brain, the cerebrum and the cerebellum to the motor cells of the cord Sensory fibres also run up the cord from the sensory cells of the cord to the sensory centre of the brain. 2. ANTERIOR HORNS – The anterior horns of the spinal cord is the front grey matter section of the...
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  • Spinal Cord Injury - 372 Words
    1 Instructor: Psychological 1010 April 13, 2011 Spinal Cord Injury Each year thousands in the U.S. experience damage to the nerve bundles that carry messages from the brain to the rest of the body. Studies show about 12,000 spinal cords injuries occur in the United States each year. About 262.000 Americans live with spinal cord injury. The average age used to be age 29, statistic now show age 40. There are several causes of spinal cord injury between 1990 -2003. The vast majority are...
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  • Spinal Cord Injury Case
    SPINAL CORD INJURY CASE STUDY 2 Abstract This spinal cord injury case is about my 50 year old brother named Kevin that fell off our mother’s roof and fractured his vertebra at the T5-T9 level. He is now a paraplegic that has come to live with my family. What is his functional level to this day? What are the capabilities and functional...
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  • Spinal Cord Injury - 981 Words
    Running head: SPINAL CORD INJURY Spinal Cord Injury Shannon G. Johnston, RN, CEN Liberty University Abstract There are many types of spinal cord injuries (SCI). Patients with SCI can symptoms that range from mild neurologic impairment (such as numbness and tingling of extremities or neck pain) to devastating total body paralysis depending on the extent of damage and where in the spinal cord the damage occurs. Management of airway, breathing and circulation are key with SCI patients, as...
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  • All Spinal cord Essays

  • Spinal Cord Injuries - 6254 Words
    Spinal cord injuries If the spinal cord is damaged in an accident, the sections below the injury will be cut off from the circuit of information to and from your brain. This means, all nerves - and all body parts - linked to these areas of the spinal cord will also be disconnected from your brain and will stop functioning. Well protected To minimise the risk of such an injury, your spinal cord is well protected: Three tough envelopes called meninges surround your spinal cord A clear fluid,...
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  • Meninges and Spinal Cord - 747 Words
    Heidi Johnson BIOL 115 Nervous System Case Study 12/04/2014 Meningitis Nancy, a 24-year-old nurse, took a day off work as she had a headache. Over the day her headache worsened, she became intolerant to light, and she developed a rash on her legs and chest. Nancy’s mother rushed her into hospital where a lumbar puncture was performed in order to gather a sample of cerebrospinal fluid. The lumbar puncture revealed that Nancy had meningitis. Meningitis is caused by an infection of the...
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  • Study Guide Spinal Cord
    MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) In the spinal cord, white matter is organized into ascending and descending tracts grouping into A) nuclei. B) nerves. C) columns. D) ganglia. E) horns. 2) Enlargements of the spinal cord occur A) adjacent to the anterior median fissure. B) in the filum terminale. C) near the posterior median sulcus. D) in segments of the spinal cord that control the limbs. E) in the...
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  • Spinal Cord Injury - 674 Words
    Spinal Cord Injury * Short Case Study #3 1. Describe the functional anatomy of the spinal cord using the following terms: white matter, gray matter, tracts, roots, and spinal nerves. * White matter is one of the two components of the central nervous system, and it consists of glial cells and myelinated axons that transmit signals from one region of the cerebrum to another as well as in between the cerebrum and lower brain centers. Grey matter contains neural cell bodies....
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  • Stages of Spinal Cord Injury Research
    (THIS WAS AN INFORMATIVE SPEECH I DID FOR MY COM220 CLASS ON THE STAGES OF SPINAL CORD INJURY RESEARCH. IT ACTED AS AN INTRODUCTION TO MY PERSUASIVE SPEECH ON THE BENEFITS OF STEM CELL RESEARCH) There are about a quarter of a million people in the United States living with spinal cord injuries. In addition, between 7,600 and 10,000 new injuries occur each year. Nearly half of these new injuries will occur in young people between the ages of 16 and 30. As a person in this category, I have...
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  • Practice Exam Questions on Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
    Practice Exam #4 – Chapters 12, 13, 14 & 15 1) What would normally be found within the central canal of the spinal cord? a) Blood b) Myelin c) Cerebrospinal fluid d) Air e) Gray matter 2) The filum terminale is a) The roots of spinal nerves hanging inferiorly from the end of the spinal cord in the vertebral column b) An indentation on the dorsal side of the spinal cored c) The tapered end of the spinal cord d) An extension of the pia mater that anchors the spinal cord to the...
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  • A case study of spinal cord injury
     Instructor: Dr. Daniel Kifle June 16, 2014 A Case of Spinal Cord Injury 1. Describe the functional anatomy of the spinal cord using the following terms: white matter, gray matter, tracts, roots and spinal nerves. The spinal cord consists of a superficial White matter and a deep Gray matter. The white matter consists of myelinated axons, which form nerve tracts and the Gray matter consists of neuron cell bodies, dendrites and axons. The white matter in...
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  • Case Study on Spinal Cord Injury
    Neurologic Pre - operative/ Post- operative: Client is conscious, coherent, responsive and communicates well. He is able to recall past memories and has normal cognitive ability. He is oriented to time, place and person but is depressed regarding his current situation. Client is able to express his concerns to his family. Anatomy and Physiology SpinalCord The spinal cord is part of the central nervous system of the human body. It is a vital pathway that conducts electrical...
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  • Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and the Autonomic Nervous System Review Sheet 21
    R E V I E W NAME ____________________________________ LAB TIME/DATE _______________________ S H E E T EXERCISE 21 Print Form Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and the Autonomic Nervous System Anatomy of the Spinal Cord 1. Match each anatomical term in the key to the descriptions given below. Key: a. D C B A cauda equina 1. 2. 3. 4. b. conus medullaris c. filum terminale d. foramen magnum most superior boundary of the spinal cord meningeal extension beyond the spinal cord terminus...
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  • Spinal Cord Injuries in Adapted Physical Education
    Jenna Forrest Gayle McDonald KIN426 March 1, 2012 Spinal Cord Injuries in Adapted Physical Education Imagine what a class of third graders would look like during their PE class at school. You might see one child outrunning all of the rest in a 50-yard dash, or maybe a group of children partaking in a game of hopscotch. But what about the child in a wheelchair who suffers from a spinal cord injury? Approximately 25% of children in the public school system suffer from orthopedic impairments...
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  • Absence of Local Sign Withdrawal in Chronic Human Spinal Cord Injury
    Absence of Local Sign Withdrawal in Chronic Human Spinal Cord Injury Spinal cord • Main pathway of communication between the brain and the rest of the body. • Soft tube-like structure of nerves that extends downward from the base of the brain. • Protected by the bones of spinal column. - Nerves enter and exits from the spinal cord through its length, passing through small openings between each vertebra. • It is highly organized. - Anterior motor...
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  • Spinal Immobilisation - 2660 Words
    Spinal Immobilisation: A Literature Review A review of the literature regarding spinal immobilisation has been undertaken using databases for PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, OVID and Cochrane EBM. Reviews were electronically searched using the subject headings “spinal injuries”, “spinal immobilisation” and “management of spinal injuries”. The results generated by the search were limited to English language articles and reviewed for relevance to the topic. The aim of this literature review is to...
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  • Spinal Immobilization - 3432 Words
    Clinical paramedicine 2 HSC6115D | Pre-hospital Spinal Immobilization | Literature Review | | 21200777 | | Word count = 2703 | Contents Abstract 3 Introduction 4 Spinal cord injury 4 Current Management 5 The Literature 7 Cervical spine immobilization 7 Full spinal immobilization 9 Conclusion 11 Bibliography 12 Abstract Background: A literature review form a variety of references, in particular journal articles, textbooks and information from...
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  • Chapter 61 Nursing Management Peripheral Nerve And Spinal C
    Chapter 61: Nursing Management: Peripheral Nerve and Spinal Cord Problems Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The nurse assessing a 54-year-old female patient with newly diagnosed trigeminal neuralgia will ask the patient about a. visual problems caused by ptosis. b. triggers leading to facial discomfort. c. poor appetite caused by loss of taste. d. weakness on the affected side of the face. ANS: B The major clinical manifestation of trigeminal neuralgia is severe facial pain that is triggered by...
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  • Global Spinal Laminoplasty Market - Industry Analysis, Trends And Forecast, 2013 – 2019
    Single User License: Spinal Laminoplasty Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Growth And Forecast, 2013 - 2019 USD 4315.5 Flat 10% Discount!!  Transparency Market Research State Tower, 90, State Street, Suite 700. Albany, NY 12207 United States www.transparencymarketresearch.com sales@transparencymarketresearch.com    Report will be delivered with in 15-20 working days Free Customization as per your requirement You will get Custom...
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  • Chiari Malformation Case Report
    Chiari I malformation with acute neurologic deficit after craniocervical trauma: Case report, imaging and anatomic considerations David E. Adler, MD, Josha Woodward, BS Legacy Emanuel Hospital In patients with Chiari I malformation, the occurrence of acute neurological deficit after craniocervical trauma is rare. This case describes a 41-year-old male who sustained a single blow to the face, fell and struck the occiput. On admission, neurologic exam revealed a profound paraparesis, upper...
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  • Dr. Joseph Grenier's Md Phd Als Indices & Typologies
    Joseph J Grenier MD PhD ALS Indices & Typologies: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis presents as an upper motor neuron UMN, mixed motor neuron MMN, or a lower motor neuron picture when patients first see their doctor about symptoms. Upper motor neuron signs are thought to be most common in human adults over the age of 50, with a peak incidence of 55 to 65 years of age. The UMN deficits are more prevalent as one goes up the primate phylogenetic scale with incidents higher in chimps, who share 95%...
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  • Factor Contributes to Student Absenteeism
    Spinal Cord InjuriesArticle Last Updated: Aug 8, 2006 BackgroundPatients with spinal cord injury (SCI) usually have permanent and often devastating neurologic deficits and disability. According to the National Institutes of Health, "among neurological disorders, the cost to society of automotive SCI is exceeded only by the cost of mental retardation."The goals for the emergency physician are to establish the diagnosis and initiate treatment to prevent further neurologic injury from either...
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  • bio flashcards - 2781 Words
    The areas of Michael's brain that were injured during his birth affected his control over his voluntary movements. Which part of the nervous system distributes motor commands to skeletal muscles? Somatic nervous system The somatic nervous system controls the contractions of skeletal muscles and is under voluntary control. Which principle descending motor pathway provides conscious control over voluntary muscle movements? Corticospinal pathway The corticospinal pathway is also called the...
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  • Medical Term - 1467 Words
    Chapter 8 Vocabulary in the power point slides. Starting on page 240: Afferent nerves-transmitters of nerve impulses toward the CNS; sensory nerves Analgesia-without sensitivity to pain Anesthesia-without feeling or sensation Aphasia-inability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs because of injury or disease to certain areas of the brain Arachnoid membrane-weblike middle layer of the three membranous layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord Ataxia-without muscular...
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  • SCI case study - 731 Words
     1. Why did Allen’s heart rate and blood pressure fall in this time of emergency (i.e. at a time when you’d expect just the opposite homeostatic response)? Pg. 969 This occurred because Allen’s spinal cord has decreased perfusion due to damage, and a broken vertebral bone. Also, there has been a disruptions of the sympathetic fibers of his autonomic nervous system therefore it can no longer stimulate the heart. Allen likely has spinal shock. 2. Upon admission to the hospital, Allen’s...
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  • Functions and Dysfunction of the Nervous System
    Jade Whytell A06- Functions and Dysfunction of the nervous system 17/04/2013 The Brain- The brain, when fully developed, is a large organ which fulls the cranial cavity. Early in its development the brain becomes divided into three parts known as the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. The forebrain is the largest part and comprises the cerebrum, it is divided into right and left hemispheres by a deep longitudinal fissure. The separation is complete at the front and the back...
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  • Casualty Handling and Extrication - 5451 Words
    Casualty Handling Immobilisation And Extrication Extrication Devices Immobilisation Devices Rescue Stretchers Contents. Southampton (Yeldrin) Sling Neil Robertson Stretcher Paraguard Rescue Stretcher Orthopedic Scoop Stretcher Extrication Back Boards Long Spinal Board Extrication from a vehicle Log Rolling at Patient onto a Spinal Board Back Boarding the Standing Patient Securing a patient to the Long Spinal Board When to immobilise the spine Head...
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  • Anatomy and Physiology Outline - 3386 Words
    Outline Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, Somatic Reflexes-Chapter 13 Reflexes- they are involuntary stereotyped responses to stimuli, they involve the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves Spinal cord- cylinder nervous tissue that begins at the foramen magnum and passes through the vertebral canal as far as the inferior margin of the first lumbar vertebrae (L1), 18 inches long and ½ inches wide Anterior Median Fissure- in the front, deeper Posterior Median Sulcus- in the back, shallow ▪Two...
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  • Neuro Case Studies - 2156 Words
    | Neuro Case Studies | Pathophysiology case study week 7: Neurological Question #1 Brett reached into a clogged snow blower to clear the chute while it was still running. He completely severed one finger and partially severed another on his left hand. After lengthy surgery to reattach his fingers, he has regained much of his motor ability but has lost some of his sensory function. What factors are involved that affect the regeneration of Brett’s neurons and neuron function?...
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  • a& p chapter 10 - 2254 Words
    Chapter 10-12: Nervous System & Special Senses 1. Masses of myelinated nerve fibers appear a. white. b. gray. c. brown. d. transparent. Answer: A 2. Which of the following lists the parts of a reflex arc in the correct sequence? a. receptor, sensory neuron, motor neuron, interneuron, effector b. effector, receptor, sensory neuron, motor neuron, interneuron c. effector, sensory neuron, receptor, interneuron, motor neuron d. receptor, sensory neuron, interneuron, motor neuron,...
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  • Case Study 4 - 1348 Words
    Module 08 Case Study: CNS Movement Disorders Part I—"Harry" Questions 1. What condition or conditions (disease/diseases) could Harry have as described in this case? Which one would be your primary diagnosis? In a very general explanation, describe this condition/disease. (1 point) Harry suffers from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. This disease affects a person’s motor neurons affecting voluntary motor control by damaging both the upper motor neuron and...
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  • Kober Lab - 1036 Words
    4015 Lab – PNS, Spinal Cord and Spinal Reflexes Activity 1 – Nerves Type the numbers, in the space provided, of the structures pointed out on the diagram of a cross section of a nerve in your lab book with the following terms: 6 axon 12 endoneurium 1 epineurium 2 fascicle 7 motor ending 10 myelin sheath 9 neurilemma 11 node of Ranvier 3 perineurium 5 peripheral nerve 8 Schwann cell 4 sensory receptors What is the difference between a nerve and a neuron? They are both...
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  • reaction times - 1266 Words
    Biology 104 Reaction Times Objectives: 1. Formulate and test hypotheses regarding reaction times. Introduction: Reaction time is a measure of how quickly an organism can respond to a particular stimulus. Reaction time has been widely studied, as its practical implications may be of great consequence, e.g. a slower than normal reaction time while driving can have grave results. Many factors have been shown to affect reaction times, including age, gender, physical fitness, fatigue,...
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  • Spina Bifida - 587 Words
    1. Introduction: A. Did you undergo a major surgery as a newborn? One out of seven out of ten thousand newborns undergo a major surgery because of a disease called spina bifida. B. A rare condition in which the backbone and spinal cord do not close before birth, mainly believed by a deficiency in folic acid provided by the mother. C. On average a toddler begins giving few steps at the age of 10 months; unlike a child with spina bifida it takes up to 2 years or maybe never 2....
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  • no name - 864 Words
     Causes of Spinal Cord Injuries Dr. April 30, 2014 By Elisa Vigil Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries The causes of a spinal cord injuries result from damage to the vertebrae, ligaments or disks of the spinal column or to the spinal cord itself. Traumatic spinal cord injury may come from a sudden, traumatic blow to your spine that fractures, dislocates, crushes or compresses one or more of your vertebrae. Another cause of this can be from a gunshot or knife...
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  • Spina Bifida - 1175 Words
    SPINA BIFIDA Spina Bifida Leteisha Lawson ESE 315 Nicole Luke February 5, 2012 Spina Bifida Spina bifida occurs when the bones of the spine do not form properly around part of the baby’s spinal cord. A person with Spina bifida is where the spinal column does not close completely and covers the spinal cord, usually resulting in a protrusion of the spinal cord, its covering, or both (Turnbull, Turnbull, Shank & Smith 2004, pg. 346). Spina bifida, which is not a progressive...
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  • Muscle tone and motor unit
    Describe (not just define!) the functional unit called a motor unit. Explain the relationship between motor unit size in finely vs. coarsely controlled muscles. Explain how motor units act to establish muscle tone. What are the functions of muscle tone? Motor Unit- One motor neuron and all the muscles it innervates. Each muscle will respond to one motor nerve which contains axons that can have up to 100’s of neurons that branch into terminals that form NMJ with ONE fiber. When a motor neuron...
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  • Anatomy and Physiology Week 1 Assignment 1
    R E V I E W NAME ____________________________________ LAB TIME/DATE _______________________ S H E E T EXERCISE 21 Print Form Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and the Autonomic Nervous System Anatomy of the Spinal Cord 1. Match each anatomical term in the key to the descriptions given below. Key: a. cauda equina 1. 2. 3. 4. b. conus medullaris c. filum terminale d. foramen magnum most superior boundary of the spinal cord meningeal extension beyond the spinal cord terminus spinal...
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  • Case Study 1 BI232
    Case Study 1 Lisa Hofmann BI 232 A Case of Spinal Cord Injury 1. Describe the functional anatomy of the spinal cord using the following terms: white matter, gray matter, tracts, roots, and spinal nerves. The spinal cord is a cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem at the foramen magnum of the skull. (p. 481) The spinal cord, like the brain consists of two kinds of nervous tissue called gray and white matter. (p. 482) Gray matter is located deep to the white matter and...
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  • Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Method vs. Sacro-Occipital Technique
    Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Method vs. Sacro-Occipital Technique When examining and researching the techniques and methods behind both Nimo Receptor-Tonus Method vs. Sacro-Occipital Technique, I found many likes and differences. Although they are two entirely different techniques, they both are formatted to treat subluxation in the spinal column and were started and theorized to reduce pain and increase comfort levels. The Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Method entails Trigger Point Therapy and is used...
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  • Paralysis - 1281 Words
    Definition Paralysis is the loss of the power to move a part of the body due to injury or disease of the nerves that supply the muscles involved in moving that part of the body. The key points in this definition are firstly that paralysis refers to a loss of movement rather than just weakness, and secondly that the problem originates in the nerves to the muscles rather than in the muscles themselves. The severity of the paralysis is indicated in medical terminology by the word...
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  • Putang Ina - 1203 Words
    Spinal Cord- The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the brain (the medulla oblongata specifically). The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system (CNS). The spinal cord begins at the occipital bone and extends down to the space between the first and second lumbar vertebrae; it does not extend the entire length of the vertebral column. It is around 45 cm (18 in) in men and around 43 cm (17 in) long in women....
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  • PARAPLEGIA ESSAY - 1537 Words
     Abstract Approximately 11,000 spinal cord injuries involving Paraplegia are reported in the United States yearly. These injuries occur as a result of automobile and motorcycle accidents, falls, sporting accidents, and gunshot wounds; although, it is also caused by congenital conditions. When the spinal nerve signals below the level of the injury is partially cut off from the brain, this results in Paraplegia disability. This is an impairment of motor or sensory function of the lower...
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  • Spina Bifida Research Paper
    Spina Bifida (Myelomeningocele) Spina Bifida is one of the most common birth defects in the world. According to N. Scott Adzick, MD, and other members of CHOP's Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment team, it occurs when the spinal cord does not properly close before birth. That means that the spinal cord is exposed to amniotic fluid during fetal life. Amniotic fluid is the watery fluid within the innermost membrane that encloses the embryo and surrounds the fetus throughout pregnancy....
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  • Qwerty - 1117 Words
    • Diagnosed HIV Stage 4 on treatment (LTE) • CMV retinitis • Central facial palsy (flattening of R nasolabial fold) - paresis of the lower half of one side of the face - damage to upper motor neurons of the facial nerve. - The facial motor nucleus has dorsal and ventral divisions that contain lower motor neurons supplying the muscles of the upper and lower face, respectively. The dorsal division receives bilateral upper motor neuron input (i.e. from both...
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  • Spina Bifida Research Paper
    Web address http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/spina_bifida/detail_spina_bifida.htm#220603258 Causes: No one really knows the exact cause of spina bifida, it remains unidentified what exactly causes the disruption of the complete closure of the neural tube, producing a disfigurement. Scientists believe that there are several factors contributing to spina bifida, genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors. Research studies specify that inadequate ingestion of folic acid, which is a...
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  • nervous system - 2383 Words
    NERVOUS SYSTEM The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts. The brain and spinal cord form the control center known as the central nervous system (CNS), where information is evaluated and decisions made. The sensory nerves and sense organs of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) monitor...
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  • orthopedic impairment - 2268 Words
    ORTHOPEDIC IMPAIRMENT Definition According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA), orthopedic impairment is as follows: “a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments due to the effects of congenital anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of some member, etc.), impairments due to the effects of disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes...
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  • Stem Cell Research on Paralysis
    Far too many people suffer from traumatic spinal cord injuries in their lifetimes that leave them paralyzed. Many people wonder if these spinal cord injuries are reversible, and hope to someday walk again. Although the complete reversal of paralysis is in the minority viewpoint, encouragement by others in similar situations has been shown to help motivate paraplegics to maintain a rehabilitation process. There are many researches about the restoration of spinal cord injuries to give hope...
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  • Neuron Disorders - 537 Words
    While neuron disorders are debilitating diseases, scientists are researching promising new cures. This research ranges from the crosstalk between motor and sensory neurons, to the morphing of skin cells, and the function of the CLP1 gene and its role in certain diseases. A first example of this promising new research is that scientists have discovered that ephrin and Eph prevent spinal cord neurons from regenerating after injuries. This means that if scientists can coax the neurons that are...
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  • Std Pubic Lice - 893 Words
    [pic] SHEPHERD CENTER 2020 PEACHTREE ROAD, N.W. ATLANTA, GA 30309 Resources & Grants dedicated to Spinal Cord Injury Survivors The Bryon Riesch Foundation The Bryon Riesch Paralysis Foundation's goal is to find a cure for paralysis through funding the latest in medical research and to provide assistance to those that suffer from neurological disorders. www.brpf.org P.O. Box 1388 Waukesha, WI 53187-1388 Phone: (262) 547-2083 info@brpf.org Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation...
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  • Heterotopic Ossification - 749 Words
    Heterotopic Ossification In Spinal Cord Injury Patients By Anitia Gram Heterotopic Ossification (HO) in spinal cord injury patients is a common complication seen a few weeks to months following injury. This paper will focus on R.B. A C2 ASIA A quadriplegic patient and his course of treatment for early HO that was detected in his right hip approximately 1 month following his accident. Heterotopic ossification is the presence of bone in the soft tissue where bone does not normally exist....
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  • Anatomy and physiology of the brain - 1809 Words
    Anatomy and physiology of the brain and spinal cord The brain is a spongy organ made up of nerve and supportive tissues. It is located in the head and is protected by a bony covering called the skull. The base, or lower part, of the brain is connected to the spinal cord. Together, the brain and spinal cord are known as the central nervous system (CNS). The spinal cord contains nerves that send information to and from the brain. The CNS works with the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The...
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  • Nervous System - 677 Words
    Nervous System What is the Nervous System? • What basic structure is involved? Neurons 2 Main Functions Of the Nervous System Two major Divisions Central Nervous System Structures Brain Spinal Cord Description: Spongy organ, that weighs about 3lbs Description: Thick column of nerve tissue that links the brain to most of the nerves in the peripheral nervous system. -Made up of about 100 billion neurons (these neurons control everything you do, feel, and remember.) -Nerve impulses...
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  • Practice Exam Anatomy and Physiology
    1) The brain and spinal cord comprise the _____ nervous system. A) autonomic B) peripheral C) central D) efferent E) afferent 2) Voluntary control of skeletal muscles is provided by the _____ nervous system. A) sympathetic B) parasympathetic C) afferent D) somatic E) autonomic 3) The part of the peripheral nervous system that brings information to the central nervous system is A) motor. B) afferent. C) efferent. D) autonomic. E) somatic. 4) The myelin sheaths that surround the axons of some of...
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  • Anaesthesia Practice - 5229 Words
    Page 1 ANAESTHESIA PRACTICE Issue 22 SPINAL ANAESTHESIA SPINAL CORD ANATOMY VERTEBRAE Vertebral column is central bony pillar of the body. It is composed of 33 vertebrae; 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral and 4 coccygeal. Sacral hiatus is th th formed because of incomplete 5 and sometime 4 sacral laminae. A typical vertebra consists of a rounded body anteriorly and a vertebral arch posteriorly (arch consists of two pedicles and two laminae). The vertebral arch encloses the...
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  • Types of adaptations for Spina Bifida
    Types of Adaptations for Spina Bifida Spina Bifida is a neural tube defect that affects many small children. The severity of this condition can differ from case to case depending on the position of the protrusion of a fluid filled sac, making nerves and parts of the spinal cord visible on the back. Types of adaptations for this disability can be equipment or rule related. Someone who suffers from Spina Bifida often has some movement of limbs and is able to participate in some activities using...
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  • Spina Bifida - 517 Words
    Chapter 11, Prepare a report on Spina Bifida. Spina bifida is a birth defect that affects the nerves in the spinal cord which sends the messages to the muscles that allow you to walk. The spinal cord is a tube of nerves that most of the time is closed, but rarely there is a hole in the tube of nerves. When this occurs the back opens up. Surgery can be performed on infants to close this opening. One out of every one thousand babies are born with spina bifida. In 1992, the U.S. Public...
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  • Myelitis (Inflammation of the Spine) - 609 Words
    Case Study: Myelitis (inflammatory of the spine) Myelitis involves the infection or the inflammation of white matter or gray matter of the spinal cord which is a part of the central nervous system that acts as a bridge between a brain and the rest of a body. During an inflammatory response on the spinal cord, the myelination and axon may be damaged causing symptoms such as paralysis and sensory loss. Myelitis is classified to several catergories depending on the area or the cause of the...
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  • Anatomy Case - 1653 Words
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