Phonology Essays & Research Papers

Best Phonology Essays

  • Phonology - 1511 Words
    Phonology - How Speech Sounds Combine Introduction to Linguistics for Computational Linguists 1 Speech Sounds • Phonetics - Physical basis of speech sounds – Physiology of pronunciation, perception – Acoustics of speech sounds • Phonology - Patterns of combination of speech sounds – Which sequences are allowed (phonotactics) – Effects of context on speech 2 Phonology • Basic elements are phonemes. • Patterns of organization are phonology. – – – – Structure of phoneme set...
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  • Phonology - 441 Words
    Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages. It has traditionally focused largely on study of the systems of phonemes in particular languages, but it may also cover any linguistic analysis either at a level beneath the word (including syllable, onset and rhyme, articulatory gestures, articulatory features, mora, etc.) or at all levels of language where sound is considered to be structured for conveying linguistic meaning. Phonology also...
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  • Phonology - 379 Words
    Phonology - The study of sound systems of languages Phoneme - A phonological segment that can be phonetically predicted by a rule – /b/ in bit and /p/ in pit. The Organs of Speech and Articulation Consonants The Articulation of sound based on Received Pronunciation (R. P.) (These sounds for reference only) 1) Plosives Plosives are made by making a complete closure between some point and the vocal tract. Pressure builds up behind the closure which is released to create sound. This...
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  • Phonology Guide - 319 Words
    Assessed Assignment Introduction-100 WORDS PART ONE 350 WORDS One: Identify and describe a particular phonological feature that leads to problems with English pronunciation for a specified group of learners (give details of the class). You can select a segmental or suprasegmental feature. • Discuss English immersion in Taiwan and reference to Lin and Johnson • Discuss ESL3, time spent learning English with native speakers and also the influence of their Chinese Teacher (SPEECH...
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  • All Phonology Essays

  • Phonetics and Phonology. - 1949 Words
    PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY: ENG 221 {LECTURER: MRS FALEKE V.O} 200 LEVEL COURSE CONTENT (i) Introducing Phonetics a. What is Phonetics? b. What is Phonology? c. The Three Branches of Phonetics d. Types of Phonology e. Aspects of Phonology f. Phonetics and Phonology any Relationship (ii) The Organs of Speech and Human Speech Mechanism a. The Organs of Speech b. The Human Speech c. The human Speech Mechanism d. Description of the English Consonant e. Description of the Vowel...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology - 680 Words
    Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology Phonetic description of language Phonetic explanations for language sound patterns To explain patterns we see in language sound systems, we will make reference to two phonetic systems “the talker” articulation, aerodynamics “the listener” acoustics, speech perception The patterns we see in language sound systems can be classified into two sets: “process” sound alternations, conditioned changes “inventory” set of contrastive sounds in a language...
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  • what is phonology? - 370 Words
    NATURAL CLASSES AND PHONOLOGICAL RULES WHAT IS A NATURAL CLASS? HOW DO PHONOLOGICAL RULES EXPRESS NATURAL CLASSES? PHONOLOGICAL RULES Phonological processes or changes in which the conditions are stated in ordinary language express phonological rules. These regular expressions of the change can be formalized in various ways. One major aim of a phonological theory is provide a set of notations which can express phonological rules simply, straightforwardly and intuitively....
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  • phonetics and phonology - 773 Words
    Unit 1 – Phonetics and Phonology 1.1 Introduction Phonetics is an empirical science which studies human speech sounds. It tells us how sound are produced, thus describing the articulatory and acoustic properties of sounds, and furnishes us with methods for this classification. Phonetics is divided into three main branches: - Articulatory phonetics: Studies the nature and limits of the human ability to produce speech sounds and describes the way these sounds are delivered. -...
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  • Phonology and Morphology - 1431 Words
    Phonology and Morphology correlate with each other lexically and grammatically. Phonology is essentially the description of the systems and patterns of speech sounds in a language. Morphology is the study of words in a language. The interplay between the two categories has a mutual effect in the process of word formation. The relationship between the two systems can be attributed to Morphophonemics which is a branch of Linguistics that delves into the interaction between morphological and...
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  • English Phonology - 372 Words
    • Compare the theoretical assumptions between the standard generative phonological theory and the optimality theory? Both approaches, the generative phonological theory and the optimality theory, focus on examining phonological phenomena on the basis of the underlying and the surface representations of speech sounds. Chomsky and Halle founded the generative phonological approach in late 1950s. In their book Sound Patterns of English (SPE 1968), they presented the notion of the standard...
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  • Phonetics Phonology - 1536 Words
    Phonetics & Phonology An Introduction Sarmad Hussain Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing, NUCES, Lahore, Pakistan sarmad.hussain@nu.edu.pk Levels of Linguistic Analysis Pragmatics Semantics Syntax Morphology Phonology Phonetics www.PANL10n.net 2 Overview „ Phonetics „ Phonology „ Computational Phonology www.PANL10n.net 3 Phonetics What is Phonetics ? „ Study of human speech as a physical phenomenon ‰ Articulation ‰ Acoustics ‰ Perception www.PANL10n.net 5...
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  • Setswana Phonology - 1223 Words
    When Batswana communicate, they use a combination of sounds which enable them to convey various ideas with each other. Each of these sounds consists of words which are made out of discrete speech sounds known as phonemes. This study of phonemes and other phenomena related to the sounds of a particular language is known as phonology. In order to gain a full understanding of the Setswana language, it is necessary to carefully analyze the inventory and structure of its consonants and vowels....
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  • Phonology and Phonemics - 313 Words
    Assignment 2 7) a) t d s z b) m v w c) k g d) Өᵭ e) i u f) æ a g) j h) z d 9) a) Flapping b) Place Assimilation c) Aspiration d) Voiceless stop insertion e) /h/ Deletion before unstressed vowel f) Assimilation aspiration schwa insertion g) Aspiration aspiration assimilation 29) [s] Basic [ʃ] Derived [s] [ʃ] _al _i a_u i_i _a#u _i a_l #_i i_o _i _u_ a_i #_a a_i _o a_i There are no minimal pairs. Both [s] and [ʃ] are used...
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  • phonetics and phonology - 548 Words
    PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY Seminar Ante Marunica INTRODUCTION Prescriptivism and descriptivism Throughout the ages, grammarians and...
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  • Phonology and the Dutch Stress - 1458 Words
    The Dutch stress system Dutch is described as being a quantity-sensitive trochaic system, operating from left to right with extrametricality. In the following essay I will gice the arguments and data that point towards this system. I will also analyse in which way exceptions are being taken care of within this system. The metrical analysis will be based on work by Trommelen & Zonneveld. These authors adopt an onset-rhyme organisation of syllable structure. We can make three major...
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  • English Phonetics and Phonology - 467 Words
    THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG HKU SPACE Community College Associate Degree Programmes 2012-13 Course Document Course Title: English Phonetics and Phonology Course Code: C C 8 8 3 5 6 0 0 Aims and Objective This course will focus on articulatory phonetics and the classification of sounds in English. It will explain how English is pronounced in the context of a general theory about speech sounds and how they are organized in languages. Topics will include the speech production mechanism; the...
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  • English Segmental Phonology - 298 Words
    English Segmental Phonology In general there are different characteristics which are going to help to understand the phonology. Phonology is one of branches of linguistics which concerns about system in a particular language and they are related to phoneme, phonemic and allophone. Phoneme is the smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language, usually demonstrated by the minimal pair such as “pin” and “bin” which mean different things, but differ only in one sound. However,...
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  • Lecture 1 PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY
     dr Hanna Dziczek-Karlikowska Phonology and Phonetics – year I LECTURE I - INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION PHONETICS and PHONOLOGY TWO SUBDISCIPLINES IN LINGUISTICS WHICH DEAL WITH SOUNDS 1. LINGUISTICS: the scientific study of language and its structure. There are broadly three aspects to the study: language form, language meaning, and language in context. LINGUISTICS DESCRIPTIVE THEORETICAL APPLIED Anthropological linguistics Cognitive linguistics...
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  • Introduction in Phonetics and Phonology - 408 Words
    The course “Phonetics and Phonology” has a main purpose to explicate how English is properly pronounced. It will present the information based on speech sounds (phonetics) and their usage in language (phonology). This course is essential for every person who tends to have a more profound knowledge of the grammatical study of sounds in spoken English. As in any language, English recognizes a number of phonemes which will be introduced to the takers of this course in order to make them think of...
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  • phonology research paper - 2964 Words
     A Review of English Phonology Ma Chiyuan 2142002053 Linguistic: An Advanced Course Book November 19th, 9:40 AM-11:10 AM I. Introduction There is little disagreement about the importance of learning phonology as a branch of linguistic. Studying phonology is to study the rules of sounds which lay a foundation for students to understand certain language from the smallest units and prepare them to learn other branches of linguistics in linguistics courses. The study of...
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  • Phonetics, Phonology and Verbal Structure
    Phonetics, Phonology and Verbal structure of the English Language Two terms are often confused, Phonetics and Phonology and this is one of the reasons that there is no universally accepted point of view about a clear-cut border line between them. In the respective domains of phonetics and phonology it is known that we cannot study about a phonological system ignoring the phonetic aspects it involves and, any phonetic approach must consider the phonological system of any language. Some...
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  • phonetics vs phonology - 304 Words
    Phonetics: In order to produce sound humans use various body parts including the lips, tongue, teeth, pharynx and lungs. Phonetics is the term for the description and classification of speech sounds, particularly how sounds are produced, transmitted and received. A phoneme is the smallest unit in the sound system of a language; for example, the t sound in the word top. Various phonetic alphabets have been developed to represent the speech sounds in writing through the use of symbols. Some of...
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  • Miscommunication: Phonology and Message - 5776 Words
    Inhalt 1. Introduction 1 2. Phonetics and phonology – the transmission of a message 2 2.1. A communication model 2 2.2. Phonological elements of communication 3 2.3. Prosodic elements of communication 4 3. Miscommunication – Problems in the auditory channel 6 3.1. Hearing and Listening 6 3.2. Channel- based and interactional- related miscommunication 8 3.3. Sender and receiver related miscommunication 8 3.3.1 Prosodic problems 9 3.3.2 Phonological problems 10 4. Analysis of...
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  • Phonetics & Phonology (by Anntina Fyvonnequehz)
    Title:Phonetics & Phonology (By Anntina Fyvonnequehz-Open University Malaysia) TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 Vowel sounds 3-4 3.0 Sound - equals difficulties 4-5 4.0 Language Teaching 6 5.1 Phonemic awareness 7 5.2 Phonology Awareness 8 5.0 Conclusion 9 1.0 Introduction Phonetics and phonology are the two fields dedicated to the study of human speech sounds and human speech structures. While phonetics deals with...
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  • phonetics vs. Phonology - 3360 Words
     Introduction Phonetics and phonology (both from the Greek root phono- 'sound') are two branches of linguistics that deal primarily with the structure of human language sounds. Phonetics is concerned with how sounds are produced; transmitted and perceived (we will only look at the production of sounds). Phonology is concerned with how sounds function in relation to each other in a language. In other words, phonetics is about sounds of language, phonology about sound systems of...
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  • Phonetics and phonology paper - 2530 Words
     This seminar paper will be describing connected speech phenomena, allophones, syllables and consonants according to Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology by Paul Skandera and Peter Burleigh, English Phonetics and Phonology by Peter Roach and Phonetics and Phonology by Višnja Josipović. The paper will also deal with the linear/non -linear analysis. In addition to terms mentioned above the paper will be dealing with few examples of phonetic transcription. Connected speech A lot of...
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  • Phonology and English Classes - 293 Words
    My studying of English began at Elementary School. The teacher formed a group of the pupils to prepare us in advance for studying English in the fifth form. At that time, I was amazed with it. It was something totally new for me and I felt very proud of being able to say some sentences like: “What’s your name?” and to answer this question like “My name is Angela”. I felt I was not a little girl anymore, since I could “understand” a foreign language. Besides, I don’t know very well why, but...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology: Class Notes
    Phonetics and Phonology (definitions, activities, branches, phoneme, IPA, RP) Phonetics – the science which studies the characteristics of human sound making, especially those used in speech. It is a branch of linguistics concerned with the study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, reception, description, and representation by written symbols. – Major activities: description classification transcription – it can be...
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  • An IntroductiOn to English phonetics and phonology - Essay
    Section 1 An IntroductiOn to English phonetics and phonology 1.1. Speech mechanism 1.1.1. Speech chain Speech as the main means of communication is the result of a complicated series of events, which involves the speaker and the listener. On the part of the speaker, speech activities involve the following stages. 1.1.1.1. Psychological stage: this is the process during which the concept is formed in the speaker’s brain. Then, through the nervous system this message (concept) is...
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  • impact of phonetics and phonology in english grammer
     Eng 105 introduction to literature Term paper On A reflective essay on the impact of phonetics and phonology on oral communication. A reflective essay on the impact of morphology, syntax and semantics on English grammar Submitted to: zafor Mohammad Mahmud English department Submitted by: saima sultana mou Id: 2013-1-11-00 Submission date:...
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  • The Phonology of African American Vernacular English
    The Phonology of African American Vernacular English Table of contents 1. Introduction…………………………………………………………….………...…….1 2. African American Vernacular English (AAVE)……………………….………...….…2 3.1. Vowel phonemes of AAVE……………………………………………………...……2 3.2. Consonant phonemes of AAVE…………………………………………………...…..3 3.3. Syllable structure…………………………………………………….…………….......6 3.4. Prosodic features……………………………………………………….…………...…7 3....
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  • SchwaIn Linguistics Specifically Phonetics And Phonology
    Schwa In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (sometimes spelled shwa) refers to the mid-central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position. An example in English is the vowel sound in the 'a' of the word 'about'. Schwa in English is mainly found in unstressed positions, but in some other languages it occurs more frequently as a stressed vowel. In relation to certain...
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  • The importance of phonology and phonetic transcription in pronunciation
    1 1-Introduction Have you ever noticed that the 'c' in 'cat' and 'k' in kite' have the same pronunciation and phonetic transcription even though they are spelled differently? Or how the 'th' in 'the' and the one in 'thing' is pronounced and transcribed phonetically differently, although they are spelled the same? That is because the spelling and the pronunciation vary according to the place and situation. This ambiguity in spelling and pronunciation are portrayed by phonology that deals...
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  • Phonetics and Phonology: Study of the Production of Speech Sounds
    1. Phonetics and phonology Phonetics and phonology is a general theory about speech sounds and how they are used in language (Peter Roach, 2000). However, there are some differences between phonetics and phonology. a) Phonetics Phonetics is the study of human sounds in general without reference to their systemic role in a specific language. Phonetics can be divided into two categories. The first type of phonetics, articulatory phonetics, examines the speech organs and processes by which...
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  • Briefly Explain Phonology and Phonetics by Pointing Out the Differences and Similarities
    In answering this question, it will be appropriate to define the two terms which do not only explain them but also point out their difference (s). Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign. It is a science of human speech and study the human speech sounds. It further studies the defining characteristics of human vocal noise and concentrates its attention on those sounds that occurs...
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  • Contemporary Indonesian Phonology and Morphology: Some Evidence of Language Change and Innovations
    Contemporary Indonesian Phonology and Morphology: Some Evidence of Language Change and Innovations The Roundtable Meeting, Leiden University, Leiden, 26' 28 March 2008 Bambang Kaswanti Purwo Atma Jaya Catholic University Abstract For almost half a century Indonesian cannot refrain from having to bear with the mass and rapid influx of English loanwords. Since 1970s there has been a strong pressure, initiated by Pusat Bahasa (the Language Center), for the change from Dutch-soundlike...
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  • How Does the Phonology of a One Year Old Differ from That of a Two-Three Year Old? Describe the Main Changes to Be Expected over the First Year of Word Use.
    How does the phonology of a one year old differ from that of a two-three year old? Describe the main changes to be expected over the first year of word use. A child between one and three years undergoes considerable development in their phonological ability (Ingram, 1986). They adopt specific phonological processes and it will be explored when and how children use these to attain accurate pronunciations and how individual differences affect phonological development. Grunwell (1981)...
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  • College Of Basic Education Researchers Journal
    College of Basic Education Researchers Journal Vol. 8, No. 1 English and Arabic Juncture Asst. Prof. Dr. Wayees Jallud Ibrahim University of Mosul\ College of Basic Education Received: 4/5/2008 ; Accepted: 16/7/2008 Abstract: Juncture is the relationship between one sound and the sounds that immediately precede and follow it.It is a para-phonotactic unit which refers to the boundaries between phonological entities.It is a morphophonemic phenomenon with double signification , a...
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  • Puppet Lesson Plan - 1041 Words
    LESSON PLAN Name: Summer Whitney WGU Task Objective Number: 602.8 GENERAL INFORMATION 50min. | Lesson Title & Subject(s): Using Puppets to demonstrate letters and sounds. Topic or Unit of Study: Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Grade/Level: K Instructional Setting: Kindergarten classroom, 23 students will be sitting at desks for presentation of new information on Phonemic Awareness. Then students will be put into groups of three by teacher for independent...
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  • Phonemic Awarness - 1957 Words
    Phonemic awareness is described as an insight about oral language and in particular about the segmentation of sounds, that are used in speech communication. Phonemic awareness is characterized in terms of the facility of the language learner to manipulate the sounds of oral speech. A child who possesses phonemic awareness can segment sounds in words (for example, pronounce just the first sound heard in the word top) and blend strings of isolated sounds together to form recognizable word forms....
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  • System Of OE Vowels And Their Origin Word Stres
    All the Germanic languages of the past and present have common linguistic features; some of these features are shared by other groups in the IE family, others are specifically Germanic. In ancient IE, prior to the separation of Germanic, there existed two ways of word accentuation: musical pitch and force stress. The position of the stress was free and movable, which means that it could fall on any syllable of the word a root-morpheme, an affix or an ending and could be shifted both in...
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  • Stress and Rhythm in English - 7830 Words
    Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses 4 (1991): 145-62 Stress and Rhythm in English Maria-Josep Solé Sabater Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona ABSTRACT This paper studies the role played by stress and rhythm in English. The effects of stress on the phonetic realization of segments, the morphological and syntaclic function of elemcnts and the structuring of information in the sentencc are considercd. English rhythm is studied and the factors that contribute to maintain a regular...
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  • Teaching Pronunciation - 1066 Words
    TEACHING PRONUNCIATION. Introduction. In order to understand better English on both spoken and written, the most valuable gifts can be offered among the students is pronunciation. However, as a teacher, sometimes it is a bit difficult in contributing this particular gift. It can be a challenge to the teacher when they faces the problems such as the students pronunciation habits are not easy to change and it also hard to understand and to make a correction of the wrong pronunciation made...
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  • Comparing Spoken and Written Communication
    Comparing spoken and written communication Spoken language and web based communication are different from each other: they both have different features and aspects. Spoken language takes place in person, is transitory and relies on sounds. Whereas web based communication takes place online where speakers can be many miles apart during a conversation. So the features in web based communication are not present in spoken communication. A common factor which is required for a spoken conversation...
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  • How to Teach Pronunciation - 2835 Words
    Background Communication can be a tricky business, especially when the listener and speaker are from different linguistic backgrounds. There are pitfalls aplenty with poor word choice and improper inflection, and there are numerous reasons a student has difficulty reproducing the sounds of English correctly. Perhaps pronunciation had little focus in previous classes, or maybe the student has never had any formal language instruction. Even students with significant educational experience can...
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  • Intonation In English - 2275 Words
    Lecture Intonation in English Outline     1. Intonation: definition, approaches, functions. 2. Components of intonation and the structure of English tone-group. 3. Sentence stress. 4. Rhythm. 1. Intonation: definition, approaches, functions. Intonation is a language universal. There are no languages which are spoken without any change of prosodic parameters but intonation functions in various languages in a different way. What is the role intonation plays in the language?...
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  • Intonation in English - 1579 Words
    Introduction I have chosen the theme “Intonation” because it is one of the most interesting things of the speech and it is very important to acquire the proper intonation. The aim of my speech is to tell what the speech melody is and how is it connected with sentence stress and how they influence each other. Intonation is magic. It can say more than even words. Intonation can tell you about the mood and the character of the person. Each person has his own intonation. That is why already at...
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  • Esl Pronunciation Lesson Plans
    Lesson One: Differentiating between /r/ and /l/ Target group: This lesson targets students learning English who speak Chinese, Japanese, and Korean as a native language. Additionally, this lesson probably works best as a remedial response to observed difficulties in perception or production of these sounds. Time: 50 minutes 1. Introduction: This section involves introducing the sounds to the students using learner friendly explanations. In this section, I will also model the...
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  • Word Stress - 470 Words
    Word Stress This handout is to help you with the pronunciation of some words which crop up frequently when you are talking about Literature and Linguistics. The words here were collected in the Advanced Oral Proficiency Class which focuses on topics from Literature and Lingistics; they are frequently mispronounced. The focus of this handout is not on individual sounds but on where the stress goes within a word. Example: The word “contents “ has two syllables “con“ and “tents “ so which gets the...
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  • FALLIN AND RISING OF TONES - 1717 Words
    3 FALLIN AND RISING OF TONES TONE: Tone is the change in the pitch of the voice. The pitch falls a little from stress to stress. Then, it finally falls at the last meaningful syllable. The pitch remains low for the remaining unstressed syllables. In the rising tone, the pitch rises at the last meaningful syllable. It continues to rise for the remaining unstressed syllables. STATEMENTS We can use the falling tone in most normal statements. When you are making a normal statement about...
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  • The Roles of Tonal and Segmental Information in Mandarin Spoken Word Recognition: an Eyetracking Study
    Assignment 1 - Article Summary In their article, “the roles of tonal and segmental information in Mandarin spoken word recognition: an eyetracking study”, Malins and Joanisse investigate how suprasegmental features affect on-line auditory word perception. Current speech perception models have fallen short in accounting for suprasegmental features because all have been based on Indo-European languages. In this study, Malins and Joanisse extend the potential of suprasegmental features by...
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  • Discourse Intonation In ELT - 1716 Words
     Ihsan Ibaddurrahman (G1025429) Term paper for Phonetics and Phonology (ENGL 6002) Discourse Intonation in ELT In order to attain total mastery of English language, ESL students should undoubtedly be taught the intonation of English. Without learning this suprasegmental feature, English learners, regardless of their level of English proficiency, would be at risk of causing serious communication breakdown with native speakers. Recent studies show that there has been a growing awareness of...
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  • English Grammar - 758 Words
    Communication is the heart and soul of the human experience. The process communication mainly includes speaking, listening, and writing. Nobody actually learns grammar to learn his/ her own mother tongue. It is a natural phenomenon that we start speaking what everybody speaks around us. We gradually develop a better sense of understanding with the passage of time. We don't study grammar of our own mother tongue to use it for daily speaking, but when we need to polish our own mother tongue, we...
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  • Theoretical Phonetics - 6829 Words
    Теоретическая фонетика 1. A phoneme and it’s allophones The phoneme is a minimal linguistic unit which can’t be divided lineally into smaller units, it’s potentially connected with meaning and is realized in speech in its allophones. Each language has its own peculiar (свойственную только ей) system of phonemes. And each phoneme exists in its allophones. We can call a phoneme an abstract unit. We can’t pronounce a phoneme. If we pronounce it – it becomes an allophone. There are as many...
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  • Fonemz - 610 Words
    Introduction Phonological awareness is vital to an individual’s overall language abilities. In particular, phonemic awareness is fundamental in reading development and speech production (Gillion, 2000). FONEMZ is an interactive intervention technique that teaches phonological awareness and literacy skills through the use of symbols. 40 symbols, of different colors and distinct shapes, represent the main phonemes in General American English (Kaul et. al, 2009). FONEMZ was created in 2009 by...
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  • The Effectiveness of Onset-Rime for English and Non-English Early Readers
    The Effectiveness of Onset-Rime for English and Non-English Early Readers: A Research Based Analysis. Emergent Literacy EDUC 3000-01fa11 Maggie Madere And Laura White Onset-Rime has been treated as an important component of early childhood literacy education. According to Tompkins, young children “make more errors decoding and spelling the rime than the onset,” therefore, knowing common rimes and words made from these rimes is helpful to early readers (Tompkins, 2011)....
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  • A Typology of Sonority Sequences in Word-Final Consonant Clusters
    Distribution Agreement In presenting this thesis as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for a degree from Emory University, I hereby grant to Emory University and its agents the nonexclusive license to archive, make accessible, and display my thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known, including display on the world wide web. I understand that I may select some access restrictions as part of the online submission of this thesis. I retain all ownership rights...
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  • Assignment 1 - 922 Words
     Assignment 1 – Language Related Tasks (750 to 1000 words) Aims: to identify significant features of the form, pronunciation, meaning and use of language items/areas and the use of relevant information from reference materials (dictionaries, Grammar books, course books). Choose one statement from each pair: 1) Structure Elementary a. The plane leaves at 10 o’clock tomorrow. Don’t be late! b. He can speak 5 different languages. 2) Structure Upper Intermediate a. If only she...
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  • Compare and Contrast Between Egypt and China
    Clinical Forum The Lexicon and Phonology: Interactions in Language Acquisition Holly L. Storkel1 Michele L. Morrisette Indiana University, Bloomington 24 LANGUAGE, SPEECH, AND HEARING SERVICES IN SCHOOLS • Vol. 33 • 24–37 • January 2002 © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association 0161–1461/02/3301–0024 ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to underscore the importance of the link between lexical and phonological acquisition by considering learning by children beyond the 50-word...
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  • Word Stress in English - 1493 Words
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    The Phonology of English and the Phonemic Script Describe a pronunciation problem you had in learning a foreign language. How did you overcome that difficulty? What did your teacher do to help you with pronunciation? Explain why the English alphabet alone is not a very good guide to the pronunciation of English. Give examples (beyond what you may have seen here). What are some of the advantages of using the Phonetic Chart in class to help your students with their pronunciation problems?...
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  • Teaching Initial Consonant Clusters
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    1. The subject matter of phonetics Phonetics is a science devoted to the physical analysis of the sounds of human speech, including their production, transmission, and perception. Phonetics is traditionally divided into two branches: acoustic, concerned with the structure of the acoustic signal itself, and articulatory, concerned with the way these sounds are produced. Theoretical Phonetics studies speech sounds: 1) from every point of view. Articulatory point of view - every speech sound...
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  • Ways of effective teaching pronunciation
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  • Teaching Pronunciation - 4384 Words
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  • Points on Accents - 250 Words
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  • 1 - 2854 Words
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  • Tefl - the Systems & Language Skills of English
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  • Academic Research Akunna Onyedum
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  • Guys vs Girls - 1687 Words
    ------------------------------------------------- Intonation (linguistics) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Global rise Global fall | ↗◌ | ↘◌ | IPA number | 510, 511 | Encoding | Entity(decimal) | ↗​↘ | Unicode(hex) | U+2197 U+2198 | Not to be confused with inflection, tone (linguistics), or pitch accent. In linguistics, intonation is variation of pitch while speaking which is not used to distinguish words. It contrasts with tone, in which pitch...
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  • Intonation - 4724 Words
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  • Sociolinguistics - 848 Words
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  • abcdarian - 14308 Words
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  • Causes and Solutions to Pronunciation Problems
    Causes and solutions to pronunciation problems 12008815x , So Hee Kim Hong kong is one of the most preferred locations for international business in Asia Pacific, and is becoming more so. Naturally business English skills is becoming increasingly important. Business English skills can be categorized into three different parts. These parts are writing, presentation and communication. All are equally important, but this essay will focus more on commuicaition. To be be more specific, it...
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  • Phonological and Writing Systems of English and Thai
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  • The Significance/Function of Phonological Rules in Language
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  • Difficult in Pronunciation for Second Learner
    Pronunciation mistakes that students often encounter. From the results of Table 1, the data revealed the word stress errors of first- year students student often committed considered as the most popular problem (41). In 2005, Gilbert raised one reason which explained the reason why students often encountered this mistake that students tended to think that word stress is some sort of added decoration, or else they do not notice it at all. Moreover, word stress is big challenge for Vietnamese...
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  • Critique on Distinctive Features - 1358 Words
    Andrew Ike B. Waga ENG 106 Dec. 14, 2011 2010-53632 Trubetzkoy, Jakobson or Chomsky, Whose Distinctive Features are truly “Distinct”? “Teacher, teacher, Help me, I have just been side swiped by a car!” These were the exact words that came out from the mouth of the school’s resident hooligan, Kevin, one afternoon after class. During those times, our school has been intensively...
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  • Teaching Pronunciation - 15979 Words
    Teaching Pronunciation Using the Prosody Pyramid Judy B. Gilbert cambridge university press Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo Cambridge University Press 32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, USA www.cambridge.org © Cambridge University Press 2008 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written...
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  • Phonological rules - 1242 Words
    Why Do Phonological Rules Exist? PHONOLOGY VS. PHONETICS: Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages. It has traditionally focused largely on study of the systems of phonemes in particular languages, but it may also cover any linguistic analysis either at a level beneath the word (including syllable, onset and rhyme, articulatory gestures, articulatory features, mora, etc.) or at all levels of language where sound is considered...
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  • Teaching pronounciation - 1004 Words
    Teaching Pronunciation Pronunciation involves far more than individual sounds. Word stress, sentence stress, intonation, and word linking all influence the sound of spoken English, not to mention the way we often slur words and phrases together in casual speech. 'What are you going to do?' becomes 'Whaddaya gonna do?' English pronunciation involves too many complexities for learners to strive for a complete elimination of accent, but improving pronunciation will boost self esteem, facilitate...
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  • key features of the teaching of pronunciation and difficulties and solutions for Chinese students to learn English in classroom
    Describe the key features of the teaching of pronunciation. Explain with examples what some of the difficult issues are for learners from one language background of your choice, and state how you would address these issues in the classroom. Nowadays English is universally known as a global language for people from different countries to communicate with each other. Wierzbicka (2006) considers it as “the world’s most widely used language” (p.3). There is no doubt that learners from all over...
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  • 5. the Best Way to Spend a Holiday.
    1. Intonation. Its functions. Much has been said about the importance of paying due attention to intonation when studying a foreign language. The process of communication cannot be performed without intonation as it has its own functions in a sentence. These functions are: 1. The constitutive 2. The distinctive (1) Intonation forms sentences. Each sentence consists of one or more intonation groups. An intonation group is a word or a group of words characterized by a certain intonation...
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