Obstetrics Essays & Research Papers

Best Obstetrics Essays

  • Preventive Obstetrics - 3937 Words
    P.G College Of Nursing, Bhilai Sub: Obstetrics & Gynaecology SEMINAR ON PREVENTIVE OBSTETRICS Submitted To: Submitted by MRS SEEMA SANTOSH MS.ASHWADI PILLAI LECTURER, (OBG) M.SC.PREVIOUS Submitted on: INTRODUCTION-...
    3,937 Words | 16 Pages
  • Obstetrics and Nurse - 1098 Words
    Preeclampsia Sara Bishop, RN, PhD Initial History and Assessment At 0600 Jennie is brought to the Labor and Delivery triage area by her sister. The client complains of a pounding headache for the last 12 hours unrelieved by acetaminophen (Tylenol), swollen hands and face for 2 days, and epigastric pain described as bad heartburn. Her sister tells the nurse, "I felt like that when I had toxemia during my pregnancy." Admission assessment by the nurse reveals: today's weight 182 pounds, T...
    1,098 Words | 4 Pages
  • Obstetric Cholestasis - 3051 Words
    Obstetric Cholestasis (OC) or Intraheptic Cholestasis of pregnancy is a disorder that is unique to pregnancy (Kelly and Nelson-Piercy, 2000).OC classically presents in the third trimester (Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists [RCOG], 2006), With maternal pruritus and raised bile acids (Geenes and Williamson, 2009).It is one of the few disorders of pregnancy that can affect both maternal well being and fetal outcome. OC usually resolves forty eight hours after delivery (Mays, 2010)....
    3,051 Words | 8 Pages
  • Urinalysis: Obstetrics and William A. Alto
    A urinalysis is where a sample of a person’s urine is taken and a dipstick in dipped into the urine to test for many different elements; these can include leukocytes, blood, protein, sugar, ketones, ph, nitrites, bilirubin and ascorbic acid. These elements can help in diagnoses for bladder or kidney infections, diabetes, dehydration and preeclampsia. In antenatal care a urinalysis is performed at the very first visit with a dipstick and the sample is then referred to a pathology laboratory to be...
    442 Words | 2 Pages
  • All Obstetrics Essays

  • Risk Management in Obstetrics - 2089 Words
    Fahad Syed 991541355 Risk Management in Obstetrics Introduction Obstetrics is defined as the branch of medicine which deals with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the period during which they recover from childbirth (Agency for healthcare research and quality, 2000). The major factor that makes obstetrics a high risk area is expectation. The majority of women who are about to give birth tend to be young and healthy (Clements, 2001). Naturally, they expect to give birth...
    2,089 Words | 6 Pages
  • Childbirth and Obstetrics Nurses - 513 Words
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Desiree Collins Francis Marion University Obstetrics nursing is healthcare profession that focuses on the care of pregnant women and the babies they give birth to. Obstetrics nurse deals with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the time after the women’s pregnancy, as well as offer nursing care for women with health problems of or related to their reproductive system. Some obstetrics nurses may specialize in labor and delivery nurses....
    513 Words | 2 Pages
  • Maternal Mortality in Ghana - 901 Words
    Question: Advice the Ministry of Health on how to deal with Maternal Mortality in Ghana Maternal mortality is the death of a woman during pregnancy or within 42 days at the end of pregnancy from causes aggravated by the pregnancy but not from incidental causes. A woman’s risk of death in childbirth over the course of her life may be due to many factors including the number of children she already has, spacing of the births, conditions under which she gives birth and her own health and...
    901 Words | 3 Pages
  • Mid Semester - 1185 Words
    A woman's obstetrical history is recorded as: number of pregnancies, known as gravida and number of pregnancies carried to viable gestational age , known as parity. Viable gestational age varies from region to region, for example in the UK it is considered to be 24 weeks whilst in the USA 23 weeks is considered viable. A woman who has never given birth is a nullipara, a nullip, or para 0. A woman who has never completed a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks is also referred to as being nulliparous, a...
    1,185 Words | 4 Pages
  • Preeclampsia Case Study - 2023 Words
    At 0600 Jennie is brought to the Labor and Delivery triage area by her sister. The client complains of a pounding headache for the last 12 hours unrelieved by acetaminophen (Tylenol), swollen hands and face for 2 days, and epigastric pain described as bad heartburn. Her sister tells the nurse, "I felt like that when I had toxemia during my pregnancy." Admission assessment by the nurse reveals: today's weight 182 pounds, T 99.1° F, P 76, R 22, BP 138/88, 4+ pitting edema, and 3+ protein in the...
    2,023 Words | 8 Pages
  • High-Risk Antepartum Nursing
     Chapter 7 High-Risk Antepartum Nursing  Pre-gestational Complications  For some women, pregnancy represents significant risk because it is superimposed on preexisting illness  Cardiovascular Disorders Classifications Risks for woman Risks for newborn Assessment findings Management Nursing actions  Cardiovascular Disorders  Congenital heart disease is becoming more common as more women are surviving into their reproductive years.  Stuff you already know:  Normal...
    4,811 Words | 26 Pages
  • Detection of Chromosomal Abnormalities in Prenatal Samples.
    Research proposal for Ph.D. Subject: Detection of chromosomal abnormalities in prenatal samples. In this 21st century, due to fast life, marriages occur at late age, and thus, possibilities of genetic abnormalities in next generation rises. Consanguineous marriages may also the cause of genetical abnormality in feotus. Now a day it should be necessary to know genetic makeup of child before birth to prevent abnormal cases. To overcome this problem, detection of chromosomal...
    354 Words | 2 Pages
  • Interventions for Maternal and Child Health in Nepal
    Maternal and Child Health: Interventions to Improve Nutritional Status Sarah Bassiouni Margaret Lippitt Katie Stetler EMD 543: Global Aspects of Food and Nutrition December 2011 Table of Contents I. Executive Summary.................................................................................. Including one-page briefs on recommended interventions II. Introduction.............................................................................................. III. Antenatal...
    1,070 Words | 4 Pages
  • Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - 1790 Words
    [pic] OBSTETRICS POSTING CASE WRITE-UP PREGNANCY INDUCE HYPERTENSION Name: Muhammad Azraie B. Mat Ali Matrix Number: 1090265 Patient Identification Name : Nur Asilah Bt. Johari Age : 23 year old Race : Malay Sex : Female Address : Taman Raja Abdullah Occupation : Student D.O.A. : 13 March 2013 I/C : 900208035442 LMP : 27 June 2012 - sure of date - not on breast feeding - not on contraceptive...
    1,790 Words | 9 Pages
  • Human Growth and Development - 4276 Words
    Diet in Relation to Maternal Mortality Sarah S Coun-502 Human growth and development Dr. Christina Villarreal-Davis 8. May 2012 Abstract In most of the Eastern cultures women are perceived to be a liability and receive little to no education, proper nutrition, or medical help. This mindset towards women in several cultures becomes a contributing factor for the poor health conditions. In addition to this mindset the low socio-economic status of women, due to poverty and lack of education...
    4,276 Words | 14 Pages
  • Utilization of Antenatal and Delivery Health Care Services Among Women in Mpanda District a Case of Kashaulili Ward
    CHAPETER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION Globally, an estimated 585,000 maternal deaths occur annually, with over 99% of these deaths occurring in developing countries. It is barely five years to the target for the attainment of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5, which seeks to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by three fourths, compared to the 1990 level. Qualified antenatal care, skilled birth attendance, access to emergency obstetric care and...
    7,223 Words | 28 Pages
  • Partograph - 968 Words
    GOOD DAY!!! PARTOGRAPH Made Easy I. The Partograph A tool to help in management of labor  Guides birth attendant to identify women whose labor is delayed and therefore decide appropriate action OBJECTIVES To understand the concept of the WHO partograph I.  To explain to mothers the significance of the graph II. To record the observations accurately on the graph III. To interpret the recorded findings, recognize deviation from the norm, and decide on timely referral Monitor...
    968 Words | 15 Pages
  • Labor and Delivery - 269 Words
    One Special Delivery On February 12, 2010 a day I will never forget. I started my daily routines cooking and cleaning. Then all of a sudden I began to feel weak, my vision was blurry, I felt dizzy, and it felt as if my head was about to explode. When this happened I immediately called my primary doctor to schedule an appointment. I was really frightened and confused. At the time, I had no idea what was going on. My doctor did blood work and ran test to figure out why this happened. My...
    269 Words | 1 Page
  • Termination of Pregnancy - 1579 Words
    MSc in Cardiology 2010-2011-CVSM 5001 Basic Cardiology (28 Dec 2010) Objectives of this Lecture Termination of Pregnancy: Ethical and Practical Consideration Tam, Wing Hung Associate Professor Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology CUHK 1. Importance of pre‐conceptional counselling for patients with cardiac disease 2. Conditions for TOP 3. Legal aspect of TOP 4. Methods of TOP 5. Risk of TOP: specific to cardiac patient 6. An example of cardiomyopathy Physiological Changes •...
    1,579 Words | 10 Pages
  • Gastroschisis - 1464 Words
     Gastroschisis Tanya Echeverria 10/13/14 Gastroschisis is a birth defect, a congenital condition where there is an incomplete formation of the abdominal wall, (Bucher, B. T., Mazotas, I. G., Warner, B. W., & Saito, J. 2012, June). it results from herniation of the small intestines into the amniotic fluid through a small defect with the size of two to five centimeters in the right umbilical region. Rarely the opening will be located to the left umbilical region. It occurs between twenty-eight...
    1,464 Words | 4 Pages
  • A Social Project on the Effects of Teenage Pregnancy
    Teenage Pregnancy: A Socially Inflicted Health Hazard Bratati Banerjee, GK Pandey,1 Debashis Dutt,2 Bhaswati Sengupta,2 Maitrayei Mondal,2 and Sila Deb Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India 1Department of Epidemiology, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, India 2Department of Public Health Administration, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, India Address for correspondence: Dr. Bratati Banerjee,...
    3,176 Words | 10 Pages
  • Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - 919 Words
    Post-Partum Clinical Journal Patient (RM) was a 26 year old primigravid admitted on 10/27/13. She had type O+ blood, non-immune to Rubella, negative for group beta strep, previous appendectomy, and right rotator cuff surgery. She had spontaneous rupture of membranes and was admitted with a blood pressure ranging in the 180’s for systolic and 100’s-110’s for diastolic. She also had increased amounts of protein in her urine which is a warning sign for renal damage. She was placed on magnesium...
    919 Words | 3 Pages
  • High Risk Pregnancy - 1577 Words
    HIGH RISK PREGNANCY Is one in which the mother or fetus has a significant increased chance of harm, damage, injury or disability (morbidity), & loss of life or death (mortality) RISK FACTORS A. DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS ← Age – under 16 or over 65 years old. Optimal childbearing is between 20-30 years old ← Weight – overweight or underweight before pregnancy ← Height – less than 5 feet B. SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS • Inadequate finances • Overcrowding, poor standards of housing,...
    1,577 Words | 9 Pages
  • Amniocentesis Essay - 626 Words
    Amniocentesis essay Amniocentesis referred as amniotic fluid test (AFT), is a medical processes used for pregnancy moreover in the early it used for diagnosis chromosomal and other fetal problems such as; Down syndrome, Trisomy 13/18, Fragile X, Rare-inherited metabolic disorders, Neural tube defects by alpha-fetoprotein levels. This technique is used full but more ever there are lots of risk however later on this technique get developing, it also can uses to detect problems such as;...
    626 Words | 2 Pages
  • Safe Motherhood & Child Survival: a Situation in Lower Income Group at Dhaka City
    SAFE MOTHERHOOD AND CHILD SURVIVAL SITUATION IN DHAKA CITY INTRODUCTION Every minute, another woman dies in childbirth. Every minute the loss of a mother shatters a family and threatens the well being of surviving children. For every woman who dies, 20 or more experience serious complications. These range from chronic infections to disabling injuries (Such as Obstetric fistula). Maternal death and disability rates mirror the huge discrepancies that exist between the haves and the...
    14,450 Words | 61 Pages
  • reflection - 1994 Words
    Claire Phillips Band 6 Midwife NMC Pin: 12G2067E Reflection I hereby declare that this work is solely written by myself and has never been submitted to any other learning establishment Description Whilst working on the maternity ward as a band 6 qualified midwife, I was allocated to look after a patient who was 36 weeks gestation and had had a preterm rupture of membranes (PROM). This patient was given oral Erythromycin when she wasn’t prescribed it. This incident was...
    1,994 Words | 6 Pages
  • Nsd 225 Study Guide
    Review for test #3 1. Calcium is not well absorbedless that 30% 2. A major mineral means you need more of it. 3. The six major minerals are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and chlorine. The rest are trace minerals, which are not less important, but you just need them in less amounts. 4. Minerals are 0 calories. 5. The best source of iron is beef, liver, or meat. 6. The best source of zinc is beef, liver, or meat. 7. Vitamin C will help you absorb...
    2,522 Words | 7 Pages
  • Assignment on Maternal Mortality - 292 Words
    At first this is necessary to compare the ongoing maternal mortality rate among the South Asian countries and then a comparative study on Bangladesh to find out (in between 2001-2010) the areas where maternal mortality rate is successfully declined and where is still to work. From this chart we get a picture that Sri Lanka and Maldives are in a better position whereas India and Bangladesh are following this path respectively. Here is another picture below of declining maternal mortality from...
    292 Words | 2 Pages
  • Partograph - 1545 Words
    S.Anuchithra, MSc N, (PhD) Vice- Principal and HOD Maternity Nursing, Parshwanath Doddanavar Bharatesh College of Nursing, Halaga, Belgaum- 590 003. Karnataka. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… PARTOGRAM or PARTOGRAPH INTRODUCTION: Partograph is a Greek word which means “Labour Curve”. Partograph or Partogram is a simple, Inexpensive tool which gives continuous pictorial overview of labour. It is the easy way to detect prolonged labour. The common obstetric...
    1,545 Words | 7 Pages
  • Congenital Anomaly Caudal Regression Syndrom
    Congenital Anomaly Worksheet Anomaly Name: CAUDAL REGRESSION SYNDROM Synonym - SIRENOMELIA - most severe form of CRS Incidence: One in 20 000 - 100 000 births. Diagnosis: The caudal Aplasia - Dysplasia sequence ic caused by a partial or total absence of the distal part of the NEURAT TUBE. This results in anomalies of the lower limb and of the gastrointestinal & nrogenital tracts. Mostly sporadic occurrence, genetically HETEROGENEOUSE. Autosomal or X - chromosomal - dominant...
    374 Words | 2 Pages
  • Obesity and Pregnant Women Outcomes
    BMC Public Health Research article BioMed Central Open Access Effect of Body Mass Index on pregnancy outcomes in nulliparous women delivering singleton babies Sohinee Bhattacharya*1, Doris M Campbell2, William A Liston3 and Siladitya Bhattacharya2 Address: 1Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women's Health, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK, 2Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK and 3The Simpson...
    6,576 Words | 20 Pages
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage - 6764 Words
    Postpartum Hemorrhage * Overview * Workup * Treatment Updated: Dec 20, 2012 * ------------------------------------------------- Background * ------------------------------------------------- Problem * ------------------------------------------------- Epidemiology * ------------------------------------------------- Etiology * ------------------------------------------------- Prevention * -------------------------------------------------...
    6,764 Words | 19 Pages
  • Health Policy Anaylsis - 585 Words
     Health Policy Analysis on Bill 5551 Hayley Carlson Saint Louis University I analyzed a bill called, “Heartbeat Informed Consent Act.” The legislation is to ensure that women who are seeking/contemplating an abortion receive an ultrasound and an opportunity to review the ultrasound before giving their informed consent to receive an abortion. Michele Bachmann introduced this bill. She introduced the bill because she felt that if a woman is able to see the presence of a heartbeat she...
    585 Words | 2 Pages
  • Abnormal Ob - 2089 Words
    BLEEDING DISORDERS OF LATE PREGNANCY PLACENTA PREVIA * placenta develops in the lower part of uterus versus the upper part * There are 3 degrees of previa: * Marginal – reaches within 3cm of cervical opening * Partial – placenta partially covers the cervical opening * Complete/ Total – completely covers opening * Observe bleeding during contraction Manifestations: * bright red, painless vaginal bleeding * risk of hemorrhage increases with nearing of labor *...
    2,089 Words | 13 Pages
  • Independant Study - 3363 Words
    Independent Study Does homebirth increase the risk of a negative maternal and fetal outcome in primigravida women than birth in a hospital setting? Word count: 3,284 Submission date: 5th April 2013 This study intends to examine current evidence and literature on maternal and fetal outcomes in relation to birth setting. The student aims to critically analyse the findings of up to date research studies and make...
    3,363 Words | 10 Pages
  • Atul Gawande - 441 Words
    AStandardization is good, it saves lives Agpar score Standardization resulted in good things such as neonatal intensive units, prenatal ultrasound, obstetrics package. “And that package has produced dramatic results”. Gawande highlights some flaws of Obstetrics such as their lack of double blind, controlled randomized trials (obstetrics uses the least double blind controlled trials in all of medicine), use of fetal heart rate monitoring device, forceps eliminated even though better for...
    441 Words | 2 Pages
  • midwifery - 456 Words
    Poor maternal and child health continue to be one of the most serious development challenges facing Nigeria.With better health care the deaths of over 50,000 mothers and 250,000 babies a year could be prevented.Targeting this challenge, in 2009 the Government launched a new Midwives Service Scheme with funds from debt relief gains.This initiative recruits unemployed and retired midwives for deployment to primary health centres in rural communities. Midwives are crucial in bringing down maternal,...
    456 Words | 2 Pages
  • God Knows - 7056 Words
    Original article Shoulder dystocia: an Evidence-Based approach Salvatore Politi1 Laura D’Emidio2 Pietro Cignini2 Maurizio Giorlandino2 Claudio Giorlandino2 Introduction Most often an unpredictable and unpreventable obstetric emergency, Shoulder Dystocia (SD) continues to evoke terror and fear among physicians, nurse midwives and other healthcare providers (1,2). SD is defined as a delivery that requires additional obstetric manoeuvres to release the shoulders after gentle downward...
    7,056 Words | 22 Pages
  • Midwifery Care - 1903 Words
     Reflective essay In this assignment I will be reflecting on a particular scenario that I have experienced during my time in a female only surgical ward (SW). In order to reflect in a methodical manner, I will be using Gibbs' model of reflection (Gibbs, 1988). Description Whilst on the SW, I was placed at the Early Pregnancy Assessment Unit (EPAU) and had the opportunity to observe transvaginal scans. This method of examination is very thorough, the entire true pelvis can be surveyed...
    1,903 Words | 7 Pages
  • Clerkship Practical Tools - 2838 Words
    The Ob-Gyn Clerkship: Your Guide to Success Tools for the Clerkship, contained in this document: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Sample obstetrics admission note Sample delivery note Sample operative note Sample postpartum note a. Vaginal delivery b. Cesarean section orders/note Sample gynecologic history & physical (H&P) Admission orders Commonly-used abbreviations Spanish lesson 1 1. Sample Admission to Labor and Delivery Note Date & time Identification (includes age, gravidity, parity,...
    2,838 Words | 9 Pages
  • Health Promotion - 2274 Words
    Health Promotion: Giving up Smoking in Pregnancy Introduction The object of this assignment is to critically appraise a health promotion initiative related to midwifery practice. The initiative chosen is a NHS Health Scotland leaflet entitled 'Smoking: giving up during pregnancy: a guide for pregnant women who want to stop smoking' (NHS Health Scotland 2003). It will be referred to as the 'initiative' or the 'leaflet' throughout this assignment. The World Health Organisation (WHO) identified...
    2,274 Words | 6 Pages
  • Awareness of Women on Maternal Mortality
    Maternal mortality is a neglected tragedy that has been described as the greatest health scandal of our time1. Estimates of up to and more than 1000 per 100,000 live births have been reported in many developing countries, Nigeria being among the countries with highest maternal mortality rates in the world. The obstetrical causes of maternal mortality are well documented, and these are largely preventable. There also social/cultural factors that significantly contribute to maternal mortality,...
    383 Words | 2 Pages
  • Antepartum Fetal Surveillance 2014
    The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists WOMEN’S HEALTH CARE PHYSICIANS P RACTICE BULLET IN clinical management guidelines for obstetrician – gynecologists Number 145, July 2014 (Replaces Practice Bulletin Number 9, October 1999) Antepartum Fetal Surveillance The goal of antepartum fetal surveillance is to prevent fetal death. Antepartum fetal surveillance techniques based on assessment of fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns have been in clinical use for almost four decades and...
    8,496 Words | 35 Pages
  • A Case of a Patient with Hydatidiform Mole
    The Case R.L., 38 y.o., G5P5 (5-0-0-5) was admitted at Ospital ng Maynila today June 27, 2012 because of on and off vaginal spotting for 3 weeks. LMP- April 1, 2012 PMP- March 3, 2012. Pregnancy test was done 3 weeks ago and revealed positive result. A TVS was done and revealed a complex echogenic uterine mass with numerous cystic spaces, No fetus or amnionic sac seen. A 6 cm theca lutein cyst was seen at the left ovary. P.E. * BP- 120/70 mmHg. PR- 75bpm RR- 18 cpm wt.- 135 ibs...
    2,222 Words | 8 Pages
  • Definition of Ob-Peds Terms
    Definitions: EDC/EDD: expected date of confinement/estimated due date Effacement: thinning of the cervix Meconium: first feces of newborn Umbilicus: belly button Bili blanket: UV emitting light blanket that helps convert bilirubin to form that can be detoxed by liver Fetal monitor strip: a graphic record of FHR and uterine activity obtained by EFM (electronic fetal monitoring) Placenta accreta: A placenta in which the cotyledons have invaded the uterine musculature, resulting in difficult...
    2,269 Words | 7 Pages
  • Preeclampsia Case Study - 1049 Words
    Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels) that carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, means that the pressure in the arteries is above the normal range. What is pregnancy-induced hypertension? Pregnancy-induced hypertension—which may also be called pre-eclampsia, toxemia, or toxemia of...
    1,049 Words | 5 Pages
  • Chapter 28 - 5882 Words
    Chapter 28: Care of the High-Risk Mother, Newborn, and Family with Special Needs High-risk pregnancy One in which the life or health of the mother or the infant is jeopardized by a d/o that is associated with or exists at the same Morbidity State of being diseased Mortality Quality or state of being subject to death Classifications of high-risk factors of pregnancy Biophysical, Psychosocial, Sociodemographic, Environmental Biophysical Genetic considerations, nutritional status,...
    5,882 Words | 22 Pages
  • Values Used in Ultrasound - 2064 Words
    |LIVER | Caudo ~ Cranial (CC) length = < 17 cm Right Lobe Caudo ~ Cranial (CC) length = < 16 cm Anterio ~ Posterior (A ~ P) length = < 16 cm Left Lobe Width = < 11 cm Anterio ~ Posterior (A ~ P) length = < 7 cm Caudate Lobe Caudo ~ Cranial (CC) length = < 8 cm (5 ~ 8 cm) Anterio ~ Posterior (A ~ P) length = < 2.5 cm (2.0 ~ 2.5 cm)...
    2,064 Words | 16 Pages
  • A Reflection of My Caseholding - 3148 Words
    A reflection about my experience of caseloading For this essay I will be using the John’s (2000) structured model of reflection, as I find it guides me through my thoughts in a clear and structured format. I will be reflecting on a caseloading experience mainly in relation to the labour and birth, as this was a key time in meeting many of the objectives of the module and as a result has been a great benefit to myself not only as a student midwife but for my future career. The particular woman...
    3,148 Words | 9 Pages
  • Pregnancy and complications - 654 Words
    HEALTHCARE COST AND UTILIZATION PROJECT Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality STATISTICAL BRIEF #113 From May 2011 Complicating Conditions of Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2008 Highlights ■ Among the 4.2 million deliveries in 2008, 94.1 percent listed some type of pregnancy complication. ■ Stays with pregnancy-related complications tended to be longer (2.9 days for non-delivery stays and 2.7 days for delivery stays) than delivery stays without...
    654 Words | 7 Pages
  • How Does the Midwife Confirm That a Pregnant Woman Is in Good Health?
    How does the midwife confirm that a pregnant woman is in good health? Discuss the assessment of physical wellbeing of the woman and what the midwife does when there are deviations from the normal health for the woman. Contents Introduction 3 The Role of the Midwife in Antenatal Care 4 First Antenatal Booking Visit 6 Return Antenatal Visits 7 Normal Values and Deviations from Normal 9 Signs of Deterioration 10 Recognition of acute critical illness in pregnancy 13 Conclusion...
    3,707 Words | 11 Pages
  • Teenage Pregnancy - 1140 Words
    Teenage Pregnancy: Correlation is not Causation Dahlia Richardson MAT 540: Statistical Concepts for Research Ashford University Professor Dr. Stacy Thorne June 10, 2013 Teenage Pregnancy Introduction Teenage pregnancy has proven itself to be a global problem that places both the mother and child at risk. This paper will examine studies about the risk factors for pregnancy in women under the age of 19 and comparing them to risk factors for women between 19 and 35 inclusively to...
    1,140 Words | 4 Pages
  • Teenage Pregnancy - 5444 Words
    EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY This essay aims to use the principles of epidemiology to describe the problem of adolescent pregnancy and demonstrate its significance and impact as a public health problem. In the same wise applying epidemiological principles the determinants of teenage pregnancy are identified and an attempt is made to conceptualise the interplay between the socioeconomic environments and the biological factors in giving rise to the problem and influencing the life...
    5,444 Words | 17 Pages
  • Healthy Pregnancy - 784 Words
    Pregnancy can be very difficult even for an average healthy woman. There are many risk factors that are added when being overweight and pregnant, making the process much more complex and stressful on the mother and the baby. Weight issues may carry very harmful effects not only for the mother but can impact the development of the fetus as well. This paper will discuss the risks that are related to the health of the mother, fetus, recovery and postpartum. Individual health risks for just...
    784 Words | 3 Pages
  • High Risk Pregnancy - 2142 Words
     High Risk Pregnancy- is one in which a concurrent disorder, pregnancy related complications or external factor jeopardizes the health of the woman, the fetus or both. Complications with POWER Dystocia- can arise from any of the four main component of the labor process: Power, Passenger, Passageway and Pysche. -defined as a long, difficult, abnormal labor. Causes -Power: dysfunctional labor -Passageway: alterations in pelvic structure - Passenger:...
    2,142 Words | 12 Pages
  • Effects of Smoking on Reproduction - 1783 Words
    Effects of Smoking on Reproduction Stacie L. Thomason Tusculum College Abstract The effects that smoking has on reproduction can be extensive. It not only affects women and children, but men as well. Smoking before getting pregnant can cause infertility in both men and women. Other issues than can occur are infertility in men and women, low birth weight in babies, still birth, miscarriage, and effects on children as they grow. After a child is born, issues such as asthma, clef...
    1,783 Words | 5 Pages
  • Kubler-Ross and the Story of Job
    W O ME N A N D C H I L D R E N The effects of different maternal positions on non-stress test: an experimental study Merlinda Alus ¸ BSN, MSc Dokuz Eylulu University, School of Nursing, Balcova, Izmir, Turkey Hulya Okumus ¸ ¨ BSN, MSN, PhD Dokuz Eylulu University, School of Nursing, Balcova, Izmir, Turkey Samiye Mete BSN, MSN, PhD Dokuz Eylulu University, School of Nursing, Balcova, Izmir, Turkey Serkan Guclu ¨¸ ¨ MD Dokuz Eylul University, School of...
    4,628 Words | 23 Pages
  • cv preparation - 741 Words
    741 Words | 10 Pages
  • Breech Presentation Final - 5706 Words
    Chapter 48: Breech Delivery Techniques Dr. Ernesto S. Uichanco Introduction Classification of Breech Presentation Vaginal Delivery Versus Cesarean Section Management of Labor and Delivery Spontaneous Breech Delivery Assisted Breech Delivery Delivery of the Shoulder and Arms Delivery of the Head Mauriceau-Smellie-Voit Maneuver Piper’s Forceps Application Complete Breech Extraction Cesarean Section Difficulties in Vaginal Breech Delivery Nuchal Arm Cervical Entrapment...
    5,706 Words | 21 Pages
    POSTPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE​ A postpartum haemorrhage is any bleeding from the genital tract, following the birth of a baby, of more than 500mls or any amount that adversely affects the mother. A primary postpartum haemorrhage occurs within the first 24 hours, a secondary postpartum haemorrhage occurs after 24 hours up to 12 weeks post partum. Potential risk factors for postpartum haemorrhage Multiple pregnancy Macrosomia Polyhydramnios Grandmultiparity Retained placenta Augmented labour Placenta...
    499 Words | 4 Pages
  • Smoking While Pregnant - 1324 Words
     Cigarettes: The Deadly Teratogen Jerika Carpenter Embryology 35 Dr. Lydia Thebeau April 2, 2012 Cigarettes: The Deadly Teratogen La‘Aaron Carpenter was born on July 25, 2003. Very shortly after he was born, La’Aaron was diagnosed with asthma, after he had a severely bad case of bronchitis. His cognitive and physical development was much more delayed than other infants that were his age. La’Aaron began...
    1,324 Words | 5 Pages
  • Teaching and Entertaining Pre-School Children
    Teaching and Entertaining Pre-school Children Assignment One: 1.1 Describe the 10 principal factors which affect children’s growth and development. There are many factors which affect the growth and development of children. Some of these factors may only be temporary whereas many may be more permanent. Although the range is huge, from something as small as a common cold to a more serious illness such as cystic fibrosis, every one of them could, and in some instances have serious implications...
    4,840 Words | 13 Pages
  • Newborn Exam - 2003 Words
    The government initiatives to reduce junior doctors’ hours within the NHS Plan (DH 2000) have increased the call for midwives to expand their traditional role and take on some of the tasks that in the past have mainly been carried out by junior doctors (Kings Fund 2011). Having been working within the community setting as a midwife for the past three years I was interested in extending my role in order to provide more holistic care for my caseload of clients and their babies. Holistic care for...
    2,003 Words | 5 Pages
  • Antenatal Health Care - 955 Words
    Antenatal ANTENATAL HEALTH CARE There are 4 components of antenatal care:- * Booking at first visit * Routine check-up antenatally * Investigation done during antenatal * Further check up by the doctor and specialist if it a complicated pregnancy Booking at first visit 1. Urine pregnancy test is done to confirm the pregnancy 2. History taking is done regarding: * Current complains * Previous pregnancy * Gynecological history and etc 3. Medical...
    955 Words | 5 Pages
  • essay midwifery - 2474 Words
    Admission cardiotocography This essay will demonstrate evidence for the midwifery management of admission cardiotocography (CTG) and how this affects women’s choice. Fetal heart monitoring has been practised for centuries. The first person to document the fetal beat was Phillipe LeGaust in 1650 placing the ear directly to the abdomen of the pregnant woman. In the UK, Ferguson was the first person to describe it in 1827. In 1976, the French physician Dr. A. Pinard designed the fetal...
    2,474 Words | 8 Pages
  • importance of community based strategies
    IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNITY BASED STRATEGIES IN DELIVERING COMMUNITY BASED MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH Community health strategy is a community based approach through which households’and community take active role in health and health related developmental issue. Its aim is to enhance community access to health care through, providing health care services to all cohorts and socio economic groups at house hold and community level; building the capacity of community health extension worker (CHEW)...
    1,178 Words | 4 Pages
  • Minor Disorders in Pregnancy - 1526 Words
    Pregnancy is a time when a woman’s body will go through numerous adaptations in order to accommodate the fetus. During these physiological adaptations, the organs such as spleen and liver and systems such as the endocrine and circulatory systems will be affected. A woman can experience minor disorders that are most likely the result of hormonal changes on the smooth muscle and connective tissues. This paper endeavours to describe some of the minor disorders in pregnancy in particular, heartburn...
    1,526 Words | 5 Pages
  • Inventory Management and Organizational Perfomance
    Perhaps you've put off pregnancy to concentrate on your career, or because it’s taken you a while to find the right partner. Or perhaps you've been trying for a baby for a while, and your 40th has come and gone. The burning question for you now is, "Have I left it too late?" The answer is "no"! Many 40-plus women do conceive, although there's no denying that your odds of getting pregnant are a lot lower than just a few years ago. What are my chances of getting pregnant naturally in my...
    1,312 Words | 5 Pages
  • Antenatal care - 1224 Words
    Antepartum care Purposes physical and psychic preparation genetic risk identification associated diseases treatment immunization Basic principles Pregnancy is not a disease Mental preparation is necessary Good nutrition Early detection and treatment of illnesses Adjustment to physical limitations of pregnancy Education of the couple about normal and abnormal events Avoidance of substances harmful to the fetus Pre-conception care History drug, alcohol,...
    1,224 Words | 10 Pages
  • independent nurse practitioner - 1925 Words
     INDEPENDENT NURSE PRACTITIONER (INP) Introduction: A independent Nurse Practitioner (INP) is a registered nurse who has completed specific advanced nursing education (generally a master's degree or doctoral degree, B.sc. or GNM) and training in the diagnosis and management of common as well as complex medical conditions. Nurse Practitioners provide a broad range of health care services. & independent nurse practitioners function independently without physician involvement....
    1,925 Words | 7 Pages
  • Promoting and Facilitating Informed Choice
    Promoting and facilitating informed choice. Women who face care decision dilemmas. This essay will explore the care received by a woman during her pregnancy, with particular reference to the application of Lesley Page’s (2000) five steps (Appendix I). In accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC), 2004 guidelines on confidentiality, the woman’s name has been changed. [pic] Finding out what is important to the woman and her family. As Page (2000) states, in providing woman...
    2,866 Words | 9 Pages
  • An Insight into the Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Centers
    With technology on the rise and an increased experience from the past there is now a confusing array of choices that the pregnant mother has to deliver her baby (Harding, 2003). These models affect the type of care she receives, the location of her birth, the type of birth she endures, the people that surround her and also the care her baby will receive in an emergency. The social, emotional, spiritual and physical health determinants will all be affected relative to the model of care that is...
    1,570 Words | 5 Pages
    RESEARCH ARTICLE ON MATERNAL HEALTH & STATUS OF WOMEN IN RAJASTHAN ABSTRACT “Maternal deaths are both caused by poverty and are a cause for it. The cost of childbirth can quickly exhaust a family’s income, bringing more financial hardship.” -Tamar Manuelyan, Vice President for Human Development at the World Bank. Maternal health refers to the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Many developing nations lack apposite health...
    3,670 Words | 12 Pages
  • Giving Birth at Home - 1397 Words
    The Pros and Cons of Home Birth The demand for natural child birth and giving birth outside of the hospital setting is increasing in the United States. However it is a topic that remains controversial. There is no shortage of glowing stories from happy mothers of safely home birthed babies, but there are horror stories as well. Planned home births are generally considered safe for healthy women with low risk pregnancies being attended by certified nurse midwifes with a good system in place...
    1,397 Words | 4 Pages
  • Maternal Mortality in Somalia - 3650 Words
    II. Global Public Health Issue Somalia is a country that has suffered from many issues since the collapse of any sort of centralized government. The Somali people have suffered from countless diseases, poverty, conflict, environmental disasters, and constant displacement. For almost an entire generation the country has been without an effective central government, which in turn had major effects on the country’s health system. The Somali health system consists primarily of fragmented and...
    3,650 Words | 10 Pages
  • Current Health Promotion Pamphlet Paper
     Current Health Promotion Pamphlet Paper Current Health Promotion Paper Pamphlet Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome is a dangerous complication of pregnancy. It is a severe form of preeclampsia and is most common in the third trimester of pregnancy. The cause of the disease is unknown, but the cure is the delivery of the infant and removal of the placenta. This illness can be challenging to diagnose and often presents in atypical fashion involving...
    821 Words | 3 Pages
  • Dfdfff - 396 Words
    Information for patients The department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology looks after only women patients. Obstetrics deals with pregnancy and child birth. An obstetrician gives pre pregnancy counseling, looks after the woman and her baby during pregnancy, helps with child birth and looks after the woman for six weeks after delivery. A gynaecologist looks after women with diseases of the reproductive system. These include period problems, infections, benign tumours like fibroids and ovarian...
    396 Words | 3 Pages
  • Handout Maternal Nursing - 3828 Words
    Maternal Child Nursing I. Family A group of two or more persons who lives together in the same household, perform certain interrelated social tasks and share an emotional bond II. Types: a. Nuclear i. Husband, wife, children ii. Provide support and feel affection to family members b. Cohabitation family i. Heterosexual couple living together But NOT married ii. Short or long term c. Extended or Multigenerational family i. Nuclear family + other family members ii. May experience...
    3,828 Words | 20 Pages
  • NCLEX-PN - 3015 Words
    Maternity Test 2 A woman who is pregnant for the third time is referred to as a: Multigravida A woman who is 8 weeks pregnant has a daughter age 5 and a son age 2. Previously, she had a spontaneous abortion at 12 weeks’ gestation. Therefore, she is gravida _4____, para ___2__. A woman’s last normal menstrual period began July 4. Using Nägele’s rule, what would be her estimated date of delivery? April 11 A woman comes to the physician’s office because she has missed a menstrual...
    3,015 Words | 13 Pages
  • Gestational Hypertension - 3914 Words
    Running head: Gestational Hypertension Gestational Hypertension Gestational Hypertension Many believe that child birth is part of the cycle of a women’s life. The majority of women have minimal complications with natural child birth but to some the process may be life threatening. Past statistics have shown a high rate of child birth mortality. Today, this rate has decreased with the advancement of the medical field. However, women all over the world are still facing different kinds of...
    3,914 Words | 12 Pages
  • manuscript - 4589 Words
    Objectives: 1. To be able to apply in practice the knowledge acquired in providing nursing care for a client with uterine atony. 2. To learn and improve our knowledge in giving nursing care to patient with postpartal hemorrhage. 3. To come up with health teaching necessary for patient with postpartal hemorrhage. Case Scenario: Mrs. Angela Simons, 36 years old, G8 P7, was rushed to the hospital because of active labor. She had a prolonged and difficult labor. During the first hour of her...
    4,589 Words | 18 Pages
  • Ghjl - 2483 Words
    OPERATIVE DELIVERY Komal Imtiaz Roll No. 22 Gynecology An operative delivery is performed if a spontaneous birth is judged to pose a greater risk to mother or child than an assisted one. Operations are divided into abdominal methods (caesarean section) and vaginal assisted deliveries (forceps delivery and vacuum extraction). Preparations for operative delivery: * Discuss operative delivery with the woman and her partner (if time is short, at least outline what will...
    2,483 Words | 8 Pages
  • Why Do I Live
    Support for the Midwifery Profession: Pros and Cons The tradition of midwifery virtually disappeared in Canada during the early part of this century. Several generations of women gave up childbirth at home to the medical profession. They did this in the name of safety and pain relief, or simply because the option of being cared for by a midwife no longer existed. Midwifery should be re-instated as a legal and honourable profession. With healthy pregnancies and under normal conditions, women...
    822 Words | 2 Pages
  • 1 Key roles and responsibilities of a
     Key roles and responsibilities of a midwife during antenatal A midwife is a trained professional to help aid throughout the stages of a woman's pregnancy. Prenatal care is from the first appointment where you would get to meet your expectant parent/s. (Tommy’s 2013). This is where the midwife will receive confirmation of the pregnancy and calculate the woman's due date, where all relevant questions will be asked about her general health and the health of her partner and the family....
    1,746 Words | 6 Pages
  • The Above Picture Illustrates Amniocentesis
    Amniocentesis The above picture illustrates amniocentesis, a procedure to test for birth abnormalities including spina bifida*, anencephaly*, and Rh disease*. With the assistance of an ultrasound (imaging of abdomen using high frequency sound waves), a fine needle is guided through the mother’s abdomen/uterine wall to then extract the amniotic fluid from the uterus (womb). Afterwards, the extracted material is sent to the laboratory for cytological analysis which will determine if the fetus...
    558 Words | 2 Pages
  • Decelerations Defined - 719 Words
    Decelerations Defined Decelerations are categorized as early, late, variable, or prolonged. FHR decelerations are defined according to their visual relationship to the onset and end of a contraction and by their shape. Early decelerations Visually apparent gradual decrease in and return to the baseline FHR associated with uterine contractions. The onset, nadir, and recovery of the deceleration generally correspond to the beginning, peak, and end of the contraction. Early decelerations are...
    719 Words | 3 Pages
  • Pre Eclampsia - 2089 Words
    Initial History and Assessment At 0600 Jennie is brought to the Labor and Delivery triage area by her sister. The client complains of a pounding headache for the last 12 hours unrelieved by acetaminophen (Tylenol), swollen hands and face for 2 days, and epigastric pain described as bad heartburn. Her sister tells the nurse, "I felt like that when I had toxemia during my pregnancy." Admission assessment by the nurse reveals: today's weight 182 pounds, T 99.1° F, P 76, R 22, BP 138/88, 4+...
    2,089 Words | 8 Pages
  • Explain How to Plan a Small Scale Campaign
    P3 - Explain how to plan a small scale health education campaign relevant to local or national strategies. We first started doing our health campaign on smoking and aimed it on people that were 16 years old and pregnant women. Smoking causes health problems such as several types of cancer which have been broadcasted through advertising and several other campaigns warning people about the repercussions of smoking. There have been many national health strategies to help promote the negative...
    1,734 Words | 5 Pages
  • Hey Im Here Yeah
    Obstetrician Gynecologist (OB-GYN) Ra’Shay Grays English 12 Mrs. Jane Smith Senior Research Project Sixth Period March 26, 2013 Healthy people are happy people. Keeping that statement in mind, practicing medicine seems to be a good career choice. For many young adults making the important decision of becoming a productive citizen in society is choosing the right career. This paper will focus in on the life of an Obstetrician Gynecologist better known as an OB-GYN. Some things that...
    559 Words | 2 Pages
  • ObGYN - 258 Words
     Honors Principles of Biomedical Science September 29.2013 Obstetrician – Gynecologist Obstetrician/gynecologist (OBGYN) specializes in women health needs, including annual exams, obstetric care during pregnancy, gynecological surgery, infertility treatment, breast care and treatment of osteoporosis. OBGYN’s are two surgical medical specialties that deals with the female reproductive organ, in their pregnant and non-pregnant state. OBGYN...
    258 Words | 1 Page
  • Safe Motherhood - 2847 Words
    Safe Motherhood Initiatives of Barangay Edwards Health Center FMA 1 T’boli’s (Tagabili) and Bilaan (Bla’an – opponent people) are the indigenous people of South Cotabato in Southern Minadano. They are scattered in many municipalities of South Cotabato mainly in Lake Sebu and T’boli. They strive to uphold their traditional ways of living, their values, and distinctive culture as well as health practices even while living in a new society and to compete with modern economic world and try to...
    2,847 Words | 9 Pages
  • Caesarean Section - 3481 Words
    INTRODUCTION Caesarean section as a means of delivering babies has been around for centuries with numerous references to the procedure appearing in ancient writings (Simm & Matthew, 2008). It is now the most common major surgical intervention carried out on women in the world, with between 23% and 30% of deliveries in the United Kingdom by Caesarean Section (Beech, 2004). This rate is all the more surprising when one considers that Caesarean section accounted for just 5.3% of United Kingdom...
    3,481 Words | 12 Pages
  • Yeah - 288 Words
    According to DOH Secretary Enrique Ona, the maternal mortality rate has increased from 162 in 2009 to 221 per 100,000 live births in 2011. He described the latest statistics as “alarming”, noting that maternal health is an important indicator of the government’s performance in improving the health of its citizen (Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2012). Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 which aim to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health by 2015, the Philippines must...
    288 Words | 1 Page
  • Basic Pediatrics Lecture Notes
    PEDIATRICS BASIC TOPICS GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT NUTRITION 1 ! PREVENTIVE MEDICINE ! ADOLESCENCE! NAME: Lecture notes transcribed by: charlene may tingzon Work Street Work City, Work State Work ZIP LOREM IPSUM DAYCARE BASIC PEDIATRICS June 6, 2011 GROWTH change in physical features. Change or increase in physical size of the whole person or any of its parts. DEVELOPMENT! increase in function/skills. learning ability to eat, read and manipulate objects. fine motor skills...
    12,881 Words | 48 Pages
  • Cost-Benefit of Hospitalization Compared with Outpatient Care for Pregnant Women with Pregestational and Gestational Diabetes or with Mild Hyperglycemia, in Brazil
    Original article Cost-benefit of hospitalization compared with outpatient care for pregnant women with pregestational and gestational diabetes or with mild hyperglycemia, in Brazil Custo-benefício da hospitalização comparada ao atendimento ambulatorial em gestantes com diabetes pré-gestacional e gestacional ou com hiperglicemia leve, no Brasil Ana Claudia Molina CavassiniI, Silvana Andréa Molina LimaII, Iracema Mattos Paranhos CalderonIII, Marilza Vieira Cunha RudgeIV Hospital das...
    7,507 Words | 39 Pages
  • Asha - 36462 Words
    Notes for ASHA Trainers Part 1 (Includes Content for Rounds 1 and 2 of ASHA training) Notes for ASHA Trainers (Includes Content for Rounds 1 and 2 of ASHA training) Part 1 ii Notes for ASHA T rainers Acknowledgements The sections on maternal and newborn health in the Notes for the T rainer are excerpted from SEARCH, Gadchiroli’s Manual on ‘How to T rain ASHA in Home-Based Newborn Care’. The training methodology for Integrated Management of Neonatal Childhood Illnesses...
    36,462 Words | 134 Pages
  • Senior Paper - 471 Words
    I am a second level student in Early Childhood Education. Our second level project is the implementation of a grant, Awareness: The Key to Friendships. We will present centers to 3rd grade students at Delmae Elementary School. I have chosen to create my center on Pick & Clip. I have chosen to research Spina Bifida also known as Myelomeningocele as a cause of physical impairments in children. Spina Bifida is a congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are...
    471 Words | 2 Pages
  • Ob Case Study - 2354 Words
    CLINICAL HISTORY I. General Data F.B., 30 years old, G4P2(2012), married, Filipino, Roman Catholic, housewife, born in Don Carlos, Metro Manila, and currently residing in Zone III, Sampaloc, Dasmarinas, Cavite, was admitted for the third time at DLSUMC on April 16, 2013 at around 9:30am. II. Chief Complaints Labor pains and passage of watery vaginal discharge III. Past Medical History The patient has a history of hypertension since 2006. It was diagnosed since her second...
    2,354 Words | 10 Pages
  • WHO Guideline Analysis - 1166 Words
     Who Guideline Analysis In order to do a WHO guideline analysis, one must first understand who the World Health Organization is and what the guidelines are. The World Health Organization consists of 194 member states and provides leadership authority on global health issues within the United Nations. (WHO, 2013) One of their core functions is to develop evidence-informed global guidelines that will help improve the health and well being of the world...
    1,166 Words | 4 Pages
  • Obgyn - 428 Words
    There are many health care professions, but the one that interested me the most is the OB-GYN nurse. OB-GYN nurses work in hospitals or private or public health clinics. In addition to providing care to pregnant women and their babies, these nurses will also provide care to women with hysterectomies, reproductive cancers, hormone disorders and other obstetrical and gynecological health problems. After a patient is admitted, an OB-GYN nurse obtains the patient's health history and asks questions...
    428 Words | 2 Pages
  • apa research paper - 493 Words
     Gestational Diabetes and the Unborn Abstract Gestational diabetes can lead to long immediate and long term health problems in children. Several studies have shown the cause and effect relationship between gestational diabetes and the unborn child. This paper reviews three studies that explore the effect of gestational diabetes of the unborn child. Keywords: birth, child, diabetes, gestational, pregnancy Gestational Diabetes and the Unborn Child Gestational diabetes is a...
    493 Words | 2 Pages

All Obstetrics Essays