Central processing unit Essays & Research Papers

Best Central processing unit Essays

  • Central Processing Unit - 1108 Words
    Shree Bhawani Niketan Institute of Technology & Management, Jaipur CPU (Central Processing Unit) Submitted to- Mr. Manish Gupta By- Amir Khan Date- April 12, 2013 Definition- central processor unit, is the hardware within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of the system Introduction to CPU- * Central processing unit etched on...
    1,108 Words | 5 Pages
  • The Central Processing Unit - 563 Words
    The Central Processing Unit Microprocessors, also called central processing units (CPUs), are frequently described as the "brains" of a computer, because they act as the central control for the processing of data in personal computers (PCs) and other computers. Chipsets perform logic functions in computers based on Intel processors. Motherboards combine Intel microprocessors and chipsets to form the basic subsystem of a PC. Because it's part of every one of your computer's functions, it...
    563 Words | 2 Pages
  • Definition Description of Central Processing Unit
    A Central Processing Unit (CPU) is a chip, containing a microprocessor, at the heart of most every modern computing electronic. A microprocessor is a small integrated circuit or chip, comprised of silicon and transistors, which interprets electrical impulses, performs operations on the electrical impulses, and sends the impulses to another device. The transistors are simple switches that turn on and off, allowing the electrical impulses through when on or ‘open'. Microprocessors are very...
    701 Words | 2 Pages
  • Data Processing - 376 Words
    1. Data Processing- is any process that a computer program does to enter data and, summarize, analyze or otherwise convert data into usable information. The process may be automated and run on a computer. It involves recording, analyzing, sorting, summarizing, calculating, disseminating and storing data. Because data are most useful when well-presented and actually informative, data-processing systems are often referred to as information systems. Nevertheless, the terms are roughly...
    376 Words | 1 Page
  • All Central processing unit Essays

  • Digital Image Processing - 1744 Words
    Digital signal processor [edit] Typical characteristics Digital signal processing algorithms typically require a large number of mathematical operations to be performed quickly and repetitively on a set of data. Signals (perhaps from audio or video sensors) are constantly converted from analog to digital, manipulated digitally, and then converted again to analog form, as diagrammed below. Many DSP applications have constraints on latency; that is, for the system to work, the DSP operation...
    1,744 Words | 5 Pages
  • System Unit - 3218 Words
    Chapter 4 Objectives Differentiate among various styles Differentiate among various styles of system units of system units Identify chips, adapter cards, and other Identify chips, adapter cards, and other components of aamotherboard components of motherboard Describe the components of aaprocessor and how Describe the components of processor and how they complete aamachine cycle they complete machine cycle Identify characteristics of various personal Identify characteristics of various personal...
    3,218 Words | 22 Pages
  • Inside the System Unit - 2819 Words
    Inside the System Unit • System unit: The main case of a computer • A system unit, also known as base unit, is the main body of a desktop computer. – Houses the processing hardware for a computer – Also contains memory, the power supply, cooling fans, and interfaces to connect peripheral devices – Houses the drive bays in which storage devices (hard drives, DVD drives, etc.) are located – With a desktop PC, usually looks like a rectangular box...
    2,819 Words | 10 Pages
  • Overlay Architectures for Fpga-Based Software Packet Processing
    OVERLAY A RCHITECTURES FOR FPGA-BASED S OFTWARE PACKET P ROCESSING by Martin Labrecque A thesis submitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Graduate Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto Copyright c 2011 by Martin Labrecque Abstract Overlay Architectures for FPGA-Based Software Packet Processing Martin Labrecque Doctor of Philosophy Graduate Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of...
    49,608 Words | 183 Pages
  • Machine Organization: Components of the System Unit
    Machine Organization Components of the System Unit The Machine Cycle 1. Retrieve the next instruction from memory (as indicated by the program counter) and then increment the program counter. Execute Fetch 2. Decode the bit pattern in the instruction register. Decode 3. Perform the instruction required by the instruction in the instruction register Basic Organization of Microcomputers CPU CU INPUT OUTPUT REGISTER FILE MEMORY ALU CPU  Central Processing Unit ...
    932 Words | 7 Pages
  • BTEC ICT Unit 2 P1
     Processor speed and type A processor is also known as a CPU which stands for central processing unit, is how a computer/laptop functions and this is like the brain of the computer the better the processor is, the faster a computer works There are many types of processors you can get these include Single core Dual core Triple core Quad core The best processor on sale has the speed of 13.18GHz and the slowest CPU has the speed of 740Khz. The reason why you need to know the speed of...
    944 Words | 4 Pages
  • The needs of input, output, storage communication devices to computer processing cycle
    Introduction Computer is a machine that can be programmed to accept data (input) process it into useful information (output) and stored it away (in a secondary storage device) for safekeeping or later reuse. The processing input to output is directly by the software but performed by the hardware. To function, a computer system requires four main aspect of data handling: Input Processing Output Storage ...
    14,220 Words | 72 Pages
  • 72892 Exemplar Material Units A452 Sam
    Exemplar Work for SAMs Units A452 and A453 © OCR 2012 Unit A452 Practical Investigation Unit Recording Sheet GCSE Computing Controlled Assessment Guidance [6 - 10] [0 - 5] Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations URS665 Devised September 2010 There is evidence of a practical investigation g The evidence supplied is documented clearly and is relevant to the set task There is evidence of individual research beyond y the group g p activity y and any teacher led activity. y The practical...
    5,981 Words | 44 Pages
  • Management Information Systems Unit 3 (Ip)
    Abstract This paper will discuss the local business of Fascinations Beauty Salon, and the internet strategic model to help develop this company. This business will have to have a new strategy that set up for the viable benefits. Fascinations Beauty Salon will need to be equipped in order to benefit from creating a website. This paper will also discuss the functions of the business through the internet website. Management Information Systems Fascinations Beauty Salon has been in...
    835 Words | 3 Pages
  • street light charging - 7855 Words
    ABSTRACT In the project design and development of footsteps based energy for street lights consists of pressure transducer, relay, comparator, battery, Real Time Clock(RTC), micro controller, street light. The main aim of this project is to generate the energy through the pressure generated by footsteps.This micro controller setup is placed at foot path when a person walking along the foot path the footsteps of the person generates some pressure and that pressure generated by the person is...
    7,855 Words | 26 Pages
  • Quiz Comp Archi - 438 Words
    Student Name: Date: Course (CEN 951): Computer Architecture Book: <>, 2013 1) What are the definitions of the bite, byte and word in the computer terminology? 2) Please give the decimal equivalence of the following binary bits? 1100010 1111011 0011011 0000111 3) Describe one way to represent a signed number (positive and negative floating number). 4) Please describe how the clock works in the digital circuit and what are...
    438 Words | 3 Pages
  • Major Components of Operating System
    Chapter 1 BASIC ELEMENTS At a top level, a computer consists of processor, memory, and I/O components, with one or more modules of each type. These components are interconnected in some fashion to achieve the main function of the computer, which is to execute programs. Thus, there are four main structural elements: • Processor: Controls the operation of the computer and performs its data processing functions. When there is only one processor, it is often referred to as the central processing...
    5,855 Words | 16 Pages
  • processor essay - 1265 Words
     Every PC has a Central Processing Unit (CPU) this acts as the brain of your system. It connects to the Motherboard and works alongside the other components processing many instructions at the same time between the different hardware and memory systems. Advancements in CPU technology now mean systems typically come with Dual Core, Triple core or Quad Core processors (on one single chip) instead of the traditional one core per chip. Now the total number of Cores can slot into a socket as...
    1,265 Words | 4 Pages
  • Implementation of Risc Processor in Fpga Using Verilog
    1. INTRODUCTION Reduced instruction-set computers (RISC) are designed to have a small set of instructions that execute in short clock cycles, with a small number of cycles per instruction. RISC machines are optimized to achieve efficient pipelining of their instruction streams. The machine also serves as a starting point for developing architectural variants and a more robust instruction set Designers make high-level tradeoffs in selecting an architecture that serves an...
    1,287 Words | 7 Pages
  • Ug998 Vivado Intro Fpga Design Hls
    Introduction to FPGA Design with Vivado High-Level Synthesis UG998 (v1.0) July 2, 2013 Notice of Disclaimer The information disclosed to you hereunder (the “Materials”) is provided solely for the selection and use of Xilinx products. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law: (1) Materials are made available "AS IS" and with all faults, Xilinx hereby DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,...
    25,156 Words | 151 Pages
  • SD1230 Lab 1 - 239 Words
    Task 1: 1. What happens to the volatile memory when the power is lost? –RAM is deleted 2. What are the possible values for a bit? –States 1 or 0 Task 2: 1. What is the highest number that can be stored in a byte? – 8 bytes as 11111111 or 255 in decimal. 2. 0x12 is an example of what type of number? – Hexadecimal Task 3: 5. 11001000 6. Binary 8. C8 9. 0xC8 12. 7 13. 01100100 14. 0110 0100 16. 7 17. 110 18. 0110 19. First set of nibble is equivalent to the binary of 7 Task 4: 1. What is an...
    239 Words | 2 Pages
  • Fetch Execute Cycle - 272 Words
    Fetch Execute Cycle Submitted by: Anna Mazhar 10 C Red Steps of Fetch Execute Cycle • • Fetch – The next instruction must be located, moved across at least one system bus to the processor Execute – The instruction must be carried out, this often requires information be moved around in one or more registers and system memory. Registers • • • • Program Counter (PC) – The location of the next instruction. Memory Access Register (MAR) Current Instruction Register (CIR) or (IR) – The current...
    272 Words | 3 Pages
  • A Tour of the Pentium Pro Processor Microarchitecture
    A Tour of the Pentium Pro Processor Microarchitecture Introduction One of the Pentium Pro processor's primary goals was to significannot ly exceed the performance of the 100MHz Pentium processor while being manufactured on the same semiconductor process. Using the same process as a volume production processor practically assured that the Pentium Pro processor would be manufacturable, but it meant that Intel had to focus on an improved microarchitecture for ALL of the performance gains. This...
    2,766 Words | 9 Pages
  • Paper - 3060 Words
    The History of Intel Processor The Intel processor went thru a rapid evolution beginning in the early seventies. Intel founders Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce invented the microprocessor in 1971. Microprocessors were created to handle large amounts of data at the microscopic level while microcontrollers were computers on chips made to control real time events. Intel shifted its focus to microprocessors in the early 1980s. Since then, it has maintained its image as maker of the world's fastest...
    3,060 Words | 11 Pages
  • The Problems, Prospects and Opportunities of E-Commerce in Bangladesh.
    Chapter - 1 1) Briefly explain the evolution of microprocessor based on IC fabrication technology clock frequency & instruction cycle. 2) Explain Moore’s law. 3) What do you understand by instruction set? 4) Define following key wordy respective to digital system design. (a) Synthesis (b) Specification (c) Analysis (d) Implementation 5) What is dynamic static instruction briefly explain. 6) Define processor performance. 7) How can you estimate processor...
    2,982 Words | 19 Pages
  • Accident Report - 304 Words
    CRESCENT COMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRIES Accident Report A. Details of employee (s) Name : Miss Lim Hoey Chun Sex : Female Race : Chinese Age : 25 years Department Attached : IT (Information Technology) Department Designation : Junior Technician Length of time...
    304 Words | 3 Pages
  • Os by William Stalling 6/E
    M01_STAL6329_06_SE_C01.QXD 2/13/08 1:48 PM Page 6 PART ONE Background P art One provides a background and context for the remainder of this book. This part presents the fundamental concepts of computer architecture and operating system internals. ROAD MAP FOR PART ONE Chapter 1 Computer System Overview An operating system mediates among application programs, utilities, and users, on the one hand, and the computer system hardware on the other. To appreciate the...
    238,147 Words | 949 Pages
  • PSoC Book - 11902 Words
    Chapter 1: Introduction to PSoC | Architecture and Programming of PSoC, free 1 of 22 file:///D:/PSoC/Material/PSoC%20Chapter/chapter1(PSoC).htm ← Previouos chapter | Table of Contents | Next chapter → Chapter 1: Introduction to PSoC From the free online book “Architecture and Programming of PSoC Microcontrollers” Introduction 1.1 System Overview 1.2 CPU 1.3 Frequency generator 1.4 Microcontroller power consumption 1.5 Reset 1.6 Digital inputs and outputs 1.7 Analog inputs and outputs 1.8...
    11,902 Words | 51 Pages
  • Parts of Computer - 1604 Words
     Submitted By: Casamina, John Patrick B. Submitted to: Aris Pulumbarit Section: 101ED Concept of a Computer System The Computer System Concept. A computer is more than a high-powered collection of electronic devices performing a variety of information processing chores. A computer is a system, an interrelated combination of components that performs the basic system functions of input,...
    1,604 Words | 0 Page
  • Topic - 1273 Words
    Course Group & Folder EE2323:Microprocessors & Computer Architecture Spring 2013 • Course Yahoo Group – http://groups.yahoo.com/group/maju_ee2323/ • Course Folder – \\dataserver\jinnah$\M Tahir\EE2323 Microprocessor Lecture 2 February 22, 2013 2/23/2013 2 Microprocessor based System • A Microprocessor-based systems consists of central processing unit (CPU), memories, I/O Devices and other peripherals. • CPU takes input from I/O devices such as keyboards CPU processes data in...
    1,273 Words | 7 Pages
  • Four Basic Computer Elements
    element In generally used computers one can find that there are four basic computer elements following are the elements. (1) ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit): The ALU is the digital circuit that is able to perform different types of functions, such as Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication etc. (2) Control Unit: The control unit is the part of CPU (central processing unit) or other devices that performs the duty to direct its operations, the control unit is just like a finite state...
    264 Words | 1 Page
  • computer evolution - 386 Words
    Throughout the last 25 years, computers have evolved from being low speed simple machines to high speed behemoths while still remaining affordable. This quantum leap in their performance was made possible by integration of new technology, some of which was made possible through the use of computers themselves. The computers have evolved considerably from being basic set of components made up of Integrated Circuits (ICs) to have a much complex architecture involving microprocessors with...
    386 Words | 2 Pages
  • The Little Man Computer - 752 Words
    The Little Man Computer The Little Man Computer (LMC) created by Dr. Stuart Madnick in 1965 was designed as an instructional model of a computer. The LMC models a simple Von Neumann computer architecture used primarily to teach students. The LMC contains all the components of a computer CPU, memory, and input output capability. The LMC system architecture uses basic design elements to help illustrate the basic concepts of processing input and output. The basic architecture is comprised of...
    752 Words | 3 Pages
  • Arm920T - 19584 Words
    ARM920T (Rev 1) Technical Reference Manual Copyright © 2000, 2001 ARM Limited. All rights reserved. ARM DDI 0151C ARM920T Technical Reference Manual Copyright © 2000, 2001 ARM Limited. All rights reserved. Release Information Change history Date 31st January 2000 5th September 2000 18th April 2001 Issue A B C Change First release Second release Third release Proprietary Notice Words and logos marked with ® or ™ are registered trademarks or trademarks owned by ARM Limited, except...
    19,584 Words | 88 Pages
  • Co Study Materials - 2583 Words
    Introduction & MIPS http://handoutsuite.googlepages.com 0. Things you’ll be learning – – a basic foundation about how computers work how to analyze their performance 1. What is Computer Organization? • Coordination of many levels of abstraction • Under a rapidly changing set of forces • Design, Measurement, and Evaluation Why learn this stuff? – – – to learn the inner parts and working of a computer you want to build better software you need to make a purchasing decision or offer...
    2,583 Words | 26 Pages
  • Exploring Motherboards and Data Buses
     Exploring Motherboards and Busses Robert Henson 10/7/2014 NT111OM short answer module three Prof. Kenneth Cambre Data buses, carry information from the motherboard to the computer. RAM random access memory, CPU computer processing unit, memory card holds files, video and audio cards for game play and simply seeing what’s on the computer. All are common components on a motherboard. Motherboards can only be upgraded so much, once it as reached it input...
    218 Words | 1 Page
  • Study of Duopoly Between Intel and Amd
    Microeconomics Group Project “AMD Inside” Study of Duopoly in microprocessor market ( Submitted On 15-Mar-2012 ) Submitted By: Mayank Agrawal (PGPM811_55) Snigdha Tripathy (PGPM811_93) Contents 1. Background 3 2. Purpose 3 3. Scope 3 4. What is duopoly? 3 5. The microprocessor market 4 5.1 Which is better: Intel or AMD? 4 6. How it all began – A brief history 5 7. Cournot’s Model as applied to Intel and AMD. 5 8. Revenues 10...
    3,969 Words | 16 Pages
  • Core I7 - 602 Words
    Core i3: | Core i5: | Core i7: | Entry level processor. | Mid range processor. | High end processor. | 2-4 Cores | 2-4 Cores | 4 Cores | 4 Threads | 4 Threads | 8 Threads | Hyper-Threading (efficient use of processor resources) | Turbo Mode (turn off core if not used) | Turbo Mode (turn off core if not used) | 3-4 MB Cache | Hyper-Threading (efficient use of processor resources) | Hyper-Threading (efficient use of processor resources) | 32 nm Silicon (less heat and energy) | 3-8 MB...
    602 Words | 2 Pages
  • Cherry Mobile - 858 Words
    Cherry Mobile Flame Specifications Dual SIM / Dual Standby 4.5-inch qHD (960x540) IPS capacitive display 245ppi, 16.8M colors with 5-point multi-touch feature 1.2GHz dual-core Qualcomm MSM8225 Snapdragon S4 Processor Qualcomm MSM8625 Snapdragon S4, according to AnTuTu Benchmark v3.0.3 Android 4.0.4 Ice Cream Sandwich Adreno 203 GPU 512MB of RAM 4GB of internal storage microSD slot up to 32GB 5MP autofocus camera with LED flash 720p@15fps HD video recording VGA (0.3MP)...
    858 Words | 4 Pages
    7/15/2013 CHAPTER 2 MICROCONTROLLER ARCHITECTURE & ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING PIC Microcontrollers – History • Peripheral Interface Controller (PIC) was originally designed by General Instruments (GI), to be used with the new CPU, CP1600. • While generally a good CPU, the CP1600 had poor I/O performance. • In the late 1970s, GI introduced PIC® 1650 and 1655 – RISC with 30 instructions, to improve performance of the overall system. • General Instrument recognized the potential...
    1,009 Words | 15 Pages
  • None - 885 Words
    THE HONG KONG POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY Department of Electronic and Information Engineering EIE 414 Computer Architecture and Systems Project 2 Due day: 18 December, 2012 Late penalty: 50 % A. Goal The objective of this laboratory session is to familiarize with the VSIM Superscalar Simulator. This simulator allows program simulation on several superscalar central processing units, such as, Digital Alpha 21264, HP-PA8500, IBM Power3, Intel Pentium Pro/II/III and MIPS R10000. Basic usage...
    885 Words | 4 Pages
  • Jikjk - 937 Words
    Midterm 2 Report • Highest: 100 • Lowest: 45 • Average: 83 1 Chapter 7 Input/Output Input/Output Problems • Wide variety of peripherals – Delivering different amounts of data – At different speeds – In different formats • Slower than CPU and RAM • Need I/O modules Input/Output Module Input/Output Module • Interface to CPU and Memory • Interface to one or more peripherals Generic Model of I/O Module I/O Module Function • • • • • Control & Timing...
    937 Words | 8 Pages
  • Programmer's Model of 8086 - 567 Words
    2.3 Programmer’s Model of 8086 * The true programmer's model of any processor shows its internal registers, number of address lines, number of data lines, memory map & port addresses which we need to write programs. * However, memory map & port addresses are depend on the system configuration. * So usually internal registers, number of address lines & number of data lines are shown in the programmer's model of the processor. * The basic programming model consists of...
    567 Words | 3 Pages
  • Implications of Moore’s Law - 950 Words
    Technological change is a combination of more and of better technology. A recent study in the journal Science shows that the peak of the rate of change of the world's capacity to compute information was in the year 1998, when the world's technological capacity to compute information on general-purpose computers grew at 88% per year.[68] [edit] Transistor count versus computing performance The exponential processor transistor growth predicted by Moore does not always translate into...
    950 Words | 3 Pages
  • Very Long Instruction Word Architecture
    Term Paper Course code :CSE 211 Course title: Computer Organisation and Architecture Submitted to: Ramanpreet Kaur Lamba Madam Submitted by: K. Nabachandra Singha Very-Long Instruction Word (VLIW) Computer Architecture ABSTRACT VLIW architectures are distinct from traditional RISC and CISC architectures implemented in current mass-market microprocessors. It is important to distinguish instruction-set architecture—the processor...
    3,946 Words | 15 Pages
  • CPU function - 584 Words
    Andrew West10/24/14 NT1110 HK 5 Purposes, Functions, and Characteristics of a CPU Although most tech-savvy people know that the Central Processing Unit is one of the components in the computer, but not many people understand what a CPU actually does. Infact most people would not even know what CPU stands for, if you asked them today. The CPU, or microprocessor, stands for Central Processing Unit. It is a very suitable name because it describes exactly what it does in the computer. The CPU...
    584 Words | 2 Pages
  • BSCS - 942 Words
    Research on the HCS12 microcontroller 1. Provide a picture of the HCS12 / Dragon board. 2. What microcontroller family does the HCS12 belong to? The 68HC12 (6812 or HC12 for short) is a microcontroller family from Freescale Semiconductor. Originally introduced in the mid-1990s, the architecture is an enhancement of the Freescale 68HC11. Programs written for the HC11 are usually compatible with the HC12, which has a few extrainstructions. The first 68HC12 derivatives had a maximum...
    942 Words | 5 Pages
     TERM PAPER: IBM SUPERCOMPUTER, WATSON IBM Supercomputer, Watson Watson uses two thousand eight hundred and eighty processor cores to perform its calculations. This is made possible by the use of ninety IBM Power 750 Express servers which contain eight quad core processors. So each server contains thirty two processor cores and there are ninety servers to combine to make the two thousand eight hundred and eighty processor cores that make up...
    2,209 Words | 6 Pages
  • Computer System - 18551 Words
    M.Mo附 Mano " Preface deals wilh comp创 ter architectu陀 as well as compuler organ田嗣m Computer architectu擅自由 ncemed wit h Ihe structure and behav. ior of the various funct阳 nal mod ules of the rompu ler and how they inleract 10 pro明白 the pr世essing needs of the user. Co mputer organizalion is con cemed with the way the hardware com阳 ncnt$ ð re ∞ nnected together to form a rompuler system. Computer d四 gn is concemed wil:h the de四'lopment 01 thehardwarefor the ∞mpu ter taking into...
    18,551 Words | 82 Pages
  • 8051: Intel Microcontroller - 8949 Words
    Dr. Y. Narasimha Murthy.Ph.D yayavaram@yahoo.com INTEL 8051 MICRCONTROLLER Introduction : A decade back the process and control operations were totally implemented by the Microprocessors only. But now a days the situation is totally changed and it is occupied by the new devices called Microcontroller. The development is so drastic that we can’t find any electronic gadget...
    8,949 Words | 38 Pages
  • Cnit 176 Final Exam
    Final Exam – CNIT 17600 – Summer 2011 Name: _______________________________ Multiple Choice (1 point each) 1. Which of the following is the technological advancement(s) that allowed the 4th generation of computing to begin? a. Vacuum Tubes & Alternating Current Power Systems b. Transistors & Alternating Current Power Systems c. Transistors & Direct Current Power Systems d. Integrated Circuits & VLSI e. None of the Above 2. In the model of modern computing systems, applications that end...
    2,381 Words | 16 Pages
  • Ddasd - 908 Words
    1.state the function of STACK POINTER (SP) REGISTER 2.explain the function of XTHL instruction with one example 3.identify the addesresing mode of the instruction SHLD 9000H 4.if the clock period of 8085 is 0.2 µs calculate the time required to execute I) RAR II) INX D III) DCX H IV) CALL 2070 V) RET VI) PUSH VII) POP VIII) JNZ BACK 5.Give single instruction to deviode the even number in a (accumulator) register by 2. 6.what is the content of carry flag...
    908 Words | 4 Pages
  • Current Trends in Computer Architecture
    PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF INTEL CORE 2 DUO PROCESSOR A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Electrical Engineering In The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering By Tribuvan Kumar Prakash Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics and Communication Engineering Visveswaraiah Technological University, Karnataka, 2004. August 2007...
    12,626 Words | 59 Pages
  • Data Types - 951 Words
    Dynamic Dependency Analysis of Ordinary Programs 1 Todd M. Austin and Gurindar S. Sohi Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison 1210 W. Dayton Street Madison, WI 53706 faustin sohig@cs.wisc.edu A quantitative analysis of program execution is essential to the computer architecture design process. With the current trend in architecture of enhancing the performance of uniprocessors by exploiting ne-grain parallelism, rst-order metrics of program execution, such as operation...
    951 Words | 4 Pages
  • 8051 Microcontroller - 728 Words
    Intel’s 8051 Micro controller Basics What are Micro controller's ? Why the name Micro controller ? Basically used for control actions.It is used to control the operation of machine using fixed program that is stored in ROM/EPROM and that does not change over the life time. What is MCS 51 ? Why to study 8051 ? August 28, 2008 Y.H.Dandawate 2 August 28, 2008 Y.H.Dandawate 3 Features of 8051 8 bit ALU. 16 bit PC and DPTR. 8 bit stack pointer and 8 bit PSW. 4K internal ROM 128 bytes of...
    728 Words | 11 Pages
  • Computer Architecture - 483 Words
    Computer architecture or digital computer organization is the conceptual design and fundamental operational structure of a computer system. It's a blueprint and functional description of requirements and design implementations for the various parts of a computer, focusing largely on the way by which the central processing unit (CPU) performs internally and accesses addresses in memory. It may also be defined as the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create...
    483 Words | 2 Pages
  • paging implimentation project - 3502 Words
    Background The basic function performed by a computer is execution of a program, which consists of a set of instructions stored in memory. The processor does the actual work by executing instructions specified in the program. In its simplest form, instruction processing consists of two steps The processor reads (fetches) instructions from memory one at a time and executes each instruction. Program execution consists of repeating the process of instruction fetch and instruction execution The...
    3,502 Words | 10 Pages
  • Instruction Cycle - 1910 Words
    Table of Contents Basic Computing Systems Organization…………………………………………………………………3 Instruction Cycle…………………………………………………………………………………………..3 The Fetch-Decode-Execute Cycle……..………………………........…………………………………….4 Fetch Cycle………………………………………………………………………...………………………5 Decode Cycle………………………………………………………………………………………………6 Execute Cycle……………………………………………………………………………………..….……7 System Buses……………………………………………………………………………………….…..….8 Registers……………………………………………………………………………………………...……9...
    1,910 Words | 9 Pages
  • Ece 585 Project 2 Spring 13 Ver1 Simulation of Cpu, Cache, Bus, and Memory Datapath
    ECE 585 Project 2 Spring 13 ver1 Simulation of CPU, Cache, Bus, and Memory Datapath 1. INTRODUCTION Project 2 is due Thurs Apr 11 EOD. You may work as groups of up to two. Submit your report to the Project 2 folder in the Electronic Black Board for the course. NO OTHE FORM OF SUBMISSION OR LATE SUBMISSIONS WILL BE ACCEPTED. In this project, you will simulate a CPU, cache, bus, and memory complex for a set of instructions with emphasis on the cache operation. The overall block diagram is shown...
    1,082 Words | 4 Pages
  • Detail the Development in Multi Core Architecture of Intel Machines
    Detail the Development in Multi Core Architecture of Intel Machines Ravneet Kaur M.Sc (cs), M.Tech(CSE) ABSTRACT This paper explains the architecture development and challenges of multi-core processing, plus provides a glimpse into the upcoming Intel quad-core processors and the direction in which Intel is taking multi-core processors to the future. We discuss many of the benefits you will see as we continue to increase processor performance, energy efficiency, and capabilities....
    2,229 Words | 8 Pages
  • Ecte333 L1 - 1526 Words
    1 2 Introductions ECTE333 Microcontroller Architecture & Apps Dr Montse Ros • Welcome to ECTE333! • Your lecturers this year are: – Dr. Montse Ros (Autumn) – Dr. Lam Phung (Spring) g ( p g) • Make sure you receive your handout: – Student Planner – Reference Book List (on the back) 3 4 What will I learn? • General Computer Organisation • Assorted Microcontroller architecture and interfacing topics • Hardware and Software for the Atmel AVR microcontroller i t ll •...
    1,526 Words | 10 Pages
  • Computer Architecture - 810 Words
    Computer Organization & Architecture Lecture #12 Organization and Architecture Computer Architecture Those attributes of the system that are visible to a programmer. Those attributes that have a direct impact on the execution of a program. • • • • Instruction sets Data representation – number of bits used to represent data Input/Output mechanisms Memory addressing techniques Computer Organization The operational units and their interconnections that realize the architectural specifications....
    810 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operating System Concept - 999 Words
    Operating System | Assignment #1 | | Information System | 2012-03-29 | | 1. What is the purpose of interrupts? What are the differences between a trap and an interrupt? Can traps be generated intentionally by a user program? If so, for what purpose? (Chapter 1) Interrupt is that causes a computer processor to temporarily stop executing its current program and execute another program instead, finally returning control to the original program. So it prevent that more important...
    999 Words | 4 Pages
  • Very Good - 605 Words
    Computer Architecture and Assembly Language – Midterm 2011 1. In instruction ADC the operands can be o Two register only o Two register and one memory location o CF and two other operands o ZF and two other operands 2. After the execution of instruction “RET” o SP is incremented by 2 o SP is decremented by 2 o SP is incremented by 1 o SP is decremented by 1 3. The extended ASCII has o 64 characters o 128 characters o 256 characters o 502 characters 4. The second byte in...
    605 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hand Glove Mouse - 4746 Words
    HAND GLOVE MOUSE here we designed and built a wireless computer pointing device with accelerometer based movement control. Our implementation allows the user to wear a set of hardware (a glove and connected armband) and control a cursor through different hand orientations and finger presses. Users can operate their computers with their hands in midair without the hassle of desks surfaces or wires. The motivation for this project was to create an intuitive glove-based pointing device for...
    4,746 Words | 18 Pages
  • Microprocessor - 520 Words
    Questions that may be important for you!!!! 1. Draw the functional block diagram of SAP-I architecture and also discuss the main difference with SAP-II. 2. Write a program in SAP-1 using the mnemonics that will display the result of 4+5-2. Use addresses AH, BH and FH for data. 3. Briefly describe instruction set. Also discuss the use of bi-directional registers 4. Briefly describe the functions of various registers in SAP-1 architecture 5. Suppose we want to transfer the data from memory...
    520 Words | 2 Pages
  • Computer Organization - 1669 Words
    Computer Organization with Assembly Language Digital Computer: A digital computer is a fast electronic calculating machine that accepts digitized input information, processes it according to a list of internally stored instructions, and produces the resulting output information. Types of Computers: 1. Personal Computers 2. Workstations 3. Mainframes 4. Supercomputers Basic Operation of a Computer 1. The computer accepts information in the form of programs and data through...
    1,669 Words | 12 Pages
  • Risc Sisc - 1304 Words
    RISC and CISC What is RISC RISC, or Reduced Instruction Set Computer. is a type of microprocessor architecture that utilizes a small, highlyoptimized set of instructions, rather than a more specialized set of instructions often found in other types of architectures. Every instruction in a single clock after fetch and decode. Smaller, less energy consumption. Sun Sparc, IBM Power series both have RISC RISC allows branch prediction and Pipelining because they require fixed length...
    1,304 Words | 8 Pages
  • Bit Slicing - 571 Words
    Bit slicing Bit slicing is a technique for constructing a processor from modules of smaller bit width. Each of these components processes one bit field or "slice" of an operand. The grouped processing components would then have the capability to process the chosen full word-length of a particular software design. Bit slice processors usually consist of an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) of 1, 2, 4 or 8 bits and control lines (including carry or overflow signals that are internal to the processor in...
    571 Words | 2 Pages
  • Build Your Own Computer
    buying |Student: |Dennis W. Haupt | |Course: |CT-101 | |Assignment: |Portfolio Project | |Student ID: |682442...
    780 Words | 4 Pages
  • Svat - 1391 Words
    Technology FSIT Technology Fundamentals Fundamentals ICT Academy of Tamil Nadu An Initiative of Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu and CII Introduction to Computer Systems and System Software ICT Academy of Tamil Nadu An Initiative of Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu and CII Basics of Computers ICT Academy of Tamil Nadu An Initiative of Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu and CII The purpose of learning this session is to get...
    1,391 Words | 14 Pages
  • Computer Organization - 2687 Words
    COURSE OUTLINE Computer Organization _______________________________________________________________ Objectives: To introduce the following subjects: Organization of digital computers Different components Basic principles and operations. Textbook: Stallings W., Computer Organization and Architecture: Designing for Performance, (9-th Edition) Prentice Hall, 2012. References: Stallings W., Computer Organization and Architecture:...
    2,687 Words | 15 Pages
  • cao question bank - 1623 Words
    1,623 Words | 9 Pages
  • Ththhd Dffj Fnejf Fjefe F Efifme
    QUESTION 1: Convert 111001101110112 to Hexadecimal They are 14 digits altogether, Grouping them into four's we have: 00112 / 10012 / 10112 / 10112 Table: A-1010, B-1011, C-1100, D-1101, E-1110, F-1111 00112 --- 3 (Conversion to Hex) 10012 --- 9 (Conversion to Hex) 111001101110112 = 3 9 B B h Conversion of the above: 11100110111011 Conversion to Base 10 1*2 13 + 1*2 12 + 1*2 11+ 0*2 10 + 0*2 9+ 1*2 8+ 1*2 7+ 0*2 6+ 1*2 5+ 1*2 4+ 1*2 3+ 0*2 2+ 1*2 1 +...
    1,020 Words | 5 Pages
  • Crusoe Processor - 7773 Words
    1. INTRODUCTION Mobile computing has been the buzzword for quite a long time. Mobile computing devices like laptops, webslates & notebook PCs are becoming common nowadays. The heart of every PC whether a desktop or mobile PC is the microprocessor. Several microprocessors are available in the market for desktop PCs from companies like Intel, AMD, Cyrix etc.The mobile computing market has never had a microprocessor specifically designed for it. The microprocessors used in mobile PCs are...
    7,773 Words | 28 Pages
  • Credit Appraisal - 362 Words
    Reg. No. : Question Paper Code : 66167 B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2011. 2 Sixth Semester Computer Science and Engineering 11 CS 2354 — ADVANCED COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE (Regulation 2008) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer ALL questions. 2 PART A — (10 × 2 = 20 marks) What is instruction level parallelism? 2. What are the advantages of loop unrolling? 3. What are the limitations of VLIW? 4. What is the use of...
    362 Words | 7 Pages
  • Intel vs Amd - 3223 Words
    A Research on the Legacy of Intel and AMD Microprocessors From the introduction of the counting frame, or more popularly known as the abacus1, it was realized that the creation of a tool that is able assist in mathematical calculations will greatly increase productivity and efficiency needs of man2. The use of abaci continued for numerous centuries up to the years when early calculators made use of hole-placements in a dial to signify a count—similar to that of a rotary dial telephone3. As...
    3,223 Words | 10 Pages
  • Computer Architecture Notes - 2114 Words
    Chapter 1: Fundamental of Computer Design Rung-Bin Lin 1-1 Definition • Computer Architecture deals with Structure and behaviour of computer including the information formats, the instruction sets and various techniques used for memory addressing. • Can be defined as  functional operation of individual hardware units, the flow of information between them and conrol of these functions coherently and smoothly Chapter 1: Fundamental of Computer Design Rung-Bin Lin 1-2...
    2,114 Words | 16 Pages
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Ii
    * * * * Ideas happen to everyone. Make more of your ideas. * Perfect viewing experience on-the-go * Easy tasking in one view * Simply amazing expression tools * Power performance at its best The perfect viewing experience Large 5.5“ HD Super AMOLED display (+ 16 : 9 cinema-like viewing ) GALAXY Note II’s 5.5” HD Super AMOLED screen offers better clarity and a 16:9 screen ratio – perfecting all viewing experiences. The innovative design of the GALAXY Note...
    290 Words | 2 Pages
  • 8085 - 2083 Words
    1. Functional block diagram of Intel® 8080/8085 microprocessor with explanation. 2.Flags register of Intel® 8080/8085 microprocessor with explanation of condition flags. The 8085 includes five flip-flops, also called flags, which are set or reset after an operation according to data conditions of the result in the accumulator and other registers. They are called Zero (Z); carry (CY), Sign(S), Parity (P) and Auxiliary Carry (AC) flags. And the most commonly used flags are Zero, Carry,...
    2,083 Words | 8 Pages
  • Risc & Pipelining - 2586 Words
    What is RISC Architecture? * RISC stands for Reduced Instruction Set Computer. * An Instruction set is a set of instructions that helps the user to construct machine language programs to do computable tasks. History * In early days, the mainframes consumed a lot of resources for operations * Due to this, in 1980 David Paterson, University of Berkeley introduced the RISC concept. * This included fewer instructions with simple constructs which had faster execution, and...
    2,586 Words | 10 Pages
  • Output Devices - 1035 Words
    Central Processing Units Once data have been captured, they usually must be processed to be valuable to decision makers and these processing tasks are performed by the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer system. A central processing unit (CPU), also referred to as a central processor unit, is the hardware within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of the system. In the computer...
    1,035 Words | 4 Pages
  • Overclocking a Processor - 2174 Words
    Overclocking a processor What is overclocking? It is a procedure of increasing your PCs performance by increasing your CPUs/RAMs/Southbridge’s/Northbridge’s/GPUs clock and multiplier (only CPU and RAM) and voltage. In this text I am gonna explain you how can you overclock your CPU and RAM. About others I will maybe explain you some other time. Why would anyone want to overclock (OC) a processor? Because it increases computers performance. But it also increases CPU-s temperature, so it needs a...
    2,174 Words | 5 Pages
  • Task 2 Effects Of Ict On Society
    Effects of ICT on Society Questions: 1. Computer usage within businesses has increased massively over the last 30 years. a. Describe three benefits that ICT can bring to businesses: b. State three effects that ICT has had upon employment patterns: c. State three types of jobs that ICT has created: d. State three types of jobs that have been lost due to ICT: e. State two jobs that have changed their nature due to the introduction of ICT: f. The increase in high-speed...
    307 Words | 2 Pages
  • Computer Systems - 215921 Words
    Computer Systems A Programmer’s Perspective This page intentionally left blank Computer Systems A Programmer’s Perspective Randal E. Bryant Carnegie Mellon University David R. O’Hallaron Carnegie Mellon University and Intel Labs Prentice Hall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial...
    215,921 Words | 820 Pages
  • PRACTICUM REPORT - 4401 Words
    We are looking for Highly Driven and Goal-Oriented people to be part of our legitimate Online-Offline business with SERIOUS income potential in DOLLARS.Work Part-time or Full-time at the comfort of your Home or during your Free Time. Interested individuals must set an appointment with us. For those interested you may send your reservations at 0917 8976744 with this format: Name/Age/ Occupation/Location/Number of Attendees/Schedule. FOR SALE! RUSH!!!! Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 8.0 Original, 2-3...
    4,401 Words | 35 Pages
  • Computer in Technology - 903 Words
    PLS 21 Study online at quizlet.com/_9a303 1. 2 image categories Absolute Addressing Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) Autosum Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) Basic procedures of scripts Blender boot loader Rastor and Vector specific cell with specific data example: $A$1 carries out arithmetical and logical functions found in home and formula ribbon operates peripheral devices 25. 26. Hardcut Horizontal Application how many bits in a byte Hyper-threading Hypertext markup language...
    903 Words | 7 Pages
  • Computer Organisation - 55794 Words
    UNIT - I BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS FUNCTIONAL UNITS A computer consists of five functionally independent main parts. They are, ➢ Input ➢ Memory ➢ Arithmetic and logic ➢ Output ➢ Control unit Basic functional units of a computer [pic] The operation of a computer can be summarized as follows The computer accepts programs and the data through an input and stores them in the memory.The stored...
    55,794 Words | 194 Pages
  • Boon or Bane - 928 Words
    INPLANT TRAINING REPORT INTRODUCTION This training has a main objective of giving an oral concept of “How a industry gives world class products with high quality and customer satisfaction “. This training also implements the basic effort beyond the assembling, processing and delivering efficiently by human power rather than using machineries. This training also involves how such industries provide such promising products rather than any other industries around the globe at low cost....
    928 Words | 4 Pages
  • Blah Blah - 1031 Words
     Characteristics of Information • Accurate -Accurate information is error free. In some cases, inaccurate information is generated because inaccurate data is fed into the transformation process. (This is commonly called garbage in, garbage out [GIGO].) • Reliable -Reliable information can be depended on. In many cases, the reliability of the information depends on the reliability of the data-collection method. In other instances, reliability depends on the source of the information. A...
    1,031 Words | 5 Pages
  • Gantry Cranes: Technical Details
    TABLE OF CONTENT 1. Introduction 2. Block diagram 3. Component list 4. Technical description • MAX232 • Data sheet Atmega • L293d Motor Driver • Com-Port(Serial communication) • Relay • Resistors • Connecting Wires Gantry crane Introduction Both overhead travelling cranes and gantry cranes are types of crane which lift objects by a hoist which is fitted in a trolley and can move horizontally on a rail or pair of...
    11,400 Words | 47 Pages
  • ammm - 2445 Words
    Multi-core architectures Jac Single-core computer 2 Single-core CPU chip the single core 3 Multi-core architectures • This lecture is about a new trend in computer architecture: Replicate multiple processor cores on a single die. Core 1 Multi-core CPU chip Core 2 Core 3 Core 4 4 Multi-core CPU chip • The cores fit on a single processor socket • Also called CMP (Chip Multi-Processor) c o r e c o r e c o r e c o r e 1 2 3...
    2,445 Words | 41 Pages
  • 04 Utilization - 353 Words
    One Processor, one job type Utilization Analysis  Utilization (u) = fraction of time a resource is busy.  Calculate u for each resource as shown on following slides.  In a network (i.e., system) where jobs flow through multiple resources, the one with the highest u is the “bottleneck.”  Utilization must be kept below 1 (i.e., 100%), and as we will see later, if there is variability then u may need to even be kept significantly below 100%.  The system capacity is the job flow rate R that...
    353 Words | 5 Pages
  • Fundamental of Computer Organization - 97856 Words
    FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE Mostafa Abd-El-Barr King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) Hesham El-Rewini Southern Methodist University A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC PUBLICATION FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE WILEY SERIES ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING SERIES EDITOR: Albert Y. Zomaya Parallel & Distributed Simulation Systems / Richard Fujimoto Surviving the Design of Microprocessor and Multimicroprocessor...
    97,856 Words | 330 Pages
  • Job Scheduling - 1099 Words
    i JOB SCHEDULING IN NON-MULTIPROGRAMMING ENVIRONMENT Average turn around time computation T=n=0nTix 1n Where: Ti= Fi- Ai * Fi= Finish Time * Ai= Arrival Time * n = no. of jobs Fi= ST+ RT * ST= Start Time * RT= Run Time WTAT= TATACTUAL RUNTIME * WTAT= Weighted turn around time * TAT= Fi- Ai EXAMPLE # 1: FIFO JOB | ARRIVAL TIME | RUN TIME | 1 | 10.00 | 2.00 | 2 | 10.10 |...
    1,099 Words | 6 Pages
  • Mpmc on 8086 - 2455 Words
    8086 Architecture • Architecture of 8086 microprocessor (8086 Internal Block Diagram) • Register organization • Special functions of General Purpose Registers • Memory Segmentation • Address Generation • Pin Description • Minimum & Maximum modes • Timing diagram. Intel 8086 Microprocessor • Manufactured by Intel in 1978 • Features: – 16-Bit Microprocessor – 16-Bit Data Bus – 20-Bit Address Bus (Lower 16-Bits Shared with Data Bus) • 220 = 210 * 210 = 1 MB. – 40 Pin DIP – Improved...
    2,455 Words | 10 Pages
  • Questions and Answers on Direct Memory Access
    A microporgram is sequencer perform the operation A. | Read | B. | write | C. | Execute | D. | Read and execute | Answer D _____________________________________________________________________________________ | The control unit of computer A. | Performs ALU operations on the data | B. | Controls the operation of the output devices | C. | Is a device for manually operating the computer | D. | Direct the other unit of computers | Answer D...
    3,272 Words | 11 Pages
  • Computer Architecture - 34003 Words
    Einstein College of Engineering EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Computer Architecture and Organization Lecture Notes-EC53 SUJATHA.K & JASMINE MARY.S TEXTBOOKS: 1. John P. Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third edition, 1998. 2. V. Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer Organisation“, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996. Einstein College of Engineering UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF A COMPUTER SYSTEM Digital...
    34,003 Words | 114 Pages
  • Pentium 1 history and specifications
    Pentium Intel released its original Pentium Processor, also known as the Pentium 1, on March 22, 1993. The Pentium 1 replaced the Intel486 as Intel's mainstream microprocessor for personal computing applications. While the Pentium 1 processors were specifically designed for use in desktop computers, later members of the Pentium family could accommodate laptops and other mobile devices. Reviewing some of the Pentium 1's specifications can help you better understand the microprocessor's...
    729 Words | 3 Pages
  • COMPORG - 5033 Words
    University of Batangas COLLEGE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY Case Study In Computer Organization Midterm Requirement in Computer Organization 8/27/2014 II. INTRODUCTION The power of your processor is the key to your computer’s performance. Amazingly rapid leaps that are made each year in processor technology are barely matched in any other industry. Here we look inside the processor. At the center of your computer is an...
    5,033 Words | 24 Pages
  • A Fast Crc Implementation on Fpga Using a Pipelined Architecture for the Polynomial Division
    A Fast CRC Implementation on FPGA Using a Pipelined Architecture for the Polynomial Division Fabrice MONTEIRO, Abbas DANDACHE, Amine M’SIR,Bernard LEPLEY LICM, University of Metz, SUPELEC, Rue Edouard Belin, 57078 Metz Cedex phone: +33(0)3875473 11, fax: +33(0)387547301, email: fabrice.monteiro@ieee.org ABSTRACT The CRC error detection is a very common function on telecommunication applications. The evolution towards increasing data rates requires more and more sofisticated implementations....
    1,769 Words | 8 Pages

All Central processing unit Essays