Carboxylic acid Essays & Research Papers

Best Carboxylic acid Essays

  • carboxylic acids - 1336 Words
    CHEMISTRY 125 LABORATORY Name: Balagao, Sherey Mae U. Date Performed: September 8, 2014 Lab Schedule: 1:00-4:00 MW Date Submitted: September 19, 2014 Group No.: 4 Rating: Exercise No. 8 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND ACID DERIVATIVES I. OBJECTIVES: • To investigate the physical and chemical properties of Carboxylic acid and its derivatives • To understand the reactions of carboxylic compounds and derivatives. II....
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  • CARBOXYLIC ACID - 608 Words
     CARBOXYLIC ACID Introduction: Organic compounds containing (–C(O)–OH) as a functional group are called carboxylic acids. The –C (O)-OH group which itself is made up of a carbonyl group (>C=O) and a hydroxyl group (-OH) is called a carboxyl group (carb from carbonyl and oxyl from hydroxyl group). Carboxylic acid may be an aliphatic or an aromatic depending upon whether –C–OH is attached to an alkyl group ( or a hydrogen atom) or an aryl group. Their general formulas are; ALIPHATIC...
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  • Carboxylic Acid - 1147 Words
    HONEY JANE ESTARIJA bs-biology MW 1:00 - 2:30 & 3:00 – 6:00 A carboxylic acid is an organic acid characterized by the presence of at least one carboxyl group. The general formula of a carboxylic acid is R-COOH, where R is some monovalent functional group. A carboxyl group (or carboxy) is a functional group consisting of a carbonyl (RR'C=O) and a hydroxyl (R-O-H), which has the formula -C(=O)OH, usually written as -COOH or -CO2H. Carboxylic acids are Brønsted-Lowry acids because they...
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  • Carboxylic Acids - 401 Words
    1. What is the functional group of a carboxylic acid? a. Carboxyl group –COOH, --CO2H 2. What is the common name for an ethanoic acid? a. Acetic acid CH3COOH 3. Reduction of carboxylic acids a. Carboxylic acids  Aldehydes  Primary alcohols 4. Why are ions much more water soluble than neutral molecules? a. Because they have a charge 5. Putting an insoluble carboxylic acid in a basic (alkaline) solution creates an ion by: a. Taking away an H+ b. It becomes soluble 6. Changes...
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  • All Carboxylic acid Essays

  • Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives - 975 Words
    Chinese General Hospital Colleges First Semester, AY 2013 – 2014 Organic Chemistry (Laboratory) Experiment no. 10 Date performed: September 5, 2013 Group 3 Date submitted: September 19, 2013 Names: De Guzman, Joanna Clarisse Del Mundo, Marilyn Delos Reyes, Pamela L. Dela Cruz, Marrie Cyril M. Duran, Zenith Anne P. “CLASSIFICATION TESTS FOR CARBOXYLIC ACID AND DERIVATIVES” I. Theoretical background Carboxylic acid derivatives are organic compounds containing...
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  • Separation of a carboxylic acid - 2880 Words
    Separation of a Carboxylic Acid from a Neutral Compound by Extraction Reference: Smith, Chapter 2 (Acids and Bases) Introduction Carboxylic acids and phenols are two families of organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, and also react with water to yield an excess of hydronium ions over hydroxide ions. Pure water has a pH of 7, which means it has a hydronium ion concentration, [H3O+] of 10-7 M (M = molarity, moles/Liter). The hydronium ions in pure water come from the...
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  • Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives - 1240 Words
    REPORT EXPERIMENT 9 CARBOXYLIC ACID AND DERIVATIVES Date: January 19, 2004 Objectives: 1. To understand the reactions of carboxylic compounds and derivatives. 2. To know the methods for preparing carboxylic acid derivatives. 3. To know the methods for testing the carboxylic acid derivatives. Experimental Procedures: 9.1 Solubility 1. Prepare 3 test tubes with 3 ml of water in each. 2. Place 3 drops of acetic acid, benzoic acid, and oxalic acid in separate test tubes. 3. Shake and...
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  • Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives. Laboratory Report
    Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives Ma. Marielle M. Medura Prof. Emma Boncales Chem 23A (TTH 01:00-4:00 p.m) Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives I. Introduction Carboxylic acids is an organic compound that contains a carboxylic group(-COOH). Its general formula is R-C=OOH with R referring to the rest of the molecule such as H and C. They are directly attached to a carbonyl group and the interaction between them affects the reactions of each. The polarity of the O-H...
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  • Classification Tests for Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives
    Classification Tests for Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives Mary Catherine Sarte, John Emmanuel Sy, Allurie Umel,Franklin Yap, Mary Christine YouIntroduction Carboxylic acids derivatives are simply groupsof compounds that contain a carbonyl group butwith an electronegative atom attached to thecarbon. The difference in the structure leads to amajor change in reactivity. The reactions of thesegroups of compounds involve nucleophilicsubstitution. Although there are abundant kindsof carboxylic...
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  • Separation of a Carboxylic Acid, a Phenol, and a Neutral Substance
    Objective: The objective of this experiment is to use acid-base extraction techniques to separate a mixture of organic compounds based on acidity and/or basicity. After the three compounds are separated we will recover them into their salt forms and then purify them by recrystallization and identify them by their melting points. Procedure: Extraction of Carboxylic Acid A pre-weighed (0.315g) mixture of Carboxylic acid, a phenol, and neutral substance was placed into a reaction tube (tube...
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  • Acetylsalicylic Acid - 824 Words
    Experiment 8: Acetylsalicylic Acid Post lab: Restatement of experiment: Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is a derivative of salicylic acid with the same medicinal values but fewer side effects. It is used widely as a pain killer and anti-inflammatory. In this experiment, aspirin was synthesized from salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. To determine the product’s purity, the melting point of aspirin was then measured using a Thomas-Hoover Uni- Melt device. The product had a low percent yield...
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  • Amino Acids - 2249 Words
    Separation of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography Chromatography is a common technique for separating chemical substances. The prefix “chroma,” which suggests “color,” comes from the fact that some of the earliest applications of chromatography were to separate components of the green pigment, chlorophyll. You may have already used this method to separate the colored components in ink. In this experiment you will use chromatography to separate and identify amino acids, the building blocks of...
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  • Formic Acid - 688 Words
    Formic acid is known to be the simplest carboxylic acid, and it is an important factor in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally. The chemical formula for Formic Acid is CH202, and is mostly found in the venom of bee and ant stings. Formic acid is clear and colorless with a pungent odor. Formic acid is used in many ways; Formic acid is used to preserve livestock. It is also sprayed on animal food and fresh hay to reduce the decay rate. It can also be used as a pesticide to protect bee...
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  • salicylic acid - 824 Words
    Synthesis of Salicylic Acid Experimental Data: 1. Mass of methyl salicylate used: 0.232 g 2. Theoretical yield of salicylic acid: 0.211 g 3. Volume H2SO4 added, with units (drops or mL): 3mL 4. Mass of crude salicylic acid obtained: 0.250 g 5. Volume of water used as recrystallizing solvent: 2 mL 6. Mass of purified salicylic acid: 0.134 g 7. Percent yield of purified salicylic acid from reaction: 63.5% 8. Melting point of purified product: 158-160 oC 9. Name of NMR solvent used...
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  • acrylic acid - 9543 Words
    MANUFACTURE OF ACRYLIC ACID BY PARTIAL OXIDATION OF PROPYLENE Submitted by, P.V.R.Krishna Prasad. M.Prem Kumar. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We hereby place our sincere thanks to Dr.R.KARTHIKEYAN, Head of the Department of Chemical Engineering , Faculty of Engineering and Technology, S.R.M University and the faculty members of Chemical Engineering Department for their full hearted co-operation and encouragement for the completion of this project. We extend our thanks to our Project guide...
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  • Benzoic Acid - 861 Words
    BENZOIC ACID & BENZOATES (210 –218) • Retards growth of bacteria and yeasts • Occurs naturally in many foods – a similar distribution to salicylate (but at a lower dose than as an additive) • Common food sources: Soft drink, cordial, fruit juice and cider Liquid essences and syrups Iceblocks, jelly, low joule jam, dips, pickles, olives Fish marinades and preserves • PABA...
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  • Carboxylic Lab Report - 1850 Words
    INTRODUCTION: Carboxylic acids are organic acids characterized by the presence of a carboxyl group, -COOH. This acid acts as a weak acid, which can react with a strong base. Carboxylic acids form hydrogen bonds with many water molecules and are more soluble with one to four carbon atoms. Also, it may have an R group that consist of hydrogen or an alkyl group that changes its water solubility. Carboxylic acids with low molecular weight have odor at room temperature and higher molecular...
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  • Chemistry of Butanediolic Acid - 1813 Words
    Stereochemistry of Butenedioic Acid Objective: To study the interconversion of two geometric isomers, maleic acid (cis isomer) to fumaric acid (trans isomers), the differences in physical properties between this pair of cis-trans isomers and determine the stereochemistry of addition of bromine to butenedioic acid. Chemicals and Apparatus: 2 grams of maleic acid, 10 cm3 of concentrated hydrochloric acid, 10 cm3 of bromine water[1], one 50 cm3 beaker, one 100 cm3 beaker, one 250 cm3...
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  • Acid Base Extraction - 1625 Words
    Acid Base Extraction The purpose of this laboratory assignment was two-fold, first, we were to demonstrate the extraction of acids and bases, finally, determining what unknowns were present. Second, we were to extract caffeine from tea. These two assignment will be documented in two separate entities. Introduction: Acid/base extraction involves carrying out simple acid/base reactions in order to separate strong organic acids, weak organic acids neutral organic compounds and basic organic...
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  • Microscale Synthesis of Acetylsalicylic Acid
    Synthesis of Aspirin Ling Tecson Gamido, Mitchiko Mariel M. Mizukami Abstract Acetylsalicylic acid, or also known as aspirin is known to be a drug that relives people of pain and is commonly used even today. It is synthesized from salicylic acid and ethanoic anhydride, both of small quantities. Phosphoric acid was used as a catalyst in the synthesis to speed up the process. Esterification is involved and the final product is aspirin with the presence of acetic acid as the byproduct. In...
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  • Caproic Acid Synthesis - 1644 Words
    Introduction In this lab, caproic acid was synthesized in a multi-step process that involved the synthesis of three intermediates – diethyl n-butylmalonate, potassium n-butylmalonate, and n-butyl malonic acid respectively. An IR was used to characterize the starting material, n-bromobutane, and the first intermediate, diethyl n-butylmalonate; while IR and NMR were used to characterize the final product, caproic acid. Reactions, Mechanism and Theory Caproic acid a.k.a n-hexanoic acid is a...
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  • Acetylsalicylic Acid (Organic Synthesis)
     EXERCISE 11 Synthesis of Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid from Salicylic Acid) RAQUID, Rency J Group 5 18L I. Introduction Due to the demand of certain reagents in the laboratory in order to perform and conduct further experiments or produce essential compounds, chemists continuously develop organic synthesis. This process aims to prepare and synthesize desired organic compounds from commercially or readily available ones by providing the simplest route in synthesizing the...
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  • Acetylsalicylic Acid Synthesis - 577 Words
    October 9, 2013 Partner(s): Acetylsalicylic Acid Synthesis Theory. This experiment was carried out to see how the hydroxyl group on the benzene ring in salicylic acid reacts with acetic anhydride to form an ester, and to make aspirin. Synthesis of Acetylsalicylic Acid occurs by protonation of carbonyl (C=O) group, and a nucleophilic attack of OH on the acetic anhydride. The ferric chloride test and melting point were used to test the purity of the results. A hypothesized recovery rater of...
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  • Acid and Drops Litmus Paper
     EXPERIMENT NO 1. MATERIALS Sofdriks (coke) Dropper Vinegar Milk (yakult) Litmus paper Beer Ampalaya fruit Distilled water Calamasi PROCEDURE: 1. Prepare the materials that needed in experiment. 2. Using dropper, get a little amount of coke, vinegar, milk, beer, and distilled water then drop to red and blue litmus paper. Record the result. 3. Squeeze...
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  • Extraction Extraction with acid and alkali
     EXPERIMENT 13: Extraction: Extraction with acid and alkali Objective 1. To recover the benzoic acid and p-dichlorobenzene from its mixture from its mixture by using acid-alkali extraction. 2. To determine the percentage recovery and melting point of the recovered benzoic acid and p-dichlorobenzene. Introduction Acid-base extraction is a process which purifying the acids and bases from mixtures based on their chemical properties. Acid-base extraction is performed to isolate the compounds...
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  • Preparation Of Acetylsalicylic Acid 1
    Preparation of Acetylsalicylic Acid Abstract Acetylsalicylic acid was prepared using salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. As a result, a white, powdery substance was formed (0.1931g, percent yield 91.30%) and was defined by melting point (124.5 – 134.5°C) and observation of color change with ferric chloride. Introduction Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is one of the most popular analgesic drugs on the market today. It also acts as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug. Salicylic acid...
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  • PharmChem weak acids - 281 Words
     Name: Citric acid Chemical Name: 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid Chemical Formula: C6H8O7 Chemical Structure: pH: 4.18, 3.90, 3.57 Classification: Weak acid Uses: It is a natural preservative/conservative and is also used to add an acidic or sour taste to foods and drinks. It is also used mainly as an acidifier, as a flavoring, and as a chelating agent. Name: Vinegar acid Chemical Name: Acetic acid or ethanoic acid Chemical Formula: C2H4O2 Chemical...
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  • Synthesis of Acetylsalicylic Acid - 2828 Words
    Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin) Synthesis Telow, AJV Sumicad, CJ, Tavanlar, EMMT, Chem 40.1, Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines Los Baños I. Introduction Organic synthesis is the process where a desired organic compound is constructed or prepared from commercially available materials. The objective of organic synthesis is to design the simplest synthetic routes to a molecule. Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid is as salicylate drug often used as...
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  • Synthesis of Salicylic Acid - 859 Words
    Experiment 4 Synthesis of Salicylic Acid Introduction Throughout history, botanical extracts have been used as medicines. Approximately 30% of all medicines have a plant origin. This number increases to 60% if you consider medicines that at one time were derived from plants, but have been synthesized in the laboratory. Salicylic acid is a white crystalline compound that can be isolated from the bark of birch trees. Since it is a valuable substance that can be isolated from nature, it is...
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  • Feed Acidifiers Market (Propionic Acid, Fumaric Acid, Lactic Acid, Formic Acid & Others) to 2018
    The feed acidifiers market is flourishing due to the increasing use of feed acidifiers in treating animal diseases. The leading companies of the feed acidifiers market are continuously adopting new technologies and are using feed acidifiers for supplementing the diets of animals. The market value of propionic acid as a feed acidifier was the highest in 2012, and is projected to grow with the increasing demand for feed acidifiers in the livestock industry. The benefits of feed acidifiers are...
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  • Preparation and Purification of Acetylsalicylic Acid
    Preparation and purification of acetylsalicylic acid Results and Data treatment (A) Preparation of aspirin i) Details about the reactants Reaction of the acetylation of salicylic acid is following From the balanced reaction above, it can be seen that the stoichiometry between salicylic acid and acetic anhydride is 1: 1. In this experiment, 21.7mmol of salicylic acid was used to react 6.0mL of acetic anhydride and salicylic acid was limiting reagent. The expected amount of...
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  • Multistep Synthesis of Benzilic Acid
    Multi-Step Synthesis of Benzilic Acid from Benzoin Abstract: The main purpose of this experiment was to convert a secondary alcohol to a ketone, utilizing a mild and selective oxidizing agent. In addition, this converted alpha diketone was then subjected to rearrangement to a carboxylate salt, then acidification, to produce an alpha-hydroxyacid. In this experiment, benzoin was used and converted into benzil, which was then used to synthesize benzillic acid. The yields were not ideal: .081g...
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  • Acetylsalicylic Acid Synthesis - 677 Words
    Experiment # 3 Acetylsalicylic Acid Introduction: The purpose of this experiment is to create and isolate pure acetylsalicylic acid from the substances salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. Then one will find the melting point to determine purity. Procedure: Make a hot bath. Weigh some salicylic acid and place in conical vial. Add .480mL of acetic anhydride and a drop of concentrated phosphoric acid. Drop in a magnetic spin vane and attach air condenser to vial. Partially submerge it...
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  • poly gamma glutamic acid
    Bioresource Technology 79 (2001) 207±225 Review paper The production of poly-(c-glutamic acid) from microorganisms and its various applications Ing-Lung Shih *, Yi-Tsong Van Department of Environmental Engineering, Da-Yeh University, 112 Shan-Jiau Road, Da-Tsuen, Chang-Hwa 51505, Taiwan, ROC Accepted 9 April 2001 Abstract This review article deals with the chemistry and biosynthesis of poly-(c-glutamic acid) (c-PGA) produced by various strains of Bacillus. Potential applications...
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  • Lab 5 Acid/Base Extractions
    Lab 5 Acid/Base Extractions Introduction The purpose of this experiment is to separate either the organic base (amine) or organic acid (carboxylic acid) from a mixture that contains inorganic impurities (salt) by performing a liquid-liquid extraction and then taking a melting point. Key Experimental Details and Observations Our starting material, Compound B, was a fine white powder and weighed 0.535g. The final product was a shiny white sheet that resembled acrylic paint and weighed...
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  • Global Propionic Acid and its Derivatives Market
    Global Propionic Acid and its Derivatives Market 2014-2018 Propionic acid (CH3CH2COOH) is a carboxylic acid; it is a clear liquid and has a strong smell. It is commercially produced by the hydrocarboxylation of ethylene with nickel carbonyl catalyst. It is miscible with water and almost all normal organic solvents. Propionic acid and its derivatives are used in a variety of industries including the Cosmetics, Textile, Pharma, Livestock, Cheese, Preservatives, Plastic, and Baking. It is...
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  • Experiment 8: Acetylsalicylic Acid Experiment
    Monica Perez Experiment 8: Acetylsalicylic Acid Experiment 01/25/2013 CHM Lab- 2211 Sec 0016 Instructor: Jennifer Reed Introduction: Commonly used as Aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid is an analgesic (pain reliever), which is one of the products of the esterification reaction between salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. This esterification occurs since the hydroxyl group from the salicylic acid reacts with acetic anhydride to form an ester. In this experiment, we will be able to...
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  • acid base extraction: naphthalene, 4-chloroaniline and benzoic acid
     Acid-Base Extraction: Separation of an Organic Acid, Base and a Neural Compound Introduction/Background Acid base extraction is a widely used commercial method in separating acids, bases and neutral compounds. This is concept is based on several physical properties of the compounds, such as boiling point, melting points and solubility. The different solubility properties of the protonated and non-protonated forms of these compounds depend on the functional...
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  • Synthesis of Salicylic Acid from Wintergreen Oil
    EXPERIMENT 4: Synthesis of Salicylic Acid from Wintergreen Oil Abstract: The purpose of this experiment is to take methyl salicylate (wintergreen oil) and by heating it under reflux with NaOH as a solvent, and then cooling the mixture with H2SO4 as another solvent, synthesize salicylic acid. The final step involves purify the product to produce as pure a sample of salicylic acid as possible. This process allowed for the successful production of 1.406g salicylic acid, an 82.70% yield. The NMR...
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  • Synthesis of Salicylic Acid from Wintergreen Oil
    Synthesis of Salicylic Acid from Wintergreen Oil Objective – Preparation of salicylic acid (organic synthesis) from methyl salicylate utilizing previously used procedure from the nineteenth century. The final product will then be evaluated in comparison to salicylic acid made from benzene. Discussion – In this synthesis, methyl salicylate is the starting material or precursor and salicylic acid is the target product. It is the major constituent of wintergreen oil. The difference in structures...
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  • Synthesis and Purification of Acetylsalicylic Acid (Asa or Aspirin)
    Synthesis and Purification of Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA or Aspirin) Background Salicylic acid is a phenol as well as a carboxylic acid. It can therefore undergo two different types of esterification reactions, creating an ester either with the hydroxyl or with the acid. In the presence of acetic anhydride, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin or ASA) is formed. Correspondingly, an excess of methanol will form methyl salicylate, which is also an analgesic. In this experiment, we shall...
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  • Studying the Rate of the Reaction of Potassium Permanganate and Oxalic Acid
    INTRODUCTION The main theory behind this experiment is that by setting up several apparatuses using varying amount of t-butyl alcohol, distilled water, or an unknown liquid, the freezing point of t-butyl alcohol, the molal freezing point and the molar mass of an unknown can be determined. The equations pertinent to this experiment include the following: mc= ∆Tf=Tf-Tf'=(Kf)(mc) mc= mc= mc= gram molar mass of solute, g mole^-1= kf=∆Tf/ mc mass of unknown ,g=(volume of...
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    662 Words | 3 Pages
  • Exp 23:: Stereochemistry of the Addition of Bromine to Trans-Cinnamic Acid
    Subject: Experiment 23: Stereochemistry of the Addition of Bromine to trans-Cinnamic Acid Introduction/Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to carry out the bromination of trans-cinnamic acid, to determine the stereochemistry of the dibromide product of 2,3-dibromo-3-phenylpropanoic acid, and find out whether the reaction proceeds by the usual bromonium ion mechanism or some other mechanism. In this experiment trans-cinnamic acid was mixed with glacial acetic acid and stirred in...
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  • Partitioning of Organic Acid Food Preservatives between Oil and Water
    Partitioning of organic acid food preservatives between oil and water Olaya Iturbe Navalpotro Student of Food National Institute -DTU Technical University of Denmark Index 1. Introduction …………………………………………………………..pg. 2-4 2. Theoretical background……………………………………………….pg. 5-18 2.1. Preservatives (Sorbic acid and Benzoic acid) 2.2. Solubility and partitioning of food preservatives in food system 2.3. Measurements of the preservatives partitioning in oil-water system 2.4. Influences...
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  • Tbutyl Esters of Amino Acids and Peptides and Their Use in Peptide Synthesis
    J uly 5 , 1960 & BUTYL STERS PEPTIDEYNTHESIS E IN S g roup occupies t he same position of the peptide chain in both mercaptalbumin and non-mercaptalbumin. 3359 Acknowledgments.-The authors are grateful to Mrs. J . O’Brien and Mr. 0. Griffith for their technical assistance. [ CONTRIBUTION T HE O RCAXIC FROM CHEMICAL RESEARCH SECTION, LEDERLE LABORATORIES v r s r o x , MERICAN VASAMID U~ A C R Co., PBARLIVER,X. Y . ] &Butyl Esters of Amino Acids and Peptides and...
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  • Silage making - 1988 Words
    To preserve the fodder in the green succulent form at low pH under anaerobic condition to microbes is called silage. Silo: The specialized device or container used for preparation of silage is called silo. The silo are: Pile - In this type of silo there is no need of construction. Only a pile of chopped fodder is made on a ground and it is pressed with the help of tractor. This type of silo is recommended for short term preservation of fodder. ► Silage Making ► Hay Making ►...
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  • ANALYSIS OF HYDROCARBON - 1750 Words
    ANALYTICAL SEPARATION METHODS CHM 510 EXPERIMENT 3: FATTY ACID DETERMINATION USING GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY OBJECTIVE To applied derivatization technique which covert non volatile fatty acid to the corresponding volatile methyl esters (FAME) which can be analysed by gas chromatography. INTRODUCTION Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. Chemically, fats are generally triesters of glycerol and fatty acids. Fats...
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  • Lab 8 Isopentyl acetate 1
    Lab 8: Isopentyl Acetate CHM 2211L October 22, 2014 Abstract Many esters are naturally occurring compounds that are responsible for the fragrance of fruits and flowers. Isopentyl Acetate is the compound responsible for the smell of bananas. However, when Isopentyl acetate is treated with H3O+ it will hydrolyze back into the carboxylic acid, which will change the fragrance. In this experiment 3.11g of Isopentyl Acetate were produced with a 51.92 percent yield. Introduction Esters are...
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  • Org Chem Unknown Analysis Guide
    Classification for Functional Groups Alcohols Lucas test (Differentiates primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols) Reagent: ZnCl2 in conc. HCl Observation: Rate of reaction (tertiary alcohol> secondary alcohol> primary alcohol) Procedure: 2mL Lucas Reagent in test tube+ 3-4 drops of alcohol, stopper, shake vigorously, NOTE time required (less than 10m mins only) to form an emulsion or separate layers. Oxidation (Confirms if alcohol is oxidizable: presence of H in C-OH bond)...
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  • Preparation of aspirin and oil of wintergreen
     preparation of aspirin and oil of wintergreen | Introduction Organic compounds are those which contain carbon as well as a select other elements. An organic acid however, is an organic compound which contains acidic properties. An ester is an example of being a derivative of these organic acids. Esters can be prepared by the reaction of carboxylic acids and alcohols, with an inorganic acid used as a catalyst which is dubbed esterification. With o-hydrobenzoic acid, or...
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  • Determination of unknown organic compound
    Bonifacio, Prince Zero P.Date Performed: October 00, 2014 Group No. 1Date Submitted: October 00, 2014 Experiment No. 7 Unknown: 2 Compound: Table 6.1Physical Examination State Liquid Odor Smells like adhesive paste Color Pink-orange Flammability Flammable Table 6.2Physical Constant: Melting Point Parameter Experimental Theoretical (From Literature) Melting Point (oC) Trial 1 Trial 2 Average 88 88 86 86 Table 6.3Solubility Test Sample Solubility Solubility Class Water Ether 5%...
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  • Qualitative Organic Functional Group Tests in Various Homologous Series
    2. Qualitative ORGANIC functional group tests in various homologous series | TEST FOR | TEST METHOD | OBSERVATIONS | TEST CHEMISTRY and comments | ALKENE or alkyne i.e. any non-aromatic unsaturated hydrocarbon with a double or triple carbon-carbon bond. | Bubble gas through, or add liquid to, a solution of bromine in hexane or water. | The orange/brown bromine rapidly decolourises, as a saturated colourless organic bromo-compound is formed. | R2C=CR2 + Br2 ==> BrR2C-CR2BrRCCR +...
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  • Leaf Spray: Direct Chemical Analysis of Plant Material by Mass Spectrometry
    Eric Sorenson Leaf Spray: Direct Chemical Analysis of Plant Material by Mass Spectrometry Jiangjiang Liu,† He Wang,† R. Graham Cooks,*,‡,§ and Zheng Ouyang*,†,§ †Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, ‡Department of Chemistry, and §Center for Analytical Instrumentation Development, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States Analytical Chemistry ACS Publications Published September 14, 2011 This research article written by the researchers Jiangjiang Liu, He Wang, R....
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  • essay on natural disaster - 534 Words
    Natural Acids of Fruits and Vegetables Fruits Type Apples Apricots Avocados Bananas Bilberry Blackberries Blueberries Boysenberries Cherries Crabapple Cranberries Currants Elderberries Figs Gooseberries Grapefruit Grapes Kiwifruit Kumquat Lemons Limes Loganberry Nectarine Orange Peel Orange Passionfruit Peaches Pears Pineapples Plums Raspberry Rosehip Quinces Salad Strawberries Tangerine Youngberries ...
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  • Development of Modern Ideas about Medicine
    WHATS IN A MEDICINE Chemical Storylines WM1- development of modern ideas about medicine The active ingredient of medicine is drugs Medicine prevents bodily harm and intends to cure an illness Effectiveness of a drug measured by trial and error WM2/WM3– Medicines from nature Medicines from willow bark – willow bark contain an active ingredient know as salicylic acid which used to make aspirin (pain reliever) Identifying salicylic acid Three chemical tests which are used to predict...
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  • Acetyl Chloride - 371 Words
    Acetyl chloride, CH3COCl, also known as ethanoyl chloride or acyl chloride, is an acid chloride derived from acetic acid. It belongs to the class of organic compounds called acyl halides. It is a colorless liquid. Acetyl chloride does not exist in nature, because contact with water would hydrolyze it into acetic acid and hydrogen chloride. In fact, if handled in open air it gives off white smoke owing to the hydrolysis from the moisture in the air. The "smoke" is actually small droplets of...
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  • Dictionary of Science - 320157 Words
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  • Organic Synthesis of Aspirin Chemistry Formal Lab.
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  • Nucleophilic Substitution at the Carbonyl Carbon
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  • Experiment 21-Esterification - 2174 Words
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  • Chemistry of Coffee - 1702 Words
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  • results - 4283 Words
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  • Investigation And Preparation Of Esteri - 1002 Words
     Investigation and Preparation of Esterification Lab Introduction Esters are classified as organic compounds commonly derived from carboxylic acids. They are compounded from the reaction of a carboxylic acid with an alcohol in the presence of a strong acid to be used as a catalyst. The formula that represents an ester is R-COO-R where both Rs’ are alkyl groups, one which is bonded to an oxygen, and the other to a carbon which is double bonded to 1 oxygen and single bonded to the other....
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  • Organic Molecule Testing - 616 Words
    Organic Molecules Testing Purpose: What are the four classes (carbohydrates – starch/sugar, lipid, and protein) of biomolecules found in all living things and what do they all have in common? Hypothesis: I think that using each test will help determine the presence of carbohydrates (starch and reducing sugar), lipid, and protein. Material Test tubes Hot plate Distilled water Benedict’s solution Biuret Solution Iodide solution Brown paper Corn Oil Paper towel Biomolecule...
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  • Results and conclusion for aspirin synthesis
    Medicine Analysis – Synthesising Aspirin results After recrystallisation differences between the crude and purified aspirin were noted. The impure (crude) aspirin was powered and fluffy with small clumps and was slightly yellow in colour whereas the pure aspirin has a less fluffy crystalline powder and was whiter. This showed distinct differences in the two substances but similarities were also apparent showing aspirin, in some level, was created. Before recrystallisation the crude aspirin...
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